Geography:Grenada (the first “a” is a long vowel) is the most southerly of the Windward Islands, about 100 mi (161 km) from the Venezuelan coast. It is a volcanic island traversed by a mountain range, the highest peak of which is Mount St. Catherine (2,756 ft; 840 m).
Government:Constitutional monarchy.A governor-general represents the sovereign, Elizabeth II.
History :The Arawak Indians were the first to inhabit Grenada, but they were all eventually massacred by the Carib Indians. When Columbus arrived in 1498, he encountered the Caribs, who continued to rule over the island for another 150 years. The French gained control of the island in 1672 and held on to it until 1762, when the British invaded. Black slaves were granted freedom in 1833. After more than 200 years of British rule, most recently as part of the West Indies Associated States, Grenada became independent on Feb. 7, 1974, with Eric M. Gairy as prime minister. In 1979, the Marxist New Jewel Movement staged a coup, and its leader, Maurice Bishop, became prime minister. Bishop, a protégé of Cuba's President Castro, was killed in a military coup on Oct. 19, 1983.
Capital: St. George's,Languages: English (official), French patois Ethnicity/race: black 82%, mixed black and European 13%, European and East Indian 5%, and trace of Arawak/Carib Amerindian Religions: Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2% National Holiday: Independence Day, February 7 Literacy rate: 96% (2003 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.458 billion; per capita $13,800. Real growth rate: 0.8%. Inflation:2.4%. Unemployment: 33.5% (2013). Arable land: 8.82%. Agriculture: bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, mace, citrus, avocados, root crops, sugarcane, corn, vegetables. Labor force: 59,900 (2013); services 69%, agriculture 11%, industry 20% 2008 est.). Industries: food and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction.Natural resources: timber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors. Exports: $40.5 million (2012 est.): bananas, cocoa, nutmeg, fruit and vegetables, clothing, mace. Imports: $297 million (2012): food, manufactured goods, machinery, chemicals, fuel. Major trading partners: Nigeria, St. Lucia, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis,U.S., Dominica, Switzerland, Trinidad and Tobago, China (2012). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 28,500 (2012); mobile cellular: 128,000 (2012). Broadcast media:the Grenada Broadcasting Network, jointly owned by the government and the Caribbean Communications Network of Trinidad and Tobago, operates a TV station and 2 radio stations; multi-channel cable TV subscription service is available; a dozen private radio stations also broadcast (2007) Internet hosts: 80 (2012). Internet users:25,000 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Roadways: total: 1,127 km; paved: 687 km; unpaved: 440 km (1999 est.). Ports and harbors: Saint George's. Airports: 3 (2013). International disputes: none.
राजधानी सेंट जॉर्ज
ग्रेनाडा दक्षिण पूर्वी कैरेबियन सागर में ग्रेनेडियन्स के के दक्षिणी छोर पर स्थित एक संप्रभु द्वीप देश है, जो ग्रेनाडा द्वीप और छह छोटे द्वीपों से मिलकर बना है। ग्रेनेडा त्रिनिदाद और टोबैगो के उत्तरपश्चिम,वेनेजुएला के उत्तर-पूर्व और सेंट विंसेंट और द ग्रेनाडाइन्स के दक्षिण पश्चिम में स्थित है। 344 वर्ग किमी में फैले इस देश की अनुमानित जनसंख्या 110,000 है। इसकी राजधानी सेंट जॉर्ज है।