You are here: India / world States and Uts

Tripura

Tripura

Area -10,491.69 km Population -36,71,032 * Capital -Agartala Principal Languages -Bengali and Kokborok Tripura: At a Glance Tripura is a state in North-East India which borders Bangladesh, Mizoram and Assam. It is surrounded by Bangladesh on its north, south and west: the length of its international border is 856 km (84 per cent of its total border). It shares a 53 km long border with Assam and a 109 km long border with Mizoram. The state is connected with the rest of India by only one road (NH-44) that runs through the hills to the border of Karimganj District in Assam and then winds through the states of Meghalaya, Assam and North Bengal to Calcutta At the time of Tripura's merger with effect from October 15 1949 with the Indian Union, the major mode of farming was shifting cultivation or 'jhum', which produced little surplus. A small proportion of the plain lands of the State were under settled agriculture undertaken by Bengalis, and the main crop was rice. Most of the plain lands of the State were not under cultivation and were covered with cane-brakes and marshes. Thus at the time of formation of the State, the economy was predominantly agricultural and forest-based, with no industrial base, a low level of urbanization and limited infrastructure. Demographic Features Tripura is the 2nd smallest state in terms of area, but the 2nd most populous state in the North Eastern Region. Although the state is small with a population of only over three million, the social composition of the population of Tripura is diverse. In particular, around one-third of the population comprises people belonging to the Scheduled Tribes. According to final results of 2001 census, the state's population stood at 31.99 lakh, with a density of 305 persons per sq. km. In 2006, the estimated mid-decade population of the state was 34,74,000 comprising 17,79,000 males and 16,95,000 females. The birth rate in the state in the year 2006 was 16.6 per thousand which was the lowest in northeastern region, much lower than the national average of 23.5. Again, in 2006, its death rate was 6.3 per thousand which was much below the all India average of 8.1 and was second lowest after Mizoram. There are 19 sub-tribes among the scheduled tribes in the state with their own distinctive cultures. Population pattern and demography have always been sensitive issues in Tripura over the past century which saw an actual decline in indigenous tribal population in terms of percentage because of resettlement of non-tribals in the state, particularly in the aftermath of the partition of the country in 1947. In 1901 Tripura's population was 1.73 lakh, with tribals making up nearly 52.89 per cent of the whole. By 1941, the total population rose to 5.13 lakh with a barely 50.09 per cent tribal majority. But by 1981, the tribal population dipped to 28.44 per cent of a total population of 2.05 million. Evidently, the tribal people were reduced from over a half to barely more than a quarter of the state's population in a century. The demographic changes, the economic pressures created by the sudden influx of people and the spread of education through missionary influence among the Mizos, Kukis and other tribes, have generated new impulses and a mix of expectations and aspirations. A feature of note is that around 97.4 per cent of the tribal population is rural. Human development among tribal people is thus very closely tied to the evolution of the rural economy. Tripura State Economy Agriculture forms the primary sector of Tripura's economy as it does in other states of northeastern region. More than 75% of the state's total workforce is still dependent on agriculture for their subsistence. In fact, about 24.3 % of the state's net area is reserved for agricultural purposes, of which about 2.5 lakh hectares fall under the net cultivated area. Paddy is the principal crop that is reaped in Tripura. Besides paddy, jute, sugarcane, wheat, oilseeds, coconut and turmeric are also grown in plenty in this northeast Indian state. The state takes elaborate measures to spruce up the agricultural infrastructure. New technologies, fertilizers, improved seeds and protective chemicals have been introduced with a great deal of success to keep the state's agriculture in healthy shape. The remote location, lack of power facilities as well as a well developed transport and communication network had hindered the growth and development of Tripura until the year 1950. However, today a number of small scale industries have grown in the state based on the manufacture and production of handicrafts and handloom products, rubber, bamboo, jute and tea. Natural gas and fruit processing units have also sprung up in the state. Tripura Handloom and Handicraft Development Corporation Ltd. is employing a whole array of novel marketing schemes to market the local handicraft items. The state is also a repository of glass sand, clay, lignite and building material. The latent hydro electric potential of the state is also being exploited to further the state's industrial development. Five major industrial estates have come up at Dharmanagar and Kumarghat areas of north Tripura , Arundhatinagar and Dukli areas of west Tripura and Dhwajanagar area of south Tripura district of the state while three industrial centres have also been set up in Agartala, Udaipur and Kailashahar. Historical Background Tripura, currently a full-fledged state of North-East India, was formerly a princely state that had a long list of tribal kings stretching back into antiquity. According to versions presented in different editions of 'Rajmala', princely Tripura's court chronicle , altogether 184 or 179 kings of the Manikya dynasty had ruled the state . Scholars on Tripura's history , however, attribute all the pre-fifteenth century kings to the realm of mythology though continued sway of the Manikya dynasty has been attested since the year 1432. The partition of India in 1947 and political upheavals that had preceded and followed the momentous development had brought an end to princely rule of Manikya dynasty in Tripura. After India became independent, Tripura acceded to the Indian Union on 15 October, 1949 as a "C" category state and became a Union Territory in November 1956. A popularly elected ministry was formed in Tripura in July 1963 and since then, the State has had governments elected on the basis of universal adult franchise. Tripura attained full statehood on January 21, 1972. Tripura is also rich in its composite cultural heritage embodied in archaeological remains , architecture and sculpture. Travel & Tourism Tripura is an attractive tourist destination with rich flora, fauna and spectacular sights that provide visual delight. The state has a rich cultural heritage. There is also great potential for development of tourist circuits, involving all the NE states and Bangladesh as well. All these offer attractive opportunities for the growth and development of Hospitality Industry. Endowed with rich variety of tourist attractions, Tripura offers vast potential for growth in this sector. With an area of 10,491.69 Sq. Km, Tripura is one of the smallest States in the country. But this ancient State with its natural beauty of lustrous green valleys and the hill ranges covered with varied flora and fauna, the fascinating blend of culture, glorious history and traditional art and craft is in a highly advantageous position for development of tourism. For convenience of tourists the