Aeronautical, Aerospace and Avionics Engineering
Aeronautical engineering is a study about the design and systems of an aircraft. It involves practical and theoretical understanding of materials, assembling parts, testing and maintenance of aircrafts. Professional engineers working in this domain have to be licensed aeronautical engineers. The course also enables students to attain knowledge of advanced technology used in aircrafts travelling in outer space. Aeronautical engineering also covers disciplines like aerodynamics, avionics and propulsion among others. Students pursuing aeronautical engineering can explore opportunities in defence organisations, government research centres, aircraft manufacturing organisations and NASA.
Aerospace is a specialised branch of engineering which deals with the design and development of aircraft's as well as space crafts The course curriculum covers aspects of two branches of engineering - aeronautical and astronautical engineering. The course also focuses on new technologies in aviation, defence systems, and space exploration. The course is offered at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels awarding B.Tech and M.Tech degrees. Aerospace engineers might develop control systems for jet fighters, analyze new materials for spacecraft construction or research propulsion methods for missiles. These experts in mechanics, thermodynamics, robotics and aerodynamics are involved in creating and producing helicopters, military and commercial aircraft, rockets and space exploration craft. They typically have at least a bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering. A master's degree is usually needed for careers in engineering education and research. Aerospace engineers use advanced education and experience in mechanical, electrical, materials or computer engineering disciplines to plan and construct spacecraft and aircraft. When dealing with spacecraft, these professionals are called astronautical engineers. Those who focus on aircraft are called aeronautical engineers. Most aerospace engineers concentrate on a single area of the field, such as propulsion systems, flight mechanics, guidance and control systems, aerodynamics or robotics. They might be involved in research, planning, testing, production or analysis within any of these areas.
Avionics engineers work in the aerospace industry. Their work encompasses tasks related to designing and programming electrical systems on board spacecraft, aircraft and satellites. Avionics engineers provide computer system support for all communication, navigation and guidance systems and perform testing to ensure that those systems are working properly. Working in the aerospace engineering subspecialty field of avionics, avionics engineers design and develop aircraft and spacecraft avionic instrumentation. They also conduct research to address problems associated with flight safety systems, landing gear and electronic navigation systems. Avionics engineers may assist in installing and servicing avionics communications equipment. They ensure that newly installed systems and those that have been repaired meet requirements mandated by the Federal Aviation Administration and specifications set by aircraft manufacturers. They participate in designing, purchasing, testing and calibrating avionic systems such as computer and electronic communication panels.