Geography :The Marshall Islands, east of the Carolines, are divided into two chains: the western, or Ralik, group, including the atolls Jaluit, Kwajalein, Wotho, Bikini, and Eniwetok; and the eastern, or Ratak, group, including the atolls Mili, Majuro, Maloelap, Wotje, and Likiep. The islands are of coral reef types and rise only a few feet above sea level. The Marshall Islands comprise an area slightly larger than Washington, DC.
Government: Constitutional government in free association with the U.S.
History: Micronesian peoples were the first inhabitants of the archipelago. The islands were explored by the Spanish in the 16th century and were named for a British captain in 1788. Germany unsuccessfully attempted to colonize the islands in 1885. Japan claimed them in 1914, but after several battles during World War II, the U.S. seized them from the Japanese. In 1947, the UN made the island group, along with the Mariana and Caroline archipelagos, a U.S. trust territory.
Capital: Majuro,Languages: Marshallese (official) 98.2%, other languages 1.8% (1999 census) note: English (official), widely spoken as a second language Ethnicity/race: Marshallese 92.1%, mixed Marshallese 5.9%, other 2% (2006) Religions: Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census) National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 1 Literacy rate: 93.7% (1999) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.): $475.4 million; per capita $8,700. Real growth rate: 2.3%. Inflation:12.9%. Unemployment: 36%. Arable land: 11.11%. Agriculture: coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits; pigs, chickens. Labor force: 10,480 (2011 est); agriculture 11%, industry 16.3%, services 72.7% (2011). Industries: copra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls. Natural resources:coconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals. Exports: $50.14 million (2011): copra cake, coconut oil, handicrafts, fish. Imports: $118.7 million (2011): foodstuffs, machinery and equipment, fuels, beverages, and tobacco. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, Australia, China, New Zealand, Singapore, Fiji, Philippines (2004). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4,400 (2010); mobile cellular: 3,800 (2010). Broadcast media:no TV broadcast station; a cable network is available on Majuro with programming via videotape replay and satellite relays; 4 radio broadcast stations; American Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) provides satellite radio and television service to Kwajalein Atoll (2009). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 3 (2012). Internet users:2,200 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Roadways: total: 2,028 (includes 75 km of expressways). Ports and harbors:Enitwetak Island, Kwajalein, Majuro. Airports: 15 (2013). International disputes: claims U.S. territory of Wake Island.
मार्शल द्वीपसमूह , आधिकारिक रूप में मार्शल द्वीपसमूह गणराज्य (RMI), प्रशांत महासागर के मध्य एक माइक्रोनेशियाई राष्ट्र है। इसकी जनसंख्या ६२०० व्यक्ति मात्र है। यह नाउरु और कीरीबाती के उत्तर में, माइक्रोनेशिया के पूर्व में, स्थित है।