State has been divided into two tourist circuits. One is west-south Tripura circuit covering the tourist destinations of west and south Tripura Districts and the other tourist circuit is west-north Tripura circuit covering the tourist destinations of north Tripura and Dhalai District. The entire State is having huge potential in tourism, specially eco-tourism, religious tourism, heritage tourism, hill tourism, rural tourism etc. Tripura has already emerged as a major tourist destination with concomitant and positive effect on its economy as the number of domestic as well as foreign tourists pouring in to the state has been steadily growing. Even though the revenue yield from tourism sector to the state coffer in Tripura is not yet as high as it is in tourism-centric states like Goa and Himachal Pradesh, the overall growth of this sector has been impressive over the past decade with promises for more in the coming years. In line with the policies of the government of India the tourism sector is attached great importance by the state government as an independent industry. In the year 2009 the state government launched the Tripura Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC) to unshackle this crucial sector from bureaucratic paraphernalia as well as to further stimulate growth. Art & Culture Tripura, nestled in a tip of the Northeast, flourishes on the bounties of nature but the beauty of the state is heightened by its human resources on the one hand and rich cultural tradition on the other. Folk culture of the tribal and non-tribal people of the state forms the backbone of Tripura's cultural tradition. This is reflected as much in the delicately rhythmic physical movement of the 'Hoza Giri' dance of the Reang tribesmen as in the collective musical recitation of 'Manasa Mangal' or 'Kirtan' (devotional songs in chorus) of the non-tribals. Apart from this, the 'Garia' dance of the tribals, organized on the occasion of New Year festivities and worship of 'Garia', and 'Dhamail' dance of the non-tribals, organized on familial occasions like wedding ceremony in rural areas as well as musical duels (Kabi Gaan) between two rival rhyme-makers on public platforms form the staple of Tripura's folk culture. Enriched by myths and legends of tribal society over the past half a millennium, Tripura's folk culture now confronts a major threat from so-called modernity. Gone are the days when rhythmic movement of artists in 'Garia' or 'Dhamail' dance would keep viewers awake all through the night. These forms of culture have been falling prey to invasion of modernity as western musical instruments like guitar, mandolin etc keep replacing the traditional instruments like indigenous drums and flutes and western 'break dance' push aside the pristine purity of the 'Garia' dance or 'Dhamail'. However, cultural programmes, marked by songs and dances, associated with birth anniversaries of great poets and lyricists Rabindra Nath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam add colour and charm to the state's multi-layered cultural mosaic enriched by contributions from many streams of sub-culture. Natural Resources Tripura offers great opportunities for investment in natural resource-based industries as well as in service sector ventures. The major available resources in the State are as follows: • Natural Gas(External website that opens in a new window) : Tripura has vast reserves (estimated reserve 400 BCM) of high quality (97% methane content) natural gas, available in non-associated form. • Rubber(External website that opens in a new window) : Tripura is the second largest (after Kerala) rubber producing state in the country with a potential of cultivation over 1.0 lakh hectares. At present, total area under rubber plantation