The discus throw is a track and field event in which an athlete throws a heavy frisbee—called a discus—in an attempt to mark a farther distance than their competitors. It is an ancient sport, as demonstrated by the fifth-century-BC Myron statue, Discobolus. Although not part of the modern pentathlon, it was one of the events of the ancient Greek pentathlon, which can be dated back to at least to 708 BC. Discus is a routine part of most modern track-and-field meets at all levels and is a sport which is particularly iconic of the Olympic Games. The men's competition has been a part of the modern Summer Olympic Games since the first Olympic games in 1896. The women's competition was added to the Olympic program in the 1928 games, although they had been competing at some national and regional levels previously.
Athletes throw a metal disc weighing 2kg for men, 1kg for women, that is 22cm in diameter for men and 18cm for women, as far as possible while remaining inside a 2.5-metre diameter circle. In order for the throw to be measured, the discus must land inside a marked sector and the athlete must not leave the circle before it has landed, and then only from the rear half of the circle. The thrower typically takes one-and-a-half spins before releasing the discus. Athletes will commonly throw four or six times per competition. In the event of a tie, the winner will be the athlete with the next-best effort.
Discus throw demands high physical strength and more importantly, one’s balance upon one’s body since weight of the discus, the grip on the discus and precise circular movement around oneself involved matters the most. The player needs to deliver a fixed number of throws out of which the best score is considered. The player who throws the discus farthest among all competitors is declared as a winner.
Participating countries: Since its introduction to Olympiad games, the popularity and demand of this game by different nations grew exponentially. Many Asian and non-Asian countries have their active participation in this category of game. List of some of the major dominating Asian countries follows China, Iran, India, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia.
The IAAF championships shows participation of men and women from US, Germany, Cuba, Hungary, Estonia, and Lithuania in Discus Throw sport.
Regulating Body: International Association of Athletics Federation (IAAF) is the body of people who governs athletic sports and organizes various world championship since 1983. It sets rules for the athletic games and holds various world championships annually, biennially, and every four years.
Foul Throw: Fouls can occur in the following cases −
- You step outside the discus circle.
- You drop the discus outside the discus circle during your first swing.
- You throw with both hands.