डॉ. मुख़्तार अहमद अंसारी -मृत्यु: (10 मई 1936)

May 10, 2017

डॉ. मुख़्तार अहमद अंसारी ( जन्म: 25 दिसम्बर 1880, ग़ाज़ीपुर - मृत्यु: 10 मई 1936, नई दिल्ली) एक प्रसिद्ध चिकित्सक, प्रसिद्ध राष्ट्रवादी मुस्लिम नेता, जिन्होंने भारतीय राष्ट्रीय आंदोलन में भाग लिया और वाराणसी (भूतपूर्व बनारस) में राष्ट्रवादी विश्वविद्यालय काशी विद्यापीठ और दिल्ली में जामिया मिलिया स्थापित करने में योगदान दिया।

जन्म -
डॉ. मुख़्तार अहमद अंसारी का जन्म 25 दिसम्बर 1880 को उत्तर प्रदेश के ग़ाज़ीपुर ज़िले में हुआ था। अंसारी ने मद्रास (वर्तमान चेन्नई) तथा इंग्लैंड में चिकित्सा के क्षेत्र में शिक्षा ग्रहण की। अंसारी ने 'एडिनबरा विश्वविद्यालय' में अपनी शिक्षा पूरी की और कई वर्ष तक लंदन के विभिन्न अस्पतालों में काम किया। भारत लौटने पर उन्होंने दिल्ली में 1910 में डॉक्टरी शुरू की। वह राष्ट्रवादी आंदोलन की ओर आकर्षित हुए और भारतीय राष्ट्रीय कांग्रेस के अध्यक्ष रहे। डॉक्टर अंसारी अच्छी शिक्षा संस्थाओं की आवश्यकता के प्रति अत्यधिक सजग थे। 1928 में वह जामिया मिलिया के उप-कुलपति बने और जीवनपर्यंत इस पद पर रहे। 1912 में डॉ. अंसारी ने तुर्की में 'अखिल भारतीय चिकित्सा मिशन' का आयोजन किया। सार्वजनिक जीवन और चिकित्सा दोनों क्षेत्रों में उनका बड़ा सम्मान था। 1920 में उन्होंने भारतीय मुस्लिम लीग की अध्यक्षता का पद स्वीकार किया। एम. ए. अंसारी ख़िलाफ़त आन्दोलन में भी सक्रिय रहे और 1922 में गया में आयोजित ख़िलाफ़त सम्मेलन के अध्यक्ष का पद संभाला। गांधी जी से उनका निकट का सम्पर्क था। 1927 में मद्रास के कांग्रेस अधिवेशन के एम. ए. अंसारी ही अध्यक्ष रहे। गांधी जी द्वारा संचालित 1930 और 1932 के आन्दोलनों में भाग लेने के कारण उन्होंने कई बार जेल यात्राएँ कीं। अंसारी अपने समय में दिल्ली के प्रतिष्ठित चिकित्सक थे। एडिनबरा (ब्रिटेन) से डॉक्टर अंसारी ने डॉक्टर की पदवी प्राप्त की और दिल्ली में रहकर डॉक्टरी की।
स्वास्थ्य ठीक न रहने के कारण निधन से एक वर्ष पूर्व उन्होंने सक्रिय राजनीति से सन्न्यास ले लिया था। 10 मई 1936 ई. में उनका देहान्त हो गया। दिल्ली की अंसारी रोड उन्हीं की यादगार है।

Dr. Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari (25 December 1880 – 10 May 1936) was an Indian nationalist and political leader, and former president of the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League during the Indian Independence Movement. One of the founders of the Jamia Millia Islamia University he remained its chancellor 1928 to 1936.

Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari was born on 25 December 1880 in Yusufpur-Mohammadabad town in eastern Uttar Pradesh).

Educated at the Victoria School, Ansari and his family moved to Hyderabad. Ansari obtained a medical degree from the Madras Medical College and went to England on scholarship studies. He achieved the M.D. and M.S. degrees in 1905.In 1910 Ansari earned a Master of Surgery (ChM) from the University of Edinburgh for his thesis Treatment of syphilis by arylarsonates with special reference to recent research. He was a top-class student and worked at the London Lock Hospital and the Charing Cross Hospital in London. He was an Indian pioneer in surgery, and today there is an Ansari Ward in the Charing Cross Hospital, London, in honour of his work.

From 1921 to 1935, Ansari visited Vienna, Paris, Lucerne and London to meet with famed urologists, including Dr. Robert Lichtenstern, Eugen Steinach and Serge Voronoff, some of the pioneers of grafting animal testicles onto humans. In the last decade of his life, Ansari performed over 700 such grafting operations, meticulously recording 440 of them. From these experiments he published his book Regeneration of Man, which he shared with his close friend Mahatma Gandhi.

In 1898, while a student in Madras, Ansari attended his first All India Congress Sessions, which was presided over by Ananda Mohan Bose. In 1927, when the Sessions were held again in Madras, Ansari presided over the session 

Dr. Ansari became involved in the Indian Independence Movement during his stay in England. He moved back to Delhi and joined both the Indian Congress and the Muslim League. He played an important role in the negotiation of the 1916 Lucknow Pact and served as the Muslim League's president in 1918 and 1920. He was an outspoken supporter of the Khilafat movement, and led the Indian medical mission to treat the wounded Turkish soldiers during the Balkan Wars. (Syed Tanvir Wasti, The Indian Red Crescent Mission to the Balkan Wars, Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 45, No. 3, 393–406, May 2009)

Dr. Ansari served several terms as the AICC General Secretary, as well as the President of the Indian National Congress during its 1927 session. As a result of in-fighting and political divisions within the League in the 1920s, and later the rise of Muhammad Ali Jinnah and Muslim separatism, Dr. Ansari drew closer to Mahatma Gandhi and the Congress Party.

Dr. Ansari was one of the Foundation Committee of Jamia Millia Islamia and also served as the chancellor of the Jamia Millia Islamia university in Delhi soon after the death of its primary founder, Dr. Hakim Ajmal Khan in 1927.

Ansaris lived in a palatial house, called the Darus Salaam or Abode of peace. The Ansaris would often host Mahatma Gandhi when he visited Delhi, and the house was a regular base for Congress political activities. However, he never stopped practising medicine, and often came to the aid of Indian political leaders and the Indian princely order.

Dr. Ansari was amongst a new generation of Indian Muslim nationalists, which included Maulana Azad, Muhammad Ali Jinnah and others.

Dr. Ansari died in 1936 en route from Mussoorie to Delhi on a train due to a heart attack, and is buried in the premises of the Jamia Millia Islamia in Delhi.

Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari is the grandson of a brother of Dr. Ansari.

Avaiz Tazim Ansari great grandson of freedom fighter Dr Mukhtar Ahmed Ansari