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Kosovo

Kosovo

Kosovo is a disputed territory and partially recognised state in Southeast Europe that declared independence from Serbia in February 2008 as the Republic of Kosovo. Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. While Serbia recognises administration of the territory by Kosovo's elected government,it still continues to claim it as its own Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija.In antiquity, the Dardanian Kingdom, and later the Roman province of Dardania was located in the region. In the Middle Ages, it was part of the Byzantine Empire,Bulgarian Empire and Serbia, and many consider the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history. After being part of theOttoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century, in the late 19th century Kosovo became the centre of the Albanian independence movement with the League of Prizren. As a result of the defeat in the First Balkan War (1912–13), the Ottoman Empire ceded the Vilayet of Kosovo to the Balkan League; the Kingdom of Serbia took its larger part, while the Kingdom of Montenegro annexed the western part before both countries joined the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. After a period ofYugoslav unitarianism in the Kingdom, the post-World War II Yugoslav constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia.Long-term ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian and Serb populations left the province ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, culminating in the Kosovo War of 1998–99, part of the wider regional Yugoslav Wars.The war ended with a military intervention of NATO, which forced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw its troops from Kosovo, which became a UN protectorate under UNSCR 1244. On 17 February 2008 Kosovo's Parliament declared independence. It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by 110 UN member states and Taiwan. Serbia refuses to recognise Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013 it has accepted the legitimacy of Kosovo institutions. The constituent peoples of Kosovo are Kosovo Albanians, who make up majority of the population, and Kosovo Serbs.The country is poor by European standards with high unemployment, still not having fully recovered from the past conflict.

Capital: Pristina, National name: Republic of Kosovo Languages: Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma Ethnicity/race: Albanians 92%, other (Serb, Bosniak, Gorani, Roma, Turk, Ashkali, Egyptian) 8% (2008) Religion: Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic Literacy rate: 91.9% (2007 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP $14.11 billion (2013 est.); per capita: $7,600 (2013 est.). Real growth rate: 2.5%. Inflation: 1.8% (2013 est.). Unemployment: 30.9% (2013 est.). Labor force: 800,000 (2011 est.), agriculture 23.6%. Natural resources: nickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite. Exports: $408 million (2013): scrap metals, mining and processed metal products, plastics, wood. Imports: $3.398 billion (2013): petroleum, foodstuffs, machinery and electrical equipment. Major trading partners: Italy, Albania, Macedonia, China, Germany, Switzerland, Turkey, Serbia (2012). International disputes: Serbia with several other states protest the US and other states' recognition of Kosovo's declaration of its status as a sovereign and independent state in February 2008; ethnic Serbian municipalities along Kosovo's northern border challenge final status of Kosovo-Serbia boundary; several thousand NATO-led Kosovo Force peacekeepers under United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo authority continue to keep the peace within Kosovo between the ethnic Albanian majority and the Serb minority in Kosovo; Kosovo and Macedonia completed demarcation of their boundary in September 2008.

राजधानी: प्रिस्टीना,

कोसोवो बाल्कन क्षेत्र में स्थित एक विवादास्पद क्षेत्र है। यह स्वघोषित राज्य कोसोवो गणराज्य द्वारा नियंत्रित है, जिसका कमोबेश पूरे क्षेत्र पर नियंत्रण है, केवल कुछ सर्ब क्षेत्र को छोड़कर। सर्बिया संविधान (2006) के अंतर्गत सर्बिया कोसोवो को स्वतंत्र राष्ट्र के रूप में मान्यता नहीं देता, बल्कि उसे अपने संप्रभु क्षेत्र के अंतर्गत संयुक्त राष्ट्र शासित क्षेत्र, कोसोवो और मेतोहिजा स्वशासी प्रान्त मानता है।

इस विवाद के बावजूद कोसोवो एक लैंडलॉक (चारो ओर जमीन से घिरा) देश है, जिसके उत्तर और पूर्व में सर्बिया स्थित है, दक्षिण में मेसाडोनिया गणराज्य, पश्चिम में अल्बानिया और उत्तरपश्चिम में मोन्टेग्रोस्थित है। कोसोवो की राजधानी और सबसे बड़ा शहर प्रिस्टिना है। अन्य बड़े शहरों में पेक, प्रेजरन, जाकोवा और मित्रोविका शामिल हैं।

 

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