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Geography: The Comoros Islands—Grande Comoro (Ngazidja), Anjouan, Mohéli, and Mayotte (which is not part of the country and retains ties to France)—constitute an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Indian Ocean, 190 mi off the coast of Mozambique.

History: Comoros was frequented by travelers from Africa, Madagascar, Indonesia, and Arabia before the first Europeans encountered the islands. Arabic influence has been the strongest. France colonized Mayotte in 1843 and by 1904 had annexed the remainder of the archipelago. In a 1974 referendum, 95% of the population voted for independence. The exception was Mayotte, which, with its Christian majority, voted against joining the other mainly Islamic islands in independence. Today it remains a French overseas territory. The remaining Comoros Islands declared themselves independent on July 6, 1975, with Ahmed Abdallah as president. A month after independence, he was overthrown by Justice Minister Ali Soilih. This was only the beginning of Comoros's chronic instability: the country has gone through more than 20 coups since independence and has experienced several attempts at secession. Orchestrating at least four of these coups was a group of white mercenaries known as Les Affreux (The Terrible Ones), and their notorious leader, Frenchman “Colonel” Bob Denard. Denard fled Comoros in 1989, when 3,000 French soldiers were sent after him.

Capital :Moroni,National Name: Union des Comores Languages: Arabic and French (both official), Shikomoro (Swahili/Arabic blend) Ethnicity/race: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava National Holiday: Independence Day, July 6 Religions: Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2% Literacy rate: 75.5% (2011 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP: (2013 est.) $911 million; per capita $1,300. Real growth rate: 3.5%. Inflation: 2.5%. Unemployment: 20% (2012 est.). Arable land: 44.06%. Agriculture: vanilla, cloves, perfume essences, copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava (tapioca). Labor force: 233,500 (2011 est.): agriculture 80%, industry and services 20% (1996). Industries: tourism, perfume distillation. Natural resources: negl. Exports: $19.7 million (2011 est.): vanilla, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), cloves, copra. Imports: $208.8 million (2013 est.): rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement, transport equipment. Major trading partners: France, Singapore, Turkey, Kenya, UAE, India, Netherlands, Pakistan (2012). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 24,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 250,000 (2012). Broadcast media: national state-owned TV station and a TV station run by Anjouan regional government; national state-owned radio; regional governments on the islands of Grande Comore and Anjouan each operate a radio station; a few independent and small community radio stations operate on the islands of Grande Comore and Moheli, and these two islands have access to Mayotte Radio and French TV (2007). Internet hosts: 14 (2012). Internet users: 24,300 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 880 km; paved: 673 km; unpaved: 207 km (2002 est.). Ports and harbors: Moroni, Moutsamoudou. Airports: 4 (2013 est.). International disputes: claims French-administered Mayotte and challenges France's and Madagascar's claims to Banc du Geyser, a drying reef in the Mozambique Channel; in May 2008, African Union forces were called in to assist the Comoros military recapture Anjouan Island from rebels who seized it in 2001.



कोमोरोस हिन्द महासागर में अफ़्रीका के पूर्वी छोर पर उत्तरी मैडागास्कर और उत्तर-पूर्व मोज़ाम्बिक के बीच स्थित एक द्वीपीय देश है। यह अफ़्रीका महाद्वीप में क्षेत्रफल की दृष्टि तीसरा सबसे छोटा और जनसंख्या की दृष्टि से छठा सबसे छोटा देश है लेकिन यहाँ जनसंख्या घनत्व बहुत अधिक है। अरब जगत से सम्बन्ध रखने वाले कोमोरोस देश का नाम अरबी भाषा के शब्द क्वामार (चान्द) से निकला है। चार बड़े और अन्य छोटे द्वीपों वाला यह देश पर्यावरण की विविधता के कारण दुनिया में अलग ही स्थान रखता है।




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