Career in Telecom Sector
Though India has 76 percent teledensity, compared to its BRIC peers, the country's infrastructure still requires a major improvement. Hence in market that still requires growth impetus, the demand for telecommunication engineers will remain resilient. Experts call telecom the second IT Industry of India. India has been a growth market for telecommunication companies from across the globe. Employees having the desired skill set are valued by the companies in the business. Companies in telecom work to imbibe a culture in their organisations where employees are encouraged to take cross-functional roles. Some companies continuously invest in imparting new skills and education to their employees to keep them abreast with the latest in the industry.
Where are the jobs: There are immense options for freshers. If you have an understanding of how the telecom industry works and broad-level experience, the horizon gets broader for you. You can work for:
- Telecom Operators such as Airtel, Idea, Vodafone
- Telecom Equipment Manufacturers such as Nokia, Siemens, Cisco, Ericsson
- Passive Infrastructure provider such as Indus Towers, Viom Networks, Bharti Infratel
- Value-added services companies such as OnMobile
- Service Vendors such as GTL, Innovis
- Network Operation and Management companies
- System Integrators such as Accenture, IBM, Tech Mahindra.
Growth Prospects: You can typically join the industry as a graduate engineer trainee. Thereafter, you can move to many different roles including project/operations management, product technical support, network management, solution architect and R&D engineer. There is also scope for rotation across these areas.
Job Profiles: The following are the broad functional requirements in the industry:
- Network Planning and Optimisation
- Network Deployment
- Network Operation and Maintenance
- Equipment Testing
- Value-added Services.
What Industry Demands: A fresh graduate is likely to be offered the role of a base transceiver station engineer, drive test engineer, RF Engineer, Operations and Maintenance Engineer, Switch Engineer, GNOC Engineer, etc. Companies prefer candidates who have practical knowledge and are ready to be deployed in various functions. Hence, those who have undergone some training or internship program and have hands-on exposure is preferred.
Skills Required: To pursue a career in the telecom sector, one can pursue telecom engineering. There are various degree and certificate level courses for students to pursue in this field to get a head start in the telecom sector. Aspirants can pursue Bachelor’s and Master’s in telecom engineering from a reputed institute along with various diploma/certificate courses in telecom engineering, information technology, computer science, management information systems, computer forensics, computer engineering, and Bachelor of Science in Mobile Internet Communication Technology/Informatics. While the degree programme takes four years for completion; the duration for certification courses varies from six months to one year. A student who has completed his higher secondary education with chemistry, physics and mathematics, is eligible to apply for a graduation course in telecommunication engineering. These students can also take the IIT-JEE Joint Entrance Examination conducted by the states. The Indian institutes also offer a postgraduate degree in the course. Students who have completed their BTech degree in telecommunication engineering from a university approved by the All India Council of Technical Education are eligible to apply for their Master’s.