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Careers in Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering Introduction Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering are job oriented areas with good potential. However, the fact is that the number of institutions catering to this course of study is limited. As offshore industry is becoming commercially important in several fields like transport, trade, oil and gas, mineral exploration, etc., more efficiently designed vessels and offshore facilities are the need of the day. This commercial importance is because oceans truly are the last frontiers remaining on earth, and it is up to the ocean engineers to find ways to reckon, investigate and utilize ocean and coastal resources. Hence, the prospects for the beginners in this area looks bright. Ocean Engineering as a discipline encompasses the breadth of engineering sciences including design, construction, development, operation and planning of systems that operate in an oceanic and marine environment. Naval Architecture, which has traditionally been studied as a discipline in itself is however a subdivision of ocean engineering, that specializes in the design of ships and other sea-going vessels. In Naval Architecture, all structures related to ship building, i.e., the ships, boats, submarines, Oil rigs, hover crafts, etc., are to be designed.Therefore, the main activities involved in the discipline of Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture are the preliminary design of the offshore structures, its detailed design, construction, trials, operation and maintenance, launching and dry-docking works etc. Career Scopes for Ocean Engineers and Naval Architects: Ocean Engineers have a wide range of employment opportunities world-wide. Because of the wide variety of work they are involved in and the difficulty to categorise the field comprehensively, the Ocean Engineers are mainly related to engineering field as designers and construction supervisors, they also have scope in areas like Consultancy, Marketing and Sales, Operations, Regulation, Surveying and Overseeing, Research and Development, Education and Training, etc,. Each type of work has its own distinctive character and offers opportunities for initiative and imagination in a wide variety of technical and managerial posts. The work place may be a large company, a small group, a consultancy or a government department, but their scopes are wide. As a Coastal engineer, they are dealing with the dynamic interaction of oceans and its shore by developing shore protection systems like breakwaters, jetties, etc., and designing harbours, ports, etc., and also dealing with civil engineering issues in the coastal environment. As an Offshore engineer, they design structures like steel jacket structures, concrete gravity platforms, tension-leg platforms, etc., which are capable of withstanding the severe ocean environment. As an Environmental Engineer, they have to protect the oceans from the harmful effects of mankind’s activities. Also involve in harvesting and/or utilizing the oceanic resources such as minerals, wave energy, thermal energy and tidal power. Depending mainly on the type of qualifications held and personal inclination, Ocean Engineers may become specialists in one field or develop broad experience in several. Eventually they may find themselves in senior executive positions using their knowledge and experience of general management as well as their professional skills in engineering and project leadership. Indeed, aided by the breadth of their education, training and experience, the professional Naval Architects and Ocean Engineers are even successful in top management positions in government, industry and commerce quite outside the offshore field. Courtesy: Employment News India Source:



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