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Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda

Geography:-Antigua, the larger of the two main islands, is 108 sq mi (280 sq km). The island dependencies of Redonda (an uninhabited rocky islet) and Barbuda (a coral island formerly known as Dulcina) are 0.5 sq mi (1.30 sq km) and 62 sq mi (161 sq km), respectively.

Government:-Constitutional monarchy.

History:-The island of Antigua was explored by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and named for the Church of Santa Maria de la Antigua in Seville. Antigua was colonized by Britain in 1632; Barbuda was first colonized in 1678. Antigua and Barbuda joined the West Indies Federation in 1958. With the breakup of the federation, it became one of the West Indies Associated States in 1967, self-governing its internal affairs. Full independence was granted Nov. 1, 1981. The Bird family has controlled the islands since Vere C. Bird founded the Antigua Labor Party in the mid-1940s. While tourism and financial services have turned the country into one of the more prosperous in the Caribbean, law enforcement officials have charged that Antigua and Barbuda is a major center of money laundering, drug trafficking, and arms smuggling. Several scandals tainted the Bird family, especially the 1995 conviction of Prime Minister Lester Bird's brother, Ivor, for cocaine smuggling. In 2000, Antigua and 35 other offshore banking centers agreed to reforms to prevent money laundering.

Languages:English (official), local dialects Ethnicity/race: black 91%, mixed 4.4%, white 1.7%, other 2.9% Religions: Protestant 76.4% (Anglican 25.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%), Roman Catholic 10.4%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census) National Holiday: Independence Day (National Day), November 1 Literacy rate: 99% (2011 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.61 billion; per capita $18,400 (2013 est.). Real growth rate: 1.7% (2012 est.). Inflation: 3% (2013 est.). Unemployment: 11% (2001 est.). Arable land: 9.09%. Agriculture: cotton, fruits, vegetables, bananas, coconuts, cucumbers, mangoes, sugarcane; livestock. Labor force: 30,000 (1991); agriculture: 3.8%, industry: 22%, services: 74.3% (2002 est.). Industries: tourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances). Natural resources: negl.; pleasant climate fosters tourism. Exports: $55 million (2013 est.): petroleum products 48%, manufactures 23%, machinery and transport equipment 17%, food and live animals 4%, other 8%. Imports: $340.8 million (2013 est.): food and live animals, machinery and transport equipment, manufactures, chemicals, oil. Major trading partners: Poland, UK, Germany, Italy, China, U.S., Singapore, Spain, Trinidad and Tobago (2006). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 35,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 179,800 (2012). Radio broadcast stations: state-controlled Antigua and Barbuda Broadcasting Service (ABS) operates 1 TV station; multi-channel cable TV subscription services are available; ABS operates 1 radio station; roughly 15 radio stations, some broadcasting on multiple frequencies (2007). Television broadcast stations: 2 (1997). Internet hosts: 11,532 (2012). Internet users: 65,000 (2009). Transportation: Highways: total: 1,170 km, paved: 386 km, unpaved: 784 km (2011). Ports and harbors: Saint John's. Airports: 3 (2013). International disputes: none.

एंटीगुआ और बारबुडा:- (Listeni / æntiːɡə ənᵈ bɑːrbjuːdə /; एक-टी-gǝ ǝnd बार-byoo-dǝ;), अमेरिका में एक जुड़वां द्वीप देश है कैरेबियन सागर और अटलांटिक महासागर के बीच झूठ बोल रही है। यह दो प्रमुख बसे हुए द्वीप समूह, एंटीगुआ और बारबुडा, और (महान पक्षी, हरा, गिनी, लांग, प्रथम और यॉर्क द्वीप समूह और आगे दक्षिण, Redonda के द्वीप सहित) छोटे द्वीपों में से एक नंबर के होते हैं। 81800 के बारे में स्थायी आबादी की संख्या (2011 की जनगणना में) और राजधानी और सबसे बड़ा बंदरगाह और शहर सेंट जॉन, एंटीगुआ पर है।

कुछ समुद्री मील की दूरी के द्वारा अलग, एंटीगुआ और बारबुडा मोटे तौर पर 17 डिग्री भूमध्य रेखा के एन लीवार्ड द्वीप समूह, कमजोर एंटीलिज का हिस्सा है, के बीच में हैं। देश का नाम, द्वीप की खोज सेविले कैथेड्रल में ला एंटीगुआ की वर्जिन के सम्मान में होने के बाद 1493 में क्रिस्टोफर कोलंबस द्वारा दिया गया था। देश द्वीपों के आसपास के कई समुद्र तटों के कारण "365 समुद्र तटों की भूमि" उपनाम है। अपने शासन, भाषा, संस्कृति और सभी दृढ़ता से ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य है, जो की देश पूर्व में एक हिस्सा था द्वारा प्रभावित किया गया है।

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