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Norway

Norway

Geography: Norway is situated in the western part of the Scandinavian peninsula. It extends about 1,100 mi (1,770 km) from the North Sea along the Norwegian Sea to more than 300 mi (483 km) above the Arctic Circle, the farthest north of any European country. It is slightly larger than New Mexico. Nearly 70% of Norway is uninhabitable and covered by mountains, glaciers, moors, and rivers. The hundreds of deep fjords that cut into the coastline give Norway an overall oceanfront of more than 12,000 mi (19,312 km). Galdhø Peak, at 8,100 ft (2,469 m), is Norway's highest point and the Glåma (Glomma) is the principal river, at 372 mi (598 km) long.

Government :Constitutional monarchy.

History: Norwegians, like the Danes and Swedes, are of Teutonic origin. The Norsemen, also known as Vikings, ravaged the coasts of northwest Europe from the 8th to the 11th century and were ruled by local chieftains. Olaf II Haraldsson became the first effective king of all Norway in 1015 and began converting the Norwegians to Christianity. After 1442, Norway was ruled by Danish kings until 1814, when it was united with Sweden—although retaining a degree of independence and receiving a new constitution—in an uneasy partnership. In 1905, the Norwegian parliament arranged a peaceful separation and invited a Danish prince to the Norwegian throne—King Haakon VII. A treaty with Sweden provided that all disputes be settled by arbitration and that no fortifications be erected on the common frontier.

Capital: Oslo, National name: Kongeriket Norge Languages: Bokmål Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities note: Sami is an official language in nine municipalities Ethnicity/race: Norwegian 94.4% (includes Sami, about 60,000), other European 3.6%, other 2% (2007 estimate) Religions: Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 82.1%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.3%, Roman Catholic 1.8%, other 2.4%, unspecified 7.5% (2011 est.) National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 17 Literacy rate: 100% Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $282.2 billion; per capita $55,400. Real growth rate: 1.6%. Inflation:1.9%. Unemployment: 3.6%. Arable land: 2.52%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.707 million; services 77.6%, industry 20.2%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 2.2% (2012).Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $154.2 billion (2013 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Imports: $90.14 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UK, Germany, Netherlands, France, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, China (2012). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.465 million (2012); mobile cellular: 5.732 million (2012).Broadcast media: state-owned public radio-TV broadcaster operates 3 nationwide TV stations, 3 nationwide radio stations, and 16 regional radio stations; roughly a dozen privately owned television stations broadcast nationally and roughly another 25 local TV stations broadcasting; nearly 75% of households have access to multi-channel cable or satellite TV; 2 privately owned radio stations broadcast nationwide and another 240 stations operate locally (2008).Internet hosts: 3.588 million (2012). Internet users: 4.431 million (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 4,237 km (2012). Roadways: total: 93,870 km; paved: 75,754 km (includes 393 km of expressways); unpaved: 18,116 km (2013). Waterways: 1,577 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Haugesund, Maaloy, Mongstad, Narvik, Sture. Airports: 95 (2013). International disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission; Norway and Russia signed a comprehensive maritime boundary agreement in 2010.

राजधानी: ओस्लो,

नॉर्वे यूरोप महाद्वीप में स्थित एक देश है। इसकी राजधानी है ओस्लो (en:Oslo)। इसकी मुख्य- और राजभाषा है नॉर्वेजियन भाषा। नोर्वे एक राजशाही है। इसके क्षेत्राधिकार् मे स्कैन्डेनेविअन प्रायद्वीप का पश्चिमी हिस्सा, यान मायेन और स्वाल्बार्द तथा बूवे नाम के आर्क्तिक द्वीप समूह आते हैं।

नोर्वे का कुल क्शेत्रफल ३ लाख ८५ हजार दौ सौ बावन वर्ग किलोमीटर (१,४८,७४७ वर्ग मील) है और जनसन्ख्या लग्भग पचास लाख्। यह यूरोप मे न्यून्तम जनसन्ख्या घनत्त्व वाले देशो मे द्वीतीय स्थान पे आता है। देश की सीमाए पूर्व मे स्वीडन से लगती है और उत्तर मे कुछ क्षेत्र की सीमाए फ़िनलैण्ड और रूस से लगती हैं। नॉर्वे का रजा हराल्ड पांचवा है और उसकी प्रधानमंत्री जेन्स स्तोल्तेंबेर्ग है।

 

 

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