is about 25 thousand hectares with rubber production of around 10 thousand MT a year. • Tea(External website that opens in a new window) : Tripura is the 5th largest tea producing state in India, with 60 Tea Estates and about 3000 small tea growers, producing annually about 7.5 million kg of tea. • Bamboo(External website that opens in a new window) : In Tripura, about 9 % of the geographical area (1000 sq km.) is under bamboo forestry, with a volume of about 0.9 million cubic meter production. The cane and bamboo handicrafts of Tripura are considered among the best in India. • Forest(External website that opens in a new window) : In Tripura an area of 6293 sq. km, or 60% of the total geographical area of the state is under forests. Out of this, 57% is under reserve forest, 35% is under 'unclassified Govt forest' and the remaining 8% is under proposed reserve forest. Hardwood (miscellaneous) Plantation (Teak, Sal, Gamai, Mahogony, Sandhi & Chamal) and Bamboo are the major forest products. Besides, shifting cultivation is being practised in about 8 % of forest areas. The State Govt is implementing various programmes with the objective of o In-situ & ex-situ conservation of wild life, o Protection of forests, o Development of eco-tourism, o Increasing forest productivity, o Expanding tree cover beyond forest areas etc. For further information on Natural Resources of Tripura, Medicinal Plant(External website that opens in a new window). Infrastructure & Communications In the recent years, a number of initiatives have been taken to improve the basic as well as industrial infrastructure in the state. The present status is as under: Basic Infrastructure • The State is currently power-deficit (outside 6-hour peak period). But day-round surplus is expected shortly. The power tariffs are much lower compared with other states - the highest rate being around Rs.3.60 per unit for industrial use. • The National Highway (No-44), linking Agartala with Guwahati in Assam has been upgraded and extended up to Sabroom (the southern-most point in the State), which is only about 75 KM away from Chittagong Port of Bangladesh on land route. • The railway line has already been extended up to Agartala and the work on further extension of railway connectivity up to Sabroom is making progress. • The Agartala Airport has also been upgraded, by extension of Airstrip and by providing night landing facilities. • The telecom infrastructure is also being upgraded by laying OFC network - connecting all the towns, by strengthening the Internet backbone etc. The WLL System / mobile services have also been introduced. • Industrial Infrastructure • • Currently, there are six (6) industrial Estates/ Areas. Besides, an Industrial Growth Centre Project has already been completed at Bodhjungnagar, Tripura (West district). The work on setting up an Export Promotion Industrial Park (EPIP) and a Food Park has been taken up in an area adjacent to the Industrial Growth Centre. The infrastructure facilities at Land Custom Stations are being upgraded to facilitate the import/ export trade with Bangladesh. Agriculture & Irrigation The economy of Tripura is primarily agrarian. Agriculture is the state's dominant sector with a contribution of nearly 30 per cent to the Net State Domestic Product (NSDP). According to 2001 census, about 52 per cent of total main workers are engaged in agriculture in Tripura, of which cultivators form about 28 percent and agricultural labourers form roughly 24 percent. Small and marginal farmers constitute almost 90 percent of the total farming community in the state. The net sown area is only about 27 percent of the state's geographical area. In Tripura , total cultivable area is about 2.55 lakh hectares of land , out of which, total