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Career in Software Engineering

As a branch of computer science, software engineering includes the development and building of computer systems software and applications software. Systems software consists of programs that include computing utilities and operations systems and applications software includes user-focused programs, including database programs, Web browsers and more. Knowledge of programming languages, software development and computer operating systems are three major components of the field. Software engineering is a related, but slightly different occupational field than computer hardware engineering, which is concerned with the design and development of hardware and computing technologies. Software engineers use certain design principles to develop, test, and maintain software. Students with training in software engineering can also apply their skills to computer systems as well. A bachelor's degree in computer science is usually required, although there are some college majors available that focus exclusively on software engineering.

Duties of Software Engineers:

  • Work in a team of developers in several projects.
  • Develop well-optimized and efficient source code for the latest software applications.
  • Produce software tools and amalgamate it to a fully functional software system.
  • Maintain and test software to ensure that it is working properly.

Eligibility Criteria: Aspirants are eligible for undergraduate courses after clearing the higher secondary examination with PCM group. For admission to master courses, bachelor’s degree in the relevant field is required. One can become a software engineer after qualifying the full-time professional course in related field. A number of courses at bachelor’s and master’s level are offered in this field. For UG Courses: Aspirants are eligible for undergraduate courses after clearing the higher secondary examination with PCM group. For PG Courses: For admission to master courses, bachelor’s degree in the relevant field is required.

The candidates can take the admission to undergraduate programmes like B.E./B.Tech on the basis of JEE Main 2018. It is the national level entrance examination conducted in the month of April. Several Universities/institutions also conducts their own entrance examination for providing admission. Admission to master’s courses like M.E./M.Tech will be done on the basis of GATE 2018 examination.


  • Software Engineering Tools
  • Software Development Process
  • Software Testing
  • Software Design
  • Software Maintenance
  • Software Quality
  • Software Development
  • Software Configuration Management
  • Software Engineering Management

Skills required:

  • Excellent Debugging skills.
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Proficiency in programming languages like C, C++, Java, C#, etc.
  • Excellent knowledge of hardware and software.
  • Good knowledge of CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering) tools.
  • Team working skills

Top colleges offerring courses in software engineering are as follows:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
  • IIT, Hyderabad
  • IIT, Kharagpur
  • IIT, Delhi
  • IIT, Kanpur
  • IIT, Madras
  • IIT, Guwahati
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Kurukshetra
  • NIT, Durgapur
  • Amity University, Gurgaon
  • BITS Pilani

Jobs & Career Scope: There is huge scope for IT and CS students due to fast growing of IT industries. Ample career options are available in the field of software engineering. Plenty of jobs are available in a software companies for software engineers. There is also a need of software engineers in public sector. After gaining good experience you can start your own software firm. You can also work as a freelancer. Software engineers can also choose their profession in teaching. You can also work in Public & private sector banks, school and colleges & financial institutions. As a Software Engineer, you can also run consultancy to develop & repair software as per the requirements of the clients. There is lots of scope for software engineer not only in India but also in abroad.

Salary: In India, a fresher will get the average salary of 3.5 to 4 lacs per year. If you have experience on hands then you can earn good remuneration in this field. Those working in the domain of Java and Dot Net receives handsome salary package. The average pay of a software engineer in United states (US) is $94000 annually. Salary may also depends upon the company/industry you are working for.



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