Geography: The Seychelles consist of an archipelago of about 100 islands in the Indian Ocean northeast of Madagascar. The principal islands are Mahé (55 sq mi; 142 sq km), Praslin (15 sq mi; 38 sq km), and La Digue (4 sq mi; 10 sq km). The Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches groups are included in the territory of the republic.
Government: Socialist multiparty republic.
History: The Seychelles were uninhabited when the British East India Company arrived on the archipelago in 1609. Thereafter, they became a favorite pirate haven. The French claimed the islands in 1756 and administered them as part of the colony of Mauritius. The British gained control of the islands through the Treaty of Paris (1814) and changed the islands' name from the French Séchelles to the Anglicized Seychelles. The islands became self-governing in 1975 and independent on June 29, 1976. They have remained a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Their first president, James Mancham, was overthrown in 1977 by the prime minister, France-Albert René. At first René created a Socialist state with a one-party system, but later he reintroduced a multiparty system as well as various reforms. To increase revenue, in 1996 the government quietly initiated an Economic Citizenship Program that provides foreigners with the opportunity to obtain a Seychelles passport upon payment of $25,000. A new law in late 1995 had granted immunity from criminal prosecution to anyone investing $10 million in the country. In April 2004, President France-Albert René stepped down after 27 years in power. His vice president, James Michel, who had also served in the government for 27 years, assumed the presidency. In July 2006, Michel won reelection with 53.7% of the vote. In presidential elections held May 19–21, 2011 incumbent James Michel (People's Party) won his third term with 55% of the vote against Wavel Ramkalawan's (Seychelles National Party) 41%. Voter turnout was 84% over a three-day period, which allowed for voters on outlying islands to participate.
Capital: Victoria,Languages: Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.) Ethnicity/race: mixed French, African, Indian, Chinese, and Arab Religions: Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.6% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecoastal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.6), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.) Literacy rate: 91.8% (2011 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP(2013 est.): $2.404 billion; per capita $25,900. Real growth rate:3.3%. Inflation: 4.3%.Unemployment: 2% (2006 est.).Arable land: 2.17%. Agriculture:coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), copra, bananas; poultry; tuna. Labor force: 39,560 (2006); industry 23%, services 74%, agriculture 3% (2006). Industries:fishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages. Natural resources: fish, copra, cinnamon trees. Exports: $516.7 million (2013 est.): canned tuna, frozen fish, cinnamon bark, copra, petroleum products (reexports).Imports: $846.4 million (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goods. Major trading partners:UK, France, Italy, Japan, Spain, Saudi Arabia (2012). Member of Commonwealth of Nations Communications: Telephones:main lines in use: 28,900 (2012); mobile cellular: 138,300 (2012).Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 1 (2007).Television broadcast stations: 1. Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 247 (2012).Internet users: 32,000 (2008). Transportation: Railways: 0 km.Highways: total: 508 km; paved: 490 km; unpaved: 18 km (2010).Ports and harbors: Victoria.Airports: 14 (2013). International disputes: claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory).
सेशेल्स, आधिकारिक तौर पर सेशेल्स गणराज्य हिंद महासागर में स्थित 115 द्वीपों वाला एक द्वीपसमूह राष्ट्र है। यह अफ्रीकी मुख्यभूमि से लगभग 1500 किलोमीटर (930 मील) दूर पूर्व दिशा मे और मेडागास्कर के, उत्तर पूर्व मे हिंद महासागर में स्थित है। इसके निकट के अन्य द्वीप देशों और क्षेत्रों मे पश्चिम मे ज़ांज़ीबार, दक्षिण मे मॉरीशस और रीयूनियन, दक्षिणपश्चिम मे कोमोरोस और मयॉट और उत्तर पूर्व मे मालदीव का सुवाडिवेस शामिल हैं। सेशेल्स मे अफ्रीकी महाद्वीप के किसी भी अन्य देश के मुकाबले सबसे कम आबादी है।