चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट (जन्म: 23 जून 1934)

June 23, 2017

चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट (जन्म: 23 जून 1934, उत्तराखण्ड) गाँधीवादी विचारक और सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता हैं। चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट ने सन 1964 में गोपेश्वर में 'दशोली ग्राम स्वराज्य संघ' की स्थापना की जो कालान्तर में चिपको आंदोलन की मातृ-संस्था बनी और बाद में चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट को इस कार्य के लिए सन 1982 में रेमन मैग्सेसे पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया।

जीवन परिचय
चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट का जन्म 23 जून 1934 में हुआ था। वह भारत के प्रसिद्ध पर्यावरणविद् व 'चिपको आन्दोलन' (उत्तर प्रदेश के पर्वतीय वन क्षेत्रों में) के प्रणेता हैं। चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट गंगा राम भट्ट और महेशी देवी के दूसरे पुत्र हैं। चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट ने रूस, अमेरिका, जर्मनी, जापान, नेपाल, पाकिस्तान, बांग्लादेश, फ्रांस, मैक्सिको, थाईलैंड, स्पेन, चीन आदि देशों की यात्राएँ भी की हैं, उन्होंने सैकड़ों राष्ट्रीय और अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलनों में भाग लिया है और अनेक समितियों, आयोगों में अपने व्यावहारिक ज्ञान और अनुभव का लाभ-प्रदान किया है।

चण्डी प्रसाद भट्ट को भारत सरकार द्वारा सन 2005 में पद्म भूषण, 1983 में पद्म श्री, 1982 में रेमन मैग्सेसे पुरस्कार और 1991 में इंदिरा गांधी पर्यावरण पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया है।

Chandi Prasad Bhatt (born 1934) is an Indian Gandhian environmentalist and social activist, who founded Dasholi Gram Swarajya Sangh (DGSS) in Gopeshwar in 1964, which later became a mother-organization to the Chipko Movement, in which he was one of the pioneers, and for which he was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership in 1982, followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2005. Today he is known for his work on subaltern social ecology, and considered one of India's first modern environmentalist.[3] In 2013, he was the recipient of the Gandhi Peace Prize.

Chandi Prasad Bhatt was born on 23 June 1934, as the second child of Ganga Ram Bhatt and Maheshi Devi Thapliyal, in a family of priests to the Rudranath Temple in Gopeshwar, one of the Panch Kedar, the five Himalayan temples dedicated to Shiva, the most venerated amongst them being the Kedarnath Temple.[1] His father, who was a farmer as well as a priest at the famous Shiva temple at Gopeshwar and the Rudranath temple, died when Chandi Prasad was still an infant and he was raised thereafter by his mother, in Gopeshwar, Chamoli District of Uttarakhand in India, which was then still a very small village. He did his schooling in Rudraprayag and Pauri, but stopped before he could receive a degree.
Farmland was scarce in the overpopulated mountains, and so were jobs. Like most men of the mountain villages, Chandi Prasad taught art to children for a year to support his mother, before eventually forced to work in the plains. He joined the Garhwal Motor Owners Union (GMOU) as a booking clerk, posted at various places including, Rishikesh, Pipalkoti and Karnaprayag.

In 1956, Bhatt found hope when he heard a speech by the Gandhian leader Jayaprakash Narayan, who was on a tour of the area. Bhatt and other young people launched themselves into the Sarvodaya movement and Gandhian campaigns, of Bhoodan and Gramdan and organising villages for economic development and fighting liquor abuse throughout the Uttarakhand.

In 1960, he left his job at GMOU, to commit full-time to his Sarvodaya activities, and by 1964, Bhatt had instituted the Dasholi Gram Swarajya Mandal (Society for Village Self-Rule) to organise fellow villagers in Gopeshwar for employment near their homes in forest-based industries, making wooden implements from ash trees and gathering and marketing herbs for ayurvedic medicine-and to combat vice and exploitation.

Curtailment of the villagers' legitimate rights to trees and forest products in favour of outside commercial interests enabled Bhatt, in 1973, to mobilise the forest-wise society members and villagers into the collective Chipko Andolan (Hug the Trees Movement) to force revision of forest policies dating from 1917. Women, who regularly walk three to five miles to the forest to gather and carry home fuel and fodder on their backs, took the lead. True to the movement's non-violent philosophy, these women embraced the trees to restrict their felling.[8] Establishment of "eco-development camps" brought villagers together to discuss their needs within the context of the ecological balance of the forest. Stabilizing slopes by building rock retaining walls, the campers planted trees started in their own village nurseries. While less than one-third of the trees set out by government foresters survived, up to 88 percent of the villager-planted trees grew.

Bhatt and his society colleagues have been helped by sympathetic scientists, officials and college students. Yet theirs is essentially an indigenous movement of mountain villagers, and Chipko Andolan has become an instrument of action and education for members, officials and outsiders, in the realities of effective resource conservation.

Although Bhatt has attended meetings in lowland India and abroad as a spokesman for Chipko, he has remained a man of his community. He and his wife continue to live the simple life of their Himalayan neighbours. In the process he has become knowledgeable and productive in helping ensure his peoples' hard won living. In 2003, he was appointed a member of the 'National Forest Commission', which reviewed all existing policies and legal frameworks relating to forest management, and submitted its report to the Government in 2005.

Awards and Honours
UNDP Global 500
Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership 1982
Padma Shri 1986
Padma Bhushan 2005
Awarded Gandhi Peace Prize for the year 2013 on 15 July 2014 by The President of India 
Sri Satya Sai Award for human excellence 2016 in the category Environment by Shri Satya Sai Lok Seva Trust