नर्गिस दत्त -मृत्यु: (3 मई 1981, मुम्बई)
नर्गिस दत्त (वास्तविक नाम: फ़ातिमा रशीद; जन्म: 1 जून, 1929, कलकत्ता - मृत्यु: 3 मई, 1981, मुम्बई) हिन्दी सिनेमा की महान् अभिनेत्रियों में से एक है। नर्गिस मशहूर गायिका जद्दनबाई की पुत्री थीं। कला नर्गिस को विरासत में मिली थी और सिर्फ छह साल की उम्र में नर्गिस ने फ़िल्म 'तलाशे हक़' (1935) से अभिनय की शुरुआत कर दी थी। फ़िल्म मदर इंडिया में राधा की भूमिका के जरिए भारतीय नारी को एक नया और सशक्त रूप देने वाली नर्गिस हिंदी सिनेमा की महानतम अभिनेत्रियों में से एक थीं, जिन्होंने लगभग 2 दशक लंबे फ़िल्मी सफर में दर्ज़नों यादगार एवं संवदेनशील भूमिकाएँ की और अपने सहज अभिनय से दर्शकों का मनोरंजन किया।
नर्गिस दत्त का जन्म फ़ातिमा अब्दुल रशीद के रूप में 1 जून, 1929 को कलकत्ता में हुआ था। हालांकि उनके जन्मस्थान को लेकर विवाद है, कुछ लोग उनका जन्म इलाहबाद में होना मानते है। नर्गिस के पिता उत्तमचंद मूलचंद, रावलपिंडी से ताल्लुक रखने वाले समृद्ध हिन्दू थे एवं माता जद्दनबाई, एक हिंदुस्तानी क्लासिकल गायिका थीं। उनके दो भाई, अख्तर व अनवर हुसैन थे। नर्गिस की माता भारतीय सिनेमा से सक्रियता से जुड़ी हुई थीं।
कला नर्गिस को विरासत में मिली थी और सिर्फ छह साल की उम्र में नर्गिस ने फ़िल्म 'तलाशे हक़' (1935) से अभिनय की शुरुआत कर दी थी। नर्गिस ने मदर इंडिया के अलावा आवारा, श्री 420, बरसात, अंदाज, लाजवंती, जोगन परदेशी, रात और दिन सहित दर्ज़नों कामयाब फ़िल्मों में बेहतरीन अभिनय किया। राजकपूर के साथ उनकी जोड़ी विशेष रूप से सराही गई और दोनों की जोड़ी को हिंदी फ़िल्मों की सर्वकालीन सफल जोड़ियों में से गिना जाता है।
1940 और 50 के दशक में नर्गिस ने कई फ़िल्मों में काम किया और 1957 में प्रदर्शित महबूब ख़ान की फ़िल्म 'मदर इंडिया' नर्गिस की सर्वाधिक चर्चित फ़िल्मों में रही। इस फ़िल्म को ऑस्कर के लिए नामित किया गया था। उनके कुछ प्रमुख फ़िल्में इस प्रकार हैं- मदर इंडिया, अंदाज़, अनहोनी, जोगन, आवारा, रात और दिन, अदालत, घर संसार, लाजवंती, परदेशी, चोरी चोरी।
सम्मान और पुरस्कार-
नर्गिस को पद्मश्री सहित कई प्रतिष्ठित पुरस्कार मिले। इनमें फ़िल्मफेयर पुरस्कार के अलावा फ़िल्म 'रात और दिन' के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनय का राष्ट्रीय पुरस्कार शामिल है।
1957 - फ़िल्मफ़ेयर सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनेत्री पुरस्कार (फ़िल्म- मदर इंडिया)
1958 - कार्लोवी (अंतर्राष्ट्रीय फ़िल्म महोत्सव वरी) में सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनेत्री के लिए पुरस्कार (फ़िल्म- मदर इंडिया)
1958 - पद्मश्री
1968 - राष्ट्रीय फ़िल्म पुरस्कार सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनेत्री (फ़िल्म- रात और दिन)
अभिनय से अलग होने के बाद नर्गिस सामाजिक कार्य में जुट गईं। नर्गिस ने पति सुनील दत्त के साथ अजंता आर्ट्स कल्चरल ट्रूप की स्थापना की। यह दल सीमाओं पर जाकर जवानों के मनोरंजन के लिए स्टेज शो करता था। इसके अलावा वे स्पास्टिक सोसाइटी से भी जुड़ी रहीं। बाद में नर्गिस को राज्यसभा के लिए भी नामित किया गया, लेकिन किस्मत को कुछ और ही मंजूर था। वे अपना कार्यकाल पूरा नहीं कर सकीं। इसी कार्यकाल के दौरान वे गंभीर रूप से बीमार हो गईं और 3 मई 1981 को कैंसर के कारण उनकी मौत हो गई। नर्गिस की याद में 1982 में नर्गिस दत्त मेमोरियल कैंसर फाउंडेशन की स्थापना की गई। इस प्रकार निधन के बाद भी नर्गिस लोगों के दिल में बसी हुई हैं।
Nargis (born Fatima Rashid; 1 June 1929 – 3 May 1981), was an Indian film actress. She is regarded as one of the greatest actresses in the history of Hindi cinema. She made her screen debut in a minor role at the age of 5 with Talash-E-Haq (1935), but her acting career actually began with Tamanna (1942).
In a career that spanned three decades, Nargis appeared in numerous commercially successful as well as critically acclaimed films, many of which featured her alongside actor Raj Kapoor. She was the younger sister of the well-known actor Anwar Hussain. Her best-known role was that of Radha in the Academy Award-nominated Mother India (1957), a performance that won her the Filmfare Award for Best Actress. In 1958 Nargis married her Mother India co-actor Sunil Dutt, with whom she later had three children, and left the film industry. She would appear infrequently in films during the 1960s. Some of her films of this period include the drama Raat Aur Din (1967), for which she received the inaugural National Film Award for Best Actress.
Nargis formed the Ajanta Arts Cultural Troupe, which roped in several leading actors and singers of the time and held stage shows at border areas. Their marriage ended in 1981 when Nargis died of pancreatic cancer. In early 1970s, she became the first patron of The Spastics Society of India, and her subsequent work with the organisation brought her recognition as a social worker, and later a Rajya Sabha nomination in 1980.
Nargis was born as Fatima Rashid in Calcutta, Bengal (now Kolkata, West Bengal). Her father Abdul Rashid (born Mohanchand Uttamchand Tyagi alias Mohan Babu), was originally a wealthy Mohyal Brahmin (a Punjabi Hindu), from Rawalpindi, Punjab (now in Pakistan) who had converted to Islam.Her mother was Jaddanbai, a Hindustani classical music singer and one of the early pioneers of Indian cinema. Nargis's family then moved to Allahabad from West Punjab. She introduced Nargis into the movie culture unfolding in India at the time. Nargis' maternal half-brother, Anwar Hussain (1928–1988), also became a film actor.
Fatima made her first film appearance in the 1935 film Talashe Haq when she was six years old, credited as Baby Nargis. Nargis (نرگس [ˈnərɡɪs]) is a Persian word meaning Narcissus, the daffodil flower. She was subsequently credited as Nargis in all of her films.
Nargis appeared in numerous films after her debut; she won lasting fame for her later, adult, roles, starting with at the age of 14, in Mehboob Khan's Taqdeer in 1943 opposite, Motilal. She starred in many popular Hindi films of the late 1940s and 1950s such as Barsaat (1949), Andaz (1949), Awaara (1951), Deedar (1951), Shree 420 (1955), and Chori Chori (1956). She appeared in Mehboob Khan's Oscar-nominated rural drama Mother India in 1957 for which she won the Filmfare Best Actress Award for her performance. Baburao Patel of the film magazine Filmindia (December 1957) described Mother India as "the greatest picture produced in India" and wrote that no other actress would have been able to perform the role as well as Nargis.
After her marriage to Sunil Dutt in 1958, Nargis gave up her film career to settle down with her family, after her last few films were released. She made her last film appearance in the 1967 film Raat Aur Din. The film was well received and Nargis' performance as a woman who has dissociative identity disorder was critically acclaimed. For this role she won a National Film Award for Best Actress and became the first actress to win in this category. She also received a Filmfare Best Actress Award nomination for this film.
In 2011, Rediff.com listed her as the greatest actress of all time, stating, "An actress with range, style, grace and an incredibly warm screen presence, Nargis is truly a leading lady to celebrate."M.L. Dhawan from The Tribune said, "In almost all her films Nargis created a woman who could be desired and deified. The charisma of Nargis's screen image lay in that it oscillated between the simple and the chic with equal ease."
She was also nominated to the Rajya Sabha (Upper house of Indian Parliament) from 1980–81 but due to cancer she fell ill and died during her tenure.
Nargis had a long-time relationship with actor Raj Kapoor, who was her co-star in the films Awara and Shree 420. Raj Kapoor was married and had children. After he refused to divorce his wife, Nargis ended their year-long relationship.
Nargis married actor Sunil Dutt (a Mohyal Brahmin from Jhelum, British India) on 11 March 1958. Reportedly, Dutt had saved her life from a fire on the sets of Mother India. They married on 11 March 1958. Three children were born from their union: Sanjay, Namrata, and Priya.
Sanjay went on to become a successful film actor. Namrata married actor Kumar Gaurav, son of veteran actor Rajendra Kumar who had appeared alongside Nargis and Sunil Dutt in Mother India. Priya became a politician and a Member of Parliament (Lok Sabha).
With her husband, Nargis formed the Ajanta Arts Cultural Troupe, which involved several leading actors and singers of the time, and performed at remote frontiers to entertain the Indian soldiers at border. It was the first troupe to perform in Dhaka, after the liberation war of Bangladesh in 1971. Later, Nargis worked for the cause of spastic children. She became the first patron of The Spastics Society of India. Her charitable work for the organisation got her recognition as a social worker.
Nargis died on 3 May 1981 from pancreatic cancer in Breach Candy Hospital in Bombay. She is buried at Badakabarastan.
Awards and recognitions
1958 – Filmfare Best Actress Award for Mother India
1958 – She was the first film actress to conferred by the Government of India with the Padma Shri title, the fourth highest civilian award.
1968 – National Film Award for Best Actress for Raat Aur Din.
1969 – Nominated, Filmfare Best Actress Award for Raat Aur Din
2001 – "Best Artists of the Millennium" award by Hero Honda and film magazine Stardust along with actor Amitabh Bachchan.
A postal stamp of face value 100 paise was issued by India Post was issued in Nargis' honour on 30 December 1993.Google celebrated Nargis Dutt on her 86th birthday on 1 June 2015.
The National Film Awards honoured Dutt by instituting the Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration upon her achievement in Hindi Cinema.