Ice climbing is a sport in which athletes climb vertical ice formations, like a frozen waterfalls or cliffs covered with ice, with the uses of ropes and other protective gear.
The two most common techniques used for climbing are:
Flat footing : Where feat is opened up so the crampons are pointed right onto the ice.
Front pointing : Where the front crampons are pierced right onto the ice.
Some of the other techniques used by climbers are, Cane, Cross-body, Low dagger, High dagger, Anchor, and Traction.
Some of the common practices used for navigating the routes are, rope systems - using single or double rope systems, tying-in - attaching the rope to harness, belaying - where fixed or running belays are used, leading - where a leader climbs first followed by others, abseiling - where a fixed rope is used to descend, and lowering - descend using a belayer.
Ice climbing courses vary based on height, angle and the total pitches in the climb, and are classified into nine grades, each of which progressively increases in difficulty.