Ball badminton is an indigenous sport of India. It is a racquet game played with a woolen ball upon a court of fixed dimensions by two teams of five players each.The is also played by two players called Doubles and by only one player each side called singles. This game was played as early as 1856 by the royal family in Tanjore, capital of Thanjavur district in Tamil Nadu, India. The game is widely prevalent in India and will strike someone new to it as a mixture between volleyball, badminton, and tennis. The game attained popularity in the river basins of Cauvery, Krishna and Goodavari.
The game drew a large number of students from South India, resulting in the formation of the Ball Badminton Federation of India in 1954. The BBF was among the first three sports federations—along with the Indian Athletic Federation and the Indian Hockey Federation—to form the Indian Olympic Association in 1961. Ball badminton eventually spread to Andhra Pradesh,and the first national championship was conducted at Hyderabad in 1956. It was later introduced at the junior and sub-junior levels
Rules: Ball badminton is a team sport. The ball is served (hit from the right or left court of one side to the diagonally opposite court of the other side). The server begins on the right court and moves to the left court each time a point is scored. The ball is served underhand below the waist, then it must go over the net and beyond the serving crease line on the other side. The ball must be returned before it touches the ground, and no player may strike the ball twice in succession. The server must not serve until the other side is ready; ordinarily, the players of the receiving side are expected to be ready. During the game the player must not leave the court except in the act of playing, if he has an accident, or with the referee's permission for activities such as changing a racket, tying a shoelace, or tightening a belt.
Faults: If a fault is made by the serving team, the serving player shall be replaced by a teammate. If all five players on a team commit a serving fault, the serve goes to the receiving team. If a fault is made by the receiving team, the serving team is awarded a point and continues to serve.
Match play: A match consists of three games. The team that wins two out of three games is the match winner. The team first scoring the 34th point wins a game. Teams start each game from the side opposite the one they played the previous game. There is a break of two minutes between the end of the first game and the start of the second game, and five minutes between the second and the third games.
Game Scoring: The number of games won and lost by each team in each league match is recorded. Keeping in mind that each match is played as a best of three games, a team winning a match after three games has won two games and lost one. If a team wins a match in two straight games, its official won/lost record is 3–0. The difference between the number of games won and lost is a team's game score. The team with the highest game score is the winner in the event of a tie; if two or more teams have the same game score, their point scores will also break the tie.
Discipline: The umpire can warn a player if the player behaves on-court in a manner bringing discredit to the referee, other players or the officials, or otherwise lowering the image of the game. A second warning triggers a yellow card. A third warning triggers a red card and ejection from the game; following a red card, the player's team continues with four players. A team manager substitutes for a player shown a yellow card, if a sufficient number of substitutions remain.