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El Salvador

El Salvador

Geography: Situated on the Pacific coast of Central America, El Salvador has Guatemala to the west and Honduras to the north and east. It is the smallest of the Central American countries, with an area equal to that of Massachusetts, and it is the only one without an Atlantic coastline. Most of the country is on a fertile volcanic plateau about 2,000 ft (607 m) high.

History: The Pipil Indians, descendants of the Aztecs, likely migrated to the region in the 11th century. In 1525, Pedro de Alvarado, a lieutenant of Cortés's, conquered El Salvador. El Salvador, with the other countries of Central America, declared its independence from Spain on Sept. 15, 1821, and was part of a federation of Central American states until that union dissolved in 1838. For decades after its independence, El Salvador experienced numerous revolutions and wars against other Central American republics. From 1931 to 1979 El Salvador was ruled by a series of military dictatorships. In 1969, El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported several thousand Salvadorans. The four-day war became known as the “football war” because it broke out during a soccer game between the two countries.

Capital :San Salvador,National name: República de El Salvador Languages: Spanish, Nahua (among some Amerindians) Ethnicity/race: mestizo 86.3%, white 12.7%, Amerindian 1% (2007 census) National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15 Religions: Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.) Literacy rate: 84.5% (2010 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $47.47 billion; per capita $7,500. Real growth rate: 1.6%. Inflation:0.9%. Unemployment: 6.3%. Arable land: 31.61%. Agriculture: coffee, sugar, corn, rice, beans, oilseed, cotton, sorghum; beef, dairy products; shrimp. Labor force: 2.738 million; agriculture 21%, industry 10%, services 58% (2007 est.). Industries: food processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals. Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $5.112 billion (2013 est.): offshore assembly exports, coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity. Imports: $10.03 billion (2013 est.): raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, foodstuffs, petroleum, electricity. Major trading partners:U.S., Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Mexico, Germany, China (2012). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.06 million (2012); mobile cellular: 8.65 million (2012).Broadcast media: multiple privately owned national terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by cable TV networks that carry international channels; hundreds of commercial radio broadcast stations and 1 government-owned radio broadcast station (2007). Internet hosts: 24,070 (2012). Internet users: 746,000 (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 283 km; note: railways not in operation since 2005 because of disuse and lack of maintenance due to high costs (2008). Roadways: total: 6,918 km; paved: 3,247 km (including 341 km of expressways); unpaved: 3,671 km (2010 est.). Waterways: Rio Lempa partially navigable (2011). Ports and harbors: Acajutla, Puerto Cutuco. Airports: 68 (2013). International disputes: in 1992, the ICJ ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras boundary, but despite OAS intervention and a further ICJ ruling in 2003, full demarcation of the border remains stalled; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca advocating Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not identified in the ICJ decision, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca.

राजधानी: सान साल्वाडोर

एल साल्वाडोर (स्पैनिश:República de El Salvador) मध्य अमेरिका में स्थित सबसे छोटा और सबसे सघन आबादी वाला देश है। ग्वाटेमाला और हॉण्डुरास के बीच इसकी सीमाएं प्रशांत महासागर से मिलती है। यह फोंसेका खाड़ी पर स्थित है, जिस तरह निकारागुआ दक्षिण की ओर मिलती है। 21,000 वर्ग किमी क्षेत्र में फैले इस देश की आबादी लगभग 68 लाख (जुलाई 2008 की जनगणना) है। राजधानी सान साल्वाडोर देश का सबसे महत्वपूर्ण महानगर है। एल साल्वाडोर ने अपनी मुद्रा कोलोन को खत्म कर वर्ष 2001 में अमेरिकी डॉलर को अपना लिया है। देश की एक चौथाई आबादी $ 2 एक दिन से भी कम पर गुजर-बसर करती है।





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