Geography: Monaco is a tiny, hilly wedge driven into the French Mediterranean coast; it is 9 mi east of Nice, France.
Government: Constitutional monarchy.
History: The Phoenicians, and after them the Greeks, had a temple on the Monacan headland honoring Hercules. The principality took its name from Monoikos, the Greek surname for this mythological hero. After being independent for 800 years, Monaco was annexed to France in 1793 and placed under Sardinia's protection in 1815. By the Franco-Monegasque treaty of 1861, Monaco went under French guardianship but continued to be independent. A treaty made with France in 1918 contained a clause providing that, in the event that the male Grimaldi dynasty should die out, Monaco would become an autonomous state under French protection. Monaco has a tourist business that attracts as many as 1.5 million visitors a year and is famous for its beaches and casinos, especially world-famous Monte Carlo. It had gaming tables as early as 1856.
Capital:Monaco,National name: Principauté de Monaco Languages: French (official), English, Italian, Monégasque Ethnicity/race: French 47%, Monegasque 16%, Italian 16%, other 21% Religion: Roman Catholic 90% National Holiday: National Day (Saint Rainier's Day), November 19 Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.): $6.213 billion; per capita $85,500. Real growth rate: 0.9%. Inflation:1.5%. Unemployment: 2% (2012). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: none. Labor force: 52,490; note: includes workers from all foreign countries (2012 est.). Natural resources: none. Industries: tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products. Exports: $1.115 billion (2011); note: full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU market system through customs union with France. Imports: $1.162 billion (2011); note: full customs integration with France, which collects and rebates Monegasque trade duties; also participates in EU. Trading partners: Europe, Africa, Asia, U.S. Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 44,500 (2012); mobile cellular: 33,200 (2012). Broadcast media:TV Monte-Carlo (TMC) operates a TV network; cable TV available; Radio Monte-Carlo has extensive radio networks in France and Italy with French-language broadcasts to France beginning in the 1960s and Italian-language broadcasts to Italy beginning in the 1970s; other radio stations include Riviera Radio and Radio Monaco (2012). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 26,009 (2012). Internet users: 23,000 (2009). International disputes: none.
मोनैको की राजकुमारशाही (en:Monaco, .फ़्रांसिसी: Principauté de Monaco, मोनेगास्क : Principatu de Munegu, अंग्रेज़ी : Principality of Monaco) यूरोप महाद्वीप में स्थित एक देश है। फ़्रांस और इटली के बीच स्थित मोनैको दुनिया का दूसरा सबसे छोटा देश है। इसका मुख्य कस्बा है मॉन्टे कार्लो (en:Monte Carlo)। इसकी मुख्य- और राजभाषा है फ़्रांसिसी भाषा। यहाँ दुनिया के किसी भी देश से ज़्यादा प्रतिव्यक्ति करोड़पति हैं।