irrigable area is about 1,17,000 hectares or 45.88% which is under irrigation (roughly about 79 thousand hectares through surface water + 38 thousand hectares through ground water). An additional about 23,441 hectares of land are proposed to be brought under assured irrigation by the year 2011. The state government is currently implementing a ten year perspective plan (2000-2012) with emphasis on nine specific points to achieve self-sufficiency in food production. At the time of preparation of the Perspective Plan, emphasis was put on • HYV certified seed production in Govt through Registered Seed Growers, • Varietal replacement, • Enhancing consumption of plant nutrients, • Exploitation of full irrigation potential, • Availability of adequate farm power, • Institutional credit, • Training to the farmers, • Extension of support and • Involvement of Panchayat Raj Institutions (PRIs). In the Perspective Plan, it was also suggested to follow the rice based cropping system and thereby increase the cropping intensity. Schools/Colleges/Institutes Education in Tripura has developed at a very fast pace since its emergence as a full-fledged state on 21st January 1972. The beautiful small state of Tripura offers immense opportunities for students from within and outside the region. Various government as well as private schools operate in the state of Tripura. One can also come across various religious institutions imparting education in this small state of India. The schools in Tripura are either affiliated with the Tripura Board of Secondary Education (TBSE) or Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Some of the schools are also affiliated with the Council for The Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE). There are about 4287 schools in the state out of which almost 2378 are Junior Basic, nearly 1139 are Senior Basic , 459 are High and 311 are Higher Secondary schools run by the state government and ADC authority. More than 34,985 teachers of all categories run the state's government-run school education network. Tripura Education Department has been making its full efforts to strengthen and streamline the education system of the State aiming at high quality. A diligent endeavour is being made not only for the increase of the total literacy rate of the State but also for improving the quality of education. Two (2) "Flagship" programmes (1) Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and (ii) Mid-day-Meal are being implemented successfully in the State with a large group of teaching and non-teaching workers. Preparation for launching another new programme "Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan" is also in an advanced stage for the universalisation of access to Secondary Education from 2010-11 and the department of education is taking all preliminary steps for this. The School Education Department has given emphasis on achieving zero drop-out and 100% retention in elementary level of schooling in Tripura through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) Scheme. Tripura has a Central University called Tripura University, 15 Government General Degree Colleges affiliated with the Central University, a National Institute of Technology (NIT), a State Institute of Technology called Tripura Institute of Technology (TIT), besides two Polytechnic institutes including one Polytechnic exclusively for women. One Polytechnic has been sanctioned under the Non-lapsable Pool for South Tripura District and two other Polytechnics are likely to come up in North and Dhalai Districts in the near future. The State also has two Medical Colleges, one Veterinary, Fishery and Agriculture College. In the private sector the State has a Science College run by Bharatiya Vidya Bhawan . A University called ICFAI University in the private sector is also functioning in the State. Shortly, six more Govt General Degree Colleges are all set to come up in various Sub-divisions to cater to the need for ever-increasing number of students aspiring to join higher education. Industries & Minerals The Department of Industries & Commerce was established to promote Village and Small-scale industries as well as medium and large scale industries in the State. While efforts are being made to promote entrepreneurship within the State, the outside investors in the public and private sectors are also encouraged both for their financial capabilities and technical expertise, for the medium and large-scale units. In conformity with the national policy of revitalization of the rural economy, the Govt. has placed highest priority on the development of Small Scale, Village & Traditional Industries considering the fact that more than 80% of Tripura's population live in villages and the state's traditional industries are village oriented. All techno-economic assistance like EDP training etc are being provided to the new generation entrepreneurs right from identification of the project to its implementation. The major existing industrial area is the Industrial Growth Centre Complex at Bodhjungnagar which also includes Food Park, Rubber Park and Export Promotion Industrial Park. The other industrial sites near Agartala as the main business and industrial centres are Dukli, Arundhatinagar and Badharghat. In addition, Kumarghat in Kailasahar subdivision of north Tripura is also located close to a potential industrial and business centre. In Tripura, the mineral resources are minor amounts of glass sands, limestone, plastic clay and hard rock and all of these materials are being used in varying degrees. Setting up of ceramic tiles unit and other mineral based industries are being encouraged in the private sector. Efforts will also be made to set up Plastic Clay and Glass Sand industries where natural gas has added advantage of being used as a fuel. source by national portal. क्षेत्रफल -10,491.69 वर्ग कि.मी. जनसंख्‍या -36,71,032 * राजधानी -अगरतला मुख्‍य भाषाएं- बांग्‍ला और काकबरक त्रिपुरा के बारे मेंत्रिपुरा पूर्वोत्तर में स्थित भारतीय राज्य है, जिसकी सीमाएं मिजोरम, असम तथा बांग्लादेश से लगी हुई हैं। उत्तर, दक्षिण तथा पश्चिम में यह बांग्लादेश से घिरा है तथा इसके कुल सीमा क्षेत्र का 84 फीसदी यानी 856 किलोमीटर क्षेत्र अंतरराष्ट्रीय सीमा के रूप में है। असम के साथ इसकी सीमा की लंबाई 53 किलोमीटर है तथा मिजोरम के साथ यह 109 किलोमीटर लंबी है। यह राज्य राष्ट्रीय राजमार्ग-44 के माध्यम से पूरे देश से जुड़ा हआ है। यह राजमार्ग असम के करीमगंज जिले की पहाडियों के बीच में से होता हुआ गुजरात है तथा मेघालय, असम, उत्तर बंगाल से होते हुए कोलकाता तक जाता है।2001 के जनगणना आंकड़ों के अनुसार राज्य की आबादी 31.99 लाख है तथा वर्ष 2006 में यहां 305 व्यक्ति प्रति वर्ग किलोमीटर की बसाहट थी। इस दशक के मध्य तक राज्य की आबादी 34,74,000 थी, जिसमें से 17,79,000 पुरुष तथा 16,95,000 महिलाएं हैं। 2006 में राज्य की जन्मदर 16.6 प्रतिशत प्रति हजार थी, जो पूर्वोत्तर राज्यों में सबसे कम है। इतना ही नहीं यह राष्ट्रीय दर 23.5 से भी कम है। 2006 में त्रिपुरा में मृत्यु दर 6.3 प्रतिशत प्रति हजार थी, जो राष्ट्रीय दर एवं मिजोरम के मुकाबले भी कम है। राज्य की संस्कृति के अनुसार यहां 19 उप जनजातियां हैं। जनसंख्या वितरण तथा भौगोलिक रचना इस राज्य में हमेशा ही विवादों का विषय रहा है। पिछली सदी खासतौर पर 1947 में स्वतंत्रता प्राप्ति के बाद से ही जनजातियों तथा गैर जनजातियों के बीच स्थानांतरगमन को लेकर लंबा विवाद चल रहा है। जनजातियों का मानना है कि स्थानांतरगमन की वजह से उनकी संख्या घटी है। सन 1901 में त्रिपुरा की जनसंख्या 1.73 लाख थी, जिनमें से 52.89 जनजातिय लोग थे। 1941 में इनकी संख्या बढ़कर 5.13 लाख हो गई जो कुल जनसंख्या का 50.09 प्रतिशत थी। लेकिन सन 1981 में जनजातियों की संख्या में गिरावट देखी गई तथा इनकी संख्या कुल जनसंख्या की 28.44 ही गई, जबकि तब तक जनसंख्या बढ़कर 20 लाख से अधिक हो गई थी। आश्चर्यजनक रूप से कुल जनसंख्या में से जनजातियों की आबादी घटती जा रही थी तथा यह आधे से भी कम हो गए थे। एक सदी में ही इनकी संख्या कुल जनसंख्या की चौथाई रह गई थी। भौगोलिक बदलाव तथा आर्थिक परिदृश्य मे आ रहे बदलावों की वजह से यहां के रहवासियों पर मिजो तथा कुकिस बोलने का दवाब बढ़ रहा था। एक फीचर रिपोर्ट के मुताबिक 97.4 प्रतिशत जनजातियां ग्रामीण थीं। ग्रामीण अर्थव्यवस्था तथा मानव विकास के लिए इनका विकास अत्यंत आवश्यक था। कला एवं संस्कृतित्रिपुरा पूर्वोत्तर के खूबसूरत राज्यों में से एक है, जो प्राकृतिक सौंदर्य, संस्कृति तथा कला से पूर्ण एवं मानव संसाधन की दृष्टि से परिपूर्ण है। त्रिपुरा के जनजाति एवं गैर जनजाति लोग तथा उनकी लोक संस्कृति राज्य की रीढ़ हैं। इसकी झलक यहां के गैर जनजातिय लोगों के गीत संगीत तथा नृत्य में परिलक्षित होता है। यहां का होज़ा गिरी नृत्य, मनासा मंगल या कीर्तन आदि प्रसिद्ध नृत्य तथा संगीत हैं। इसके अलावा नए साल के अवसर पर जनजातिय लोगों का नृत्य गरिया, गैर जनजातिय लोगों का धमैल नृत्य तथा विवाह के अवसर पर गाया जाने वाला गीत कबिगान भी राज्य का खास आकर्षण एवं लोक संस्कृति की पहचान है। त्रिपुरा की सभ्यता के साथ कई पौराणिक एवं ऐतिहासिक कथाएं प्रचलित हैं। हालांकि अब यहां की लोक संस्कृति को आधुनिकता से प्रभावित माना जाने लगा है। अब वह दिन भी बीती गाथा बनते जा रहे हैं जब गरिया तथा धमैल जैसे नृत्यों का आयोजन पूरी रात चलता था तथा उसे देखने के लिए दूर-दूर से लोग एकत्रित होते थे। इस नृत्य संगीत पर अब पश्चिम तथा आधुनिकता का प्रभाव दिखाई देने लगा है। इस तरह के आयोजनों में अब गिटार, मैंडोलीन आदि का उपयोग देखा जा सकता है। पाश्चात्य ब्रेक डांस तथा स्टील से बनी मैकेनिकल बांसुरियां भी यहां प्रयोग होने लगी हैं। हालांकि पारंपरिक अवसरों जैसे, विवाह, वर्षगांठ आदि में इनका आयोजन होता ही है। महान कवि तथा गीतकार रबींद्र नाथ टैगोर एवं काज़ी नज़रुल इस्लाम की जयंति भी पूरे उत्साह के साथ मनाई जाती है।कृषि और सिंचाईत्रिपुरा की अर्थव्यवस्था मुख्यतः कृषि आधारित है। त्रिपुरा के सकल राज्य घरेलू उत्पाद (एनएसडीपी) में लगभग 30 प्रतिशत की हिस्सेदारी के साथ कृषि सबसे प्रमुख योगदानकर्ता बना हुआ है। वर्ष 2001 की जनगणना के मुताबिक कामकाजी आबादी का 52 प्रतिशत हिस्सा खेती-बाड़ी के काम से जुड़ा है। 28 प्रतिशत किसान और शेष 24 प्रतिशत खेतिहर मजदूर के रूप में इस कार्य में लगे हैं। प्रदेश की कुल कृषक आबादी का करीब 90 प्रतिशत हिस्सा छोटे और सीमांत किसान हैं। प्रदेश के भौगोलिक क्षेत्र के केवल 27 प्रतिशत भाग पर ही खेती होती है। राज्य में कुल कृषि योग्य भूमि 2‐55 लाख हेक्टेयर के लगभग है और इसमें से 1‐17 लाख हेक्टेयर या 45‐88 प्रतिशत ही सिंचित है (79 हजार हेक्टेयर की सिंचाई सतही पानी से तथा शेष 38 हजार हेक्टेयर कृषि योग्य भूमि की सिंचाई भूमिगत जल से)। वर्ष 2011 तक 23,441 हेक्टेयर भूमि को सुनिश्चित सिंचाई क्षेत्र के तहत लाना प्रस्तावित है। खाद्यान्न उत्पादन में आत्मनिर्भरता पाने के लिए नौ बिंदुओ पर ध्यान केंद्रित करने वाली एक दस वर्षीय दृष्टिकोण योजना पर राज्य सरकार द्वारा काम किया जा रहा है।विद्यालय/महाविद्यालय/संस्थान 21 जनवरी 1972 में त्रिपुरा के संपूर्ण राज्य बनने के बाद से शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में राज्य ने तेज गति से विकास किया है। आकार में छोटा लेकिन बेहद खूबसूरत राज्य त्रिपुरा, क्षेत्र और क्षेत्र के बाहर के विद्यार्थिंयों के लिए शिक्षा की बहुत अच्छी सुविधा उपलब्ध करा रहा है। प्रदेश में शासकीय विद्यालयों के साथ-साथ निजी विद्यालय भी संचालित किए जा रहे हैं। धार्मिक शिक्षा प्रदान करने वाले बहुत से धार्मिक संस्थान भी इस छोटे से भारतीय राज्य में अपनी सेवाएं दे रहे हैं। विद्यालय/महाविद्यालय/संस्थान त्रिपुरा के विद्यालय या तो त्रिपुरा माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड (टीबीएसई) या केंद्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा बोर्ड (सीबीएसई) से संबद्ध हैं। कुछ विद्यालय कौंसिल फार द इंडियन स्कूल सर्टिफिकेट एक्जामिनेशन्स (सीआईएससीई) से भी संबद्ध हैं। प्रदेश में लगभग 4,287 विद्यालय हैं, जिनमें से 2,378 जूनियर बेसिक, 1,139 के लगभग सीनियर बेसिक, 459 उच्च और 311 उच्चतर माध्यमिक विद्यालय राज्य सरकार और एडीसी प्राधिकरण द्वारा चलाए जा रहे हैं। सभी श्रेणियों के 34,985 से अधिक शिक्षक राज्य सरकार द्वारा संचालित इस शिक्षा संजाल को चलायमान रखने में लगे हैं। त्रिपुरा का शिक्षा विभाग अपने पूरे दम-खम के साथ राज्य की शिक्षा व्यवस्था को उच्च गुणवत्तायुक्त तथा प्रगतिशील बनाने में लगा है। राज्य की न केवल साक्षरता बल्कि शिक्षा गुणवत्ता भी बढ़ाने की दिशा में एक मेहनती प्रयास किया जा रहा है। दो प्रमुख कार्यक्रम (1) सर्वशिक्षा अभियान और (2) मध्याह्न भोजन, राज्य में सफलतापूर्वक शिक्षण और गैरशिक्षण कर्मचारियों के माध्यम से चल रहे हैं। माध्यमिक शिक्षा तक पहुंच के सार्वभौमीकरण के लिए एक और नया कार्यक्रम ^राष्ट्रीय माध्यमिक शिक्षा अभियान^ अपने प्रारंभ किए जाने की अवस्था में पहुंच चुका है। यह 2010-11 से प्रारंभ किया जाना है और शिक्षा विभाग इस दिशा में सभी प्रारंभिक कदम उठा रहा है। विद्यालय शिक्षा विभाग शिक्षा बीच में छोड़ने वालों की संख्या शून्य तक लाने और सर्वशिक्षा अभियान के द्वारा प्रदेश की प्रारंभिक शिक्षा में भागीदारी शत प्रतिशत तक लाने पर जोर दे रही है। प्रदेश में त्रिपुरा विश्वविद्यालय नामक एक केंद्रीय विश्वविद्यालय है, इससे जुड़े 15 शासकीय डिग्री महाविद्यालय, एक राष्ट्रीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान (एनआईटी), दो पॉलीटेक्निक संस्थानों जिनमें से एक खासतौर पर महिलाओं के लिए है, के अलावा त्रिपुरा प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान (टीआईटी) नामक राज्य का प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान भी है। दक्षिणी त्रिपुरा जिले हेतु एक पॉलीटेक्निक की स्थापना को स्वीकृति मिल चुकी है, जबकि उत्तरी त्रिपुरा और ढ़लाई जिले में दो पॉलीटेक्निक संस्थानों की स्थापना निकट भविष्य में होने की उम्मीद है। राज्य में दो चिकित्सा महाविद्यालय और एक वेटेरनरी, फिशरी और कृषि महाविद्यालय है। भारतीय विद्या भवन द्वारा संचालित एक निजी विज्ञान महाविद्यालय भी है। इक्फाई नामक एक निजी विश्वविद्यालय भी अपनी सेवाएं प्रदान कर रहा है। विभिन्न अनुभागों में उच्च शिक्षा की आकांक्षा रखने वाले विद्यार्थियों की बढ़ रही संख्या की जरूरतों को पूरा करने के लिए छः नए शासकीय डिग्री महाविद्यालयों की स्थापना की जाएगी।यात्रा एवं पर्यटन त्रिपुरा हर दृष्टि से पर्यटन के लिए उपयुक्त राज्य है। यहां देखने तथा घूमने-फिरने के लिए कई स्थान एवं स्थल हैं। राज्य संस्कृति की दृष्टि से भी संपन्न है। यह राज्य पूर्वोत्तर राज्यों के मुकाबले पर्यटन की अधिक संभावनाओं से पूर्ण है। यहां पूर्वोत्तर के राज्यों के अलावा बांग्लादेश जाने वाले पर्यटक भी आकर्षित होते हैं। होटल उद्योग के विकास के साथ ही यहां पर्यटन की संभावनाएं भी बढ़ी हैं।पर्यटकों के आकर्षण के साथ ही राज्य में इसके विकास की भारी संभावनाएं हैं। 10,491.69 वर्ग किलोमीटर के क्षेत्र के साथ यह देश के सबसे छोटे राज्यो मे से एक है। लेकिन अपने प्राचीन इतिहास, सौंदर्य, पर्वतीय इलाकों की सुंदरता, हरियाली, संस्कृति, रहन सहन एवं परिवेश तथा अच्छे मौसम की वजह से इसे पर्यटन में खासा लाभ हो सकता है। पर्यटकों की सुविधा के लिए राज्य को दो पर्यटक इकाईयों में बांटा गया है। पहला है पश्चिम-दक्षिण त्रिपुरा तथा दूसरा है पश्चिमोत्तर क्षेत्र, जो धलाई जिले तक है। पूरे राज्य में पर्यटन की अपार संभावना है, खासकर ईको-पर्यटन, धार्मिक पर्यटन, हेरिटेज पर्यटन, पर्वतीय पर्यटन तथा ग्रामीण पर्यटन। त्रिपुरा में हाल के वर्षों में देशी विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या में संतोषप्रद बढोतरी देखी गई है। हालांकि विदेशी पर्यटकों की संख्या अभी भी देशी सैलानियों के मुकाबले कम है। अभी भी राज्य में पर्यटन से होने वाली आय का प्रतिशत उतना नहीं है, जितना गोवा और हिमाचल प्रदेश का है। फिर भी इस क्षेत्र में हो रहा विकास सराहनीय है तथा आने वाले वर्षों में सैलानियों की संख्या बढ़ने की पूरी उम्मीद है। भारत सरकार भी पर्यटन को बढ़ावा देने के लिए लगातार प्रयासरत है तथा इसके लिए सरकार ने इसे स्वतंत्र उद्योग की श्रेणी की मान्यता दे रखी है। वर्ष 2009 में राज्य सरकार ने त्रिपुरा पर्यटन विकास निगम (टीटीडीसी) की स्थापना की है, जिससे इस क्षेत्र को भी विकास का फायदा मिल सके। source by national portal

Advertisements


Poll

स्कूली बच्चों को कोरोना महामारी में कैसे पढ़ाना चाहिए?

  • ऑनलाइन
  • ऑफलाइन
  • कह नहीं सकते