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Geography Georgia is bordered by the Black Sea in the west, by Turkey and Armenia in the south, by Azerbaijan in the east, and Russia in the north. The republic also includes the Abkhazia and Ajara autonomous republics and South Ossetia.

History Georgia became a kingdom about 4 B.C. and Christianity was introduced in A.D. 337. During the reign of Queen Tamara (1184–1213), its territory included the whole of Transcaucasia. During the 13th century, Tamerlane and the Mongols decimated its population. From the 16th century on, the country was the scene of a struggle between Persia and Turkey. In the 18th century, it became a vassal to Russia in exchange for protection from the Turks and Persians. Georgia joined Azerbaijan and Armenia in 1917 to establish the anti-Bolshevik Transcaucasian Federation, and upon its dissolution in 1918, Georgia proclaimed its independence. In 1922, Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan were annexed by the USSR and formed the Transcaucasian Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1936, Georgia became a separate Soviet republic. Under Soviet rule, the country was transformed from an agrarian to a largely industrial, urban society.

Capital:Tbilisi,National name: Sak'art'velo Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia) Ethnicity/race: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002) Religions: Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census) Literacy rate: 99.7% (2012 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $34.27 billion; per capita $7,700. Real growth rate: 5%. Inflation:3.3%. Unemployment: 14.9% (2011 est.). Arable land: 5.76%. Agriculture: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.959 million (2011 est.); industry 8.9%, agriculture 55.6%, services 35.5% (2006 est.). Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine. Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth. Exports: $4.493 billion (2014 est.): scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine. Imports: $8.328 billion (2014 est.): fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Armenia, UK, Azerbaijan, Germany, Japan, Ukraine, China, U.S. (2013). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.276 million (2012); mobile cellular: 4.699 million (2012). Broadcast media: 1 public broadcaster in Tbilisi, 1 state-owned broadcaster in Ajaria Autonomous Republic; 8 privately owned TV stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 TV stations; dozens of cable TV operators, several major commercial TV stations, and several dozen private radio stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 radio stations (2012). Internet hosts: 357,864 (2012). Internet users: 1.3 million (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 1,612 km (2008). Roadways: total: 19,109 km (2010). Ports and harbors:Bat'umi, P'ot'i. Airports: 22 (2013). International disputes: Russia's military support and subsequent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence in 2008 continue to sour relations with Georgia.

राजधानी थ्बिलीसी

जॉर्जिया  यूरोप में स्थित एक देश है।ट्रांसकाकेशिया क्षेत्र के केंद्रवर्ती तथा पश्चिमी अंश में कृष्ण सागर के दक्षिण-पूर्वी तट पर स्थित एक राज्य है। सन् 1991 तक यह जॉर्जियाई सोवियत समाजवादी गणतंत्र के रूप में सोवियत संघ के 15 गणतंत्रों में से एक था। जॉर्जिया की सीमा उत्तर में रूस से, पूर्व में अज़रबैजान से और दक्षिण में आर्मीनिया तथा तुर्की से मिलती है।





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