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Malta

Malta

Geography: The five Maltese islands—Malta, Gozo, Comino, Comminotto, and Filflawith—have a combined land area smaller than Philadelphia. Malta is located in the Mediterranean Sea, about 60 mi (97 km) south of the southeast tip of Sicily.

Government: Republic.

History: The strategic importance of Malta was recognized by the Phoenicians, who occupied it, as did, in turn, the Greeks, Carthaginians, and Romans. The apostle Paul was shipwrecked there in A.D. 60. With the division of the Roman Empire in A.D. 395, Malta was assigned to the eastern portion dominated by Constantinople. Between 870 and 1090, it came under Arab rule. In 1091, the Norman noble Roger I, then ruler of Sicily, came to Malta with a small retinue and defeated the Arabs. The Knights of St. John (Malta), who obtained the three habitable Maltese islands of Malta, Gozo, and Comino from Charles V in 1530, reached their highest fame when they withstood an attack by superior Turkish forces in 1565. Napoléon seized Malta in 1798, but the French forces were ousted by British troops the next year, and British rule was confirmed by the Treaty of Paris in 1814.

Capital: Valletta,National name: Repubblika ta' Malta Languages: Maltese (official) 90.1%, English (official) 6%, multilingual 3%, other 0.9% (2005 est.) Ethnicity/race: Maltese (descendants of ancient Carthaginians and Phoenicians, with strong elements of Italian and other Mediterranean stock) Religion: Roman Catholic (official) more than 90% (2011 est.) National Holiday: Independence Day, September 21 Literacy rate: 92.4% (2005 census) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $11.22 billion; per capita $29,200. Real growth rate: 2.4%. Inflation:1%. Unemployment: 6.4%. Arable land: 28.12%. Agriculture: potatoes, cauliflower, grapes, wheat, barley, tomatoes, citrus, cut flowers, green peppers; pork, milk, poultry, eggs. Labor force: 190,000; agriculture 1.4%, industry 22.27%, services 76.4%. Industries: tourism, electronics, shipbuilding and repair, construction, food and beverages, textiles, footwear, clothing, tobacco. Natural resources: limestone, salt, arable land. Exports: $5.105 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment, manufactures. Imports: $7.436 billion (2013 est.): machinery and transport equipment, manufactured and semimanufactured goods; food, drink, tobacco. Major trading partners:U.S., France, Singapore, UK, Germany, Italy, Libya, Russia (2013). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 229,700 (2012); mobile cellular: 539,500 (2012). Broadcast media: 2 publicly owned TV stations, Television Malta (TVM) broadcasting nationally plus an educational channel; several privately owned national television stations, two of which are owned by political parties; Italian and British broadcast programs are available; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services are available; publicly owned radio broadcaster operates 1 station; roughly 20 commercial radio stations (2011). Internet Service Providers (ISPs):14,754 (2012). Internet users: 240,600 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Roadways: total: 3,096 km; paved: 2,704 km; unpaved: 392 km (2008). Ports and harbors: Marsaxlokk, Valletta. Airports: 1 (2013). International disputes: none.

 राजधानी: वलेत्ता 

माल्टा (en:Malta, माल्टीस : Repubblika ta' Malta (Republic of Malta)यूरोपीय महाद्वीप में स्थित एक विकसित द्वीप देश है। इसकी राजधानी वलेत्ता है। इसकी मुख्य- और राजभाषाएँ माल्टाई भाषा और अंग्रेज़ी भाषा हैं।

 

 

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