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Geography Honduras, in the north-central part of Central America, has a Caribbean as well as a Pacific coastline. Guatemala is to the west, El Salvador to the south, and Nicaragua to the east. The second-largest country in Central America, Honduras is slightly larger than Tennessee. Generally mountainous, the country is marked by fertile plateaus, river valleys, and narrow coastal plains.

Government Democratic constitutional republic.

History During the first millennium, Honduras was inhabited by the Maya. Columbus explored the country in 1502. Honduras, with four other Central American nations, declared its independence from Spain in 1821 to form a federation of Central American states. In 1838, Honduras left the federation and became independent. Political unrest rocked Honduras in the early 1900s, resulting in an occupation by U.S. Marines. Dictator Gen. Tiburcio Carias Andino established a strong government in 1932. In 1969, El Salvador invaded Honduras after Honduran landowners deported several thousand Salvadorans. Five thousand people ultimately died in what is called “the football war” because it broke out during a soccer game between the two countries. By threatening economic sanctions and military intervention, the Organization of American States (OAS) induced El Salvador to withdraw.

Capital :Tegucigalpa,National name: República de Honduras Languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian dialects; English widely spoken in business Ethnicity/race: mestizo 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1% Religions: Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3% National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15 Literacy rate: 85.1% (2011 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $39.23 billion; per capita $4,800. Real growth rate: 2.8%. Inflation:5.2%. Unemployment: 4.5%. Arable land: 9.07%. Agriculture: bananas, coffee, citrus; beef; timber; shrimp. Labor force: 3.507 million (2013 est.); agriculture 39.2%, industry 20.9%, services 39.8%. Industries: sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products. Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower. Exports: $7.881 billion (2013 est.): apparel, coffee, shrimp, automobile wire harnesses, cigars, bananas, gold, palm oil, fruit, lobster, lumber. Imports: $11.34 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., Germany, Belgium, Nicaragua, Mexico, El Salvador, Guatemala, China, Costa Rica (2012). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 610,000 (2012); mobile cellular: 7.37 million (2012). Broadcast media: multiple privately-owned terrestrial TV networks, supplemented by multiple cable TV networks; Radio Honduras is the lone government-owned radio network; roughly 300 privately-owned radio stations (2007). Internet hosts: 30,955 (2012). Internet users: 731,700 (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 44 km (2012). Roadways: total: 14,742 km; paved: 3,367 km; unpaved: 11,375 km (2012 est.). Waterways: 465 km (most navigable only by small craft) (2012). Ports and harbors: La Ceiba, Puerto Cortes, San Lorenzo, Tela. Airports: 103 (2013). International disputes: International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled on the delimitation of "bolsones" (disputed areas) along the El Salvador-Honduras border in 1992 with final settlement by the parties in 2006 after an Organization of American States survey and a further ICJ ruling in 2003; the 1992 ICJ ruling advised a tripartite resolution to a maritime boundary in the Gulf of Fonseca with consideration of Honduran access to the Pacific; El Salvador continues to claim tiny Conejo Island, not mentioned in the ICJ ruling, off Honduras in the Gulf of Fonseca; Honduras claims the Belizean-administered Sapodilla Cays off the coast of Belize in its constitution, but agreed to a joint ecological park around the cays should Guatemala consent to a maritime corridor in the Caribbean under the OAS-sponsored 2002 Belize-Guatemala Differendum.


राजधानी टेगुसिगलपा

हौन्डुरस मध्य अमेरिका में स्थित देश है। पूर्व में ब्रिटिश हौन्डुरस (अब बेलीज़) से अलग पहचान के लिए इसे स्पेनी हौन्डुरस के नाम से जाना जाता था। देश की सीमा पश्चिम में ग्वाटेमाला, दक्षिण पश्चिम मेंअल साल्वाडोर, दक्षिणपूर्व में निकारागुआ, दक्षिण में प्रशांत महासागर से फोंसेका की खाड़ी और उत्तर में हॉण्डुरास की खाडी से कैरेबियन सागर से मिलती है। इसकी राजधानी टेगुसिगलपा है।

== उदगम =रामायण कालीन राष्ट्र /हिन्दू राष्ट्र /होंडुरस /अहिरावण का देश जहां हनुमान जी गए


होंडुरास ( MADHYA AMERICA ) में है रामायण काल का 'पाताल लोक पाताल लोक। पौराणिक कथाओं में पाताल लोक का जिक्र बार-बार मिलता है, लेकिन सवाल ये है कि क्या पाताल लोक काल्पनिक है या इसका वजूद भी है? रामायण की कथा के मुताबिक पवनपुत्र हनुमान पाताल लोक तक पहुंचे थे। रामभक्त हनुमान अपने ईष्ट देव को अहिरावण के चंगुल से बचाने के लिए एक सुरंग से पाताल लोक पहुंचे थे।वैज्ञानिकों ने मध्य अमेरिका महाद्वीप के होंडुरास में सियूदाद ब्लांका नाम के एक गुम प्राचीन शहर की खोज की है। वैज्ञानिकों ने इस शहर को आधुनिक लाइडर तकनीक से खोज निकाला




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