मल्हारराव होल्कर (मृत्य: 20 मई 1766 ई)

May 20, 2017


मल्हारराव होल्कर (अंग्रेज़ी: Malhar Rao Holkar, जन्म:16 मार्च 1693 ई.- मृत्य: 20 मई 1766 ई.) इंदौर के होल्कर वंश का प्रवर्तक थे। मल्हार राव विशेष रूप से मध्य भारत में मालवा के पहले मराठा सूबेदार होने के लिये जाना जाते थे। यह होल्कर परिवार के पहले राजकुमार थे, जिन्होंने इंदौर के राज्य पर शासन किया था।


उन्होंने पेशवा बाजीराव प्रथम को कई युद्धों में विजय दिलवाई थी। उनके वंशजों द्वारा शासित राज्य को 1948 ई. में भारतीय गणराज्य में सम्मिलित कर लिया गया था।
मल्हारराव अपने मामा बाजीराव बरगल के घर पर तलोदा[1] में पले बढ़े थे।
1717 ई. में मल्हाराव का विवाह उनके चाचा की बेटी गौतमा बाई से हुआ था। उन्होंने बाना बाई साहिब होल्कर, द्वारका बाई साहिब होल्कर, हरकू बाई साहिब होल्कर