Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

September 09, 2015

September 9
• 1914 – World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army.
• 1916 – Piggly Wiggly, the first true self-service grocery store, is founded in Memphis, Tennessee.
• 1922 – The Greco-Turkish War effectively ends with Turkish victory over the Greeks in Smyrna.
• 1923 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of the Republic of Turkey, founds the Republican People's Party.
• 1924 – Hanapepe massacre occurs on Kauai, Hawaii.
• 1926 – In the United States the National Broadcasting Company is formed.
• 1936 – The crews of Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque and destroyer Dão mutinied against Salazar dictatorship's support of General Franco's coup and declared their solidarity with the Spanish Republic.
• 1939 – World War II: The Battle of Hel begins, the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.
• 1939 – Burmese national hero U Ottama dies in prison after a hunger strike to protest Britain's colonial government.
• 1940 – George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.
• 1940 – Treznea massacre: The Hungarian Army, supported by local Hungarians kill 93 Romanian civilians in Treznea, a village in Northern Transylvania, as part of attempts to ethnic cleansing.
• 1942 – World War II: A Japanese floatplane drops incendiary bombs on Oregon.
• 1943 – World War II: The Allies land at Salerno and Taranto, Italy.
• 1944 – World War II: The Fatherland Front takes power in Bulgaria through a military coup in the capital and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Sovietgovernment is established.
• 1945 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Empire of Japan formally surrenders to China.
• 1947 – First case of a computer bug being found: A moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.
• 1948 – Kim Il-sung declares the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
• 1954 – The 6.7 Mw Chlef earthquake shakes northern Algeria with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). At least 1,243 people were killed and 5,000 were injured.
• 1956 – Elvis Presley appears on The Ed Sullivan Show for the first time.
• 1965 – The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development is established.
• 1965 – Hurricane Betsy makes its second landfall near New Orleans, leaving 76 dead and $1.42 billion ($10–12 billion in 2005 dollars) in damages, becoming the first hurricane to cause over $1 billion in unadjusted damage.
• 1966 – The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act is signed into law by U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson.
• 1969 – Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 DC-9 collides in flight with a Piper PA-28 and crashes near Fairland, Indiana.
• 1969 – In Canada, the Official Languages Act comes into force, making French equal to English throughout the Federal government.
• 1970 – A British airliner is hijacked by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and flown to Dawson's Field in Jordan.
• 1971 – The four-day Attica Prison riot begins, eventually resulting in 39 dead, most killed by state troopers retaking the prison.
• 1972 – In Kentucky's Mammoth Cave National Park, a Cave Research Foundation exploration and mapping team discovers a link between the Mammoth and Flint Ridge cave systems, making it the longest known cave passageway in the world.
• 1990 – Batticaloa massacre: Massacre of 184 minority Tamil civilians by Sri Lankan Army in the eastern Batticaloa District of Sri Lanka.
• 1991 – Tajikistan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
• 1993 – The Palestine Liberation Organization officially recognizes Israel as a legitimate state.
• 1999 – Sega releases the first 128-bit video game console, the Dreamcast.
• 2001 – Ahmad Shah Massoud, leader of the Northern Alliance, is assassinated in Afghanistan by two al-Qaeda assassins who claimed to be Arab journalists wanting an interview.
• 2001 – Pärnu methanol tragedy occurs in Pärnu County, Estonia.
• 2001 – The Unix billennium is reached, marking the beginning of the use of 10-digit decimal Unix time stamps.
• 2009 – The Dubai Metro, the first urban train network in the Arabian Peninsula, is ceremonially inaugurated.
• 2012 – The Indian space agency puts into orbit its heaviest foreign satellite yet, in a streak of 21 consecutive successful PLSV launches.
• 2012 – A wave of attacks kill more than 100 people and injure 350 others across Iraq.
• 2015 – Elizabeth II became the longest reigning monarch of the United Kingdom.