You are here: India / world Countries of the World



Geography: Zambia, a landlocked country in south-central Africa, is about one-tenth larger than Texas. It is surrounded by Angola, Zaire, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, and Namibia. The country is mostly a plateau that rises to 8,000 ft (2,434 m) in the east.

Capital:Lusaka,Land area: 285,994 sq mi (740,724 sq km); total area: 290,586 sq mi (sq km) Population (2014 est.): 14,638,505 (growth rate: 2.88%); birth rate: 2.88/1000; infant mortality rate: 66.62/1000; life expectancy: 51.83. Capital and largest city (2011 est.):Lusaka (capital) 1.802 million Monetary unit: Kwacha Republic of Zambia Current government officials Languages: Bembe 33.4%, Nyanja 14.7%, Tonga 11.4%, Chewa 4.5%, Lozi 5.5%, Nsenga 2.9%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda (North Western) 1.9%, Kaonde 1.8%, Lala 1.8%, Lamba 1.8%, English (official) 1.7%, Luvale 1.5%, Mambwe 1.3%, Namwanga 1.2%, Lenje 1.1%, Bisa 1%, other 9.4%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.) Ethnicity/race: Bemba 21%, Tonga 13.6%, Chewa 7.4%, Lozi 5.7%, Nsenga 5.3%, Tumbuka 4.4%, Ngoni 4%, Lala 3.1%, Kaonde 2.9%, Namwanga 2.8%, Lunda (north Western) 2.6%, Mambwe 2.5%, Luvale 2.2%, Lamba 2.1%, Ushi 1.9%, Lenje 1.6%, Bisa 1.6%, Mbunda 1.2%, other 13.8%, unspecified 0.4% (2010 est.) Religions: Protestant 75.3%, Roman Catholic 20.2%, other 2.7% (includes Muslim Buddhist, Hindu, and Baha'i), none 1.8% (2010 est.) Literacy rate: 61.4% (2007 est.) Economic summary: GDP/PPP(2013 est.): $25.47 billion; per capita $1,800. Real growth rate: 6%.Inflation: 7.1%. Unemployment:15% (2008 est.). Arable land:4.52%. Agriculture: corn, sorghum, rice peanuts, sunflower seeds, vegetables, flowers, tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, cassava (manioc, tapioca), coffee; cattle, goats, pigs, poultry, milk, eggs, hides. Labor force: 6.275 million (2013); agriculture 85%, industry 6%, services 9% (2004). Industries: copper mining and processing, emerald mining, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture. Natural resources:copper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower. Exports: $8.547 billion (2013 est.): copper/cobalt, cobalt, electricity, tobacco, flowers, cotton. Imports: $8.216 billion (2013 est.): machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, electricity, fertilizer; foodstuffs, clothing. Major trading partners: South Africa, China, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kuwait, South Korea, India, UAE, Egypt (2012). Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 82,500 (2012); mobile cellular: 10.525 million (2012).Broadcast media: State-owned Zambia National Broadcasting Corporation (ZNBC) operates 1 TV station and is the principal local-content provider; several private TV stations are available; multi-channel subscription TV services are obtainable; ZNBC operates 3 radio networks; about 2 dozen private radio stations also broadcasting; relays of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Lusaka and Kitwe (2007). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16,571 (2012). Internet users:816,200 (2009). Transportation: Railways: total: 2,922 km (2013). Highways: total: 67,671 km; paved: 9,403 km ; unpaved: 31,051 km (2013 est.).Waterways: 2,250 km, including Zambezi and Luapula rivers, Lake Tanganyika. Ports and harbors:Mpulungu. Airports: 88 (2013). International conflicts: In 2004, Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary in the river.

राजधानी: लुसाका,

ज़ाम्बिया गणराज्य दक्षिणी अफ्रीका में स्थित एक लैंडलाक देश है। इसकी सीमा उत्तर में कांगो लोकतान्त्रिक गणराज्य, उत्तर-पूर्व में जिम्बाब्वे और बोत्सवाना, दक्षिण में नामीबिया और पश्चिम में अंगोला से मिलती है। देश की राजधानी लुसाका देश के दक्षिण-मध्य में स्थित है। देश की जनसंख्या दक्षिण में राजधानी लुसाका और उत्तर-पश्चिम के कांसे की खदान के इर्द-गिर्द सिमटी हुई है। समाजवादी विचारधारा वाली सरकार के लंबे समय तक के शासनकाल का नतीजा आज जाम्बिया को भुगतना विकास दर में पिछड़े होने के तौर पर भुगतना पड़ रहा है, इसके अलावा एड्स की समस्या भी देश में विकराल है। एक अनुमान है कि व्यस्क आबादी का 10 प्रतिशत एड्स की चपेट में है। देश की 55 प्रतिशत जनसंख्या 2 डालर प्रतिदिन से कम में जीवनयापन करती है।



सरकारी स्कूलों में गिरती छात्र संख्या के लिए कौन जिम्मेदार है ?

  • सरकार
  • शिक्षक
  • अभिभावक
  • छात्र
  • सरकार/शिक्षक/अभिभावक