You are here: India / world Countries of the World

Micronesia

Micronesia

Geography: The Federated States of Micronesia is composed of the island states of Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei (Ponape), and Kosrae, all in the Caroline Islands. The islands vary geologically from high mountainous islands to low coral atolls, with volcanic outcroppings on Pohnpei, Kosrae, and Chuuk. They are located 3,200 mi (5,150 km) west-southwest of Hawaii, in the north Pacific Ocean.

Government: Constitutional government in free association with the United States since Nov. 1986.

History :The islands, inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples, were colonized by Spain in the 17th century. Germany purchased them from Spain in 1898. They were occupied by the Japanese in 1914, but American forces seized them from the Japanese during World War II. On April 2, 1947, the United Nations Security Council created the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. The trust placed the Northern Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands under the administration of the United States.

Capital:Palikir,Languages: English (official and common language), Chuukese, Kosrean, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi Ethnicity/race: Chuukese/Mortlockese 49.3%, Pohnpeian 29.8%, Kosraean 6.3%, Yapese 5.7%, Yap outer islanders 5.1%, Polynesian 1.6%, Asian 1.4%, other 0.8% (2010 est.) Religions: Roman Catholic 54.7%, Protestant 41.1% (includes Congregational 38.5%, Baptist 1.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 0.8%, Assembly of God .7%), Mormon 1.5%, other 1.9%, none 0.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.) National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 10 Literacy rate: 89% (1980 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $754 million; note: data are in 2013 US dollars; GDP supplemented by grant aid, averaging perhaps $100 million annually; per capita $7,300 (2013 est.). Real growth rate: 0.6%. Inflation:3.4%. Unemployment: 22% (2000 est.). Arable land: 2.86%. Agriculture: black pepper, tropical fruits and vegetables, coconuts, cassava (tapioca), betel nuts, sweet potatoes; pigs, chickens; fish. Labor force: 15,920 (2011); agriculture: 0.9%, industry: 20.6%, services: 78.5%; note: two-thirds are government employees (2011 est.). Industries: tourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls. Natural resources: forests, marine products, deep-seabed minerals. Exports: $24.9 million (2009 est.): fish, garments, bananas, black pepper. Imports: $132.7 million (2004 est.): food, manufactured goods, machinery and equipment, beverages. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Hong Kong, Guam (2006). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 8,400 (2012); mobile cellular: 27,600 (2012). Broadcast media:no TV broadcast stations; each state has a multi-channel cable service with TV transmissions carrying roughly 95% imported programming and 5% local programming; about a half dozen radio stations (2009). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4,668 (2012). Internet users: 17,000 (2009). Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 240 km; paved: 42 km; unpaved: 198 km (2000 est.). Ports and harbors: Colonia (Tomil Harbor), Lele Harbor, Pohnepi Harbor. Airports: 6 (2013). International disputes: none.

राजधानी: पालिकिर,

संघीकृत राज्य माइक्रोनेशिया (Federated States of Micronesia), एक स्वतन्त्र, सम्प्रभु द्वीपीय राष्ट्र है, जो पश्चिम से पूर्व तक चार राज्यों से मिलकर बना है: यापचूकपोह्न्पेई और कोस्राए। यह कुल मिलाकर ६०७ छोटे द्वीपों से मिलकर बना है जो पश्चिमी प्रशान्त महासागर में २,७०० किमी तक फैले हैं।

 

 

Advertisements


Poll

सरकारी स्कूलों में गिरती छात्र संख्या के लिए कौन जिम्मेदार है ?

  • सरकार
  • शिक्षक
  • अभिभावक
  • छात्र
  • सरकार/शिक्षक/अभिभावक