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Dominica

Dominica

Geography Dominica (pronounced Dom-in-EEK-a) is a mountainous island of volcanic origin of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean, south of Guadeloupe and north of Martinique.

Government Parliamentary democracy.

History Explored by Columbus in 1493, Dominica was claimed by Britain and France until 1763, when it was formally ceded to Britain. Along with other Windward Isles, it became a self-governing member of the West Indies Associated States in free association with Britain in 1967. Dissatisfaction with the slow pace of reconstruction after Hurricane David devastated the island in Sept. 1979 brought a landslide victory to Mary Eugenia Charles of the Freedom Party in July 1980. The Freedom Party won again in 1985 and 1990. The opposition United Workers' Party won in June 1995. In 1997, Dominica became the first Caribbean country to participate in the work of Green Globe, aiming to make Dominica a model ecotourism destination. Although the island is poorer than some of its Caribbean neighbors, Dominica has a relatively low crime rate and does not have the extremes of wealth and poverty evident on other islands. Economic austerity measures, including higher taxes, were introduced in 2002. Massive protests followed. In parliamentary elections in 2005, Prime Minister Roosevelt Skerrit's Dominica Labour Party won 12 of 21 seats

Capital :Roseau,Languages: English (official) and French patois Ethnicity/race: black 86.8%, mixed 8.9%, Carib Amerindian 2.9%, white 0.8%, other 0.7% (2001 census) National Holiday: Independence Day, November 3 Religions: Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 20.6% (Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census) Literacy rate: 94% (2011 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.015 billion; per capita $14,300. Real growth rate: 1.1%. Inflation:1.8% (2013 est.). Unemployment: 23% (2000 est.). Arable land: 7%. Labor force: 25,000 (2000 est); agriculture 40%, industry and commerce 32%, services 28%. Agriculture: bananas, citrus, mangoes, root crops, coconuts, cocoa; forest and fishery potential not exploited. Industries: soap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes. Natural resources: timber, hydropower, arable land. Exports: $40.4 million (2013 est.): bananas, soap, bay oil, vegetables, grapefruit, oranges. Imports: $219.6 million (2013 est.): manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, food, chemicals. Major trading partners: Jamaica, Antigua and Barbuda, Guyana, Japan, Trinidad and Tobago, U.S., China, Guyana (2012). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 14,600 (2012); mobile cellular: 109,300 (2012). Broadcast media: no terrestrial TV service available; subscription cable TV provider offers some locally produced programming plus channels from the US, Latin America, and the Caribbean; state-operated radio broadcasts on 6 stations; privately owned radio broadcasts on about 15 stations (2007). Internet hosts: 723 (2012). Internet users: 28,000 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Roadways: total: 1.512 km; paved: 762 km; unpaved: 750 km (2010 est.). Ports and harbors: Portsmouth, Roseau. Airports: 2 (2013 est.). International disputes: Dominica is the only Caribbean state to challenge Venezuela's sovereignty claim over Aves Island and joins the other island nations in challenging whether the feature sustains human habitation, a criterion under the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which permits Venezuela to extend its Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf claims over a large portion of the eastern Caribbean Sea.

राजधानी  रुसाउ

डॉमिनिका हा कॅरिबियनच्या लेसर अँटिल्स भौगोलिक प्रदेशामधील एक लहान द्वीप देश आहे. हा देश कॅरिबियन समुद्रामध्ये ग्वादेलोपच्या दक्षिणेस व मार्टिनिकच्या उत्तरेस ७५० चौरस किमीक्षेत्रफळाच्या बेटावर वसला असून २००१ साली येथील लोकसंख्या केवळ ७१,२९३ इतकी होती. रुसाउ ही डॉमिनिकाची राजधानी व सर्वात मोठे शहर आहे.क्रिस्तोफर कोलंबसने हे बेट ३ नोव्हेंबर १४९२ रोजी शोधुन काढले व त्याला ह्या दिवसाचे (रविवार, लॅटिनमध्ये: dominica) नाव दिले. त्यानंतर अनेक शतके येथे फारशी वस्ती नव्हती. फ्रान्सने१७६३ साली हे बेट ब्रिटनच्या स्वाधीन केले. ब्रिटनने येथे एक छोटी वसाहत स्थापन केली. ३ नोव्हेंबर १९७८ रोजी डॉमिनिकाला स्वातंत्र्य मिळाले. सध्या डॉमिनिका राष्ट्रकुल परिषदेचा सदस्य असून येथे सांसदीय लोकशाही अस्तित्वात आहे. ह्या भागातील प्रजासत्ताक असणाऱ्या कमी देशांपैकी डॉमिनिका एक आहे.येथील नैसर्गिक सौंदर्यामुळे पर्यटन हा डोमिनिकामधील सर्वात मोठा उद्योग आहे. येथील दरडोई उत्पन्न कॅरिबियनमधील इतर देशांच्या तुलनेत बरेच कमी आहे.

 

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