You are here: India / world Countries of the World



Geography :Macedonia is a landlocked state in the heart of the Balkans and is slightly smaller than the state of Vermont. It is a mountainous country with small basins of agricultural land. The Vardar is the largest and most important river.

Government: Parliamentary democracy.

History: The Republic of Macedonia occupies the western half of the ancient Kingdom of Macedonia. Historic Macedonia was defeated by Rome and became a Roman province in 148 B.C. After the Roman Empire was divided in A.D. 395, Macedonia was intermittently ruled by the Byzantine Empire until Turkey took possession of the land in 1371. The Ottoman Turks dominated Macedonia for the next five centuries, until 1913. During the 19th and 20th centuries, there was a constant struggle by the Balkan powers to possess Macedonia for its economic wealth and its strategic military corridors. The Treaty of San Stefano in 1878, ending the Russo-Turkish War, gave the largest part of Macedonia to Bulgaria. Bulgaria lost much of its Macedonian territory when it was defeated by the Greeks and Serbs in the Second Balkan War of 1913. Most of Macedonia went to Serbia and the remainder was divided among Greece and Bulgaria.

Capital: Skopje,National Name: Republika Makedonija Languages: Macedonian (official) 66.5%, Albanian (official) 25.1%, Turkish 3.5%, Roma 1.9%, Serbian 1.2%, other 1.8% (2002 census) Ethnicity/race: Macedonian 64.2%, Albanian 25.2%, Turkish 3.9%, Roma (Gypsy) 2.7%, Serb 1.8%, other 2.2% (2002 census) Religions: Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census) National Holiday: Ilinden Uprising Day, August 2 Literacy rate: 97.4% (2010 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP(2013 est.): $22.57 billion; per capita $10,800. Real growth rate: 3.1%.Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment:28.6%. Arable land: 16.1%. Agriculture: grapes, wine, tobacco, vegetables; milk, eggs. Labor force:960,700 (2013 est.); agriculture 18.8%, industry 27.5%., services 53.7%. Industries: food processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals. Natural resources: low-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land. Exports: $4.267 billion (2013 est.): food, beverages, tobacco; miscellaneous manufactures, iron and steel; automotive parts. Imports: $6.6 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, automobiles, chemicals, fuels, food products. Major trading partners: Germany, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Italy, Turkey, U.K., Serbia, China, Kosovo (2011). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 407,900 (2012); mobile cellular: 2.235 million (2012). Broadcast media: public TV broadcaster operates 3 national channels and a satellite network; 5 privately-owned TV channels broadcast nationally using terrestrial transmitters and about 15 broadcast on national level via satellite; roughly 75 local commercial TV stations; large number of cable operators offering domestic and international programming; public radio broadcaster operates over multiple stations; 3 privately-owned radio stations broadcast nationally; about 70 local commercial radio stations (2012).Internet Service Providers (ISPs):62,826 (2012). Internet users: 1.057 million (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 699 km (2002). Roadways: total: 14,038 km (including 259 km of expressways); (2012 est.).Waterways: none, lake transport only. Ports and terminals: none. Airports:10 (2013). International disputes: Kosovo and Macedonia completed demarcation of their boundary in September 2008; Greece continues to reject the use of the name Macedonia or Republic of Macedonia.

राजधानी: स्कोप्जे,

मैसिडोनिया (मैसिडोनियाई : Република Македонија), आधिकारिक रूप से मैसिडोनिया गणराज्य दक्षिणी यूरोप के मध्य बाल्कन प्रायद्वीप पर स्थित एक देश है। यह कभी यूगोस्लाविया का भाग हुआ करता था, जिससे 1991 में इसने स्वतंत्रता की घोषणा की। यह 1993 में संयुक्त राष्ट्र का सदस्य बना, लेकिन यूनान के साथ नाम के विवाद की वजह से इसे पूर्व यूगोस्लाव गणराज्य मैसिडोनिया (FYROM) के अस्थाई नाम से प्रवेश दिया गया।

यह एक लैंडलॉक देश है, जिसकी सीमा उत्तरपश्चिम में कोसोवो, उत्तर में सर्बिया, पूर्व में बुल्गारिया, दक्षिण में ग्रीस और पश्चिम में अल्बानिया से मिलती है। इसकी राजधानी स्कोप्जे है, अन्य शहरों में बितोला, कुमानोवा, प्रिलिप, ओहरिड, वेलेस, स्टिप, कोकानी, गोस्तिवार और स्त्रूमिका शामिल हैं। यहां 50 से ज्यादा झीलें और 2000 मीटर (6,562 फीट) से ऊंचे 16 पर्वत हैं। मैसिडोनिया संयुक्त राष्ट्र और यूरोप के परिषद का सदस्य है। दिसंबर 2005 से यह यूरोपीय संघ में शामिल होने के लिए उम्मीदवार है, इसके अलावा नाटो सदस्यता के लिए भी आवेदन दिया हुआ है। यहां की मैसिडोनियाई भाषा और अल्बानियाई भाषा मुख्य- और राजभाषाएँ हैं।




प्रतियोगी परीक्षा के लिए कौन सा प्लेटफार्म सबसे अच्छा है?

  • ऑनलाइन
  • ऑफलाइन
  • कह नहीं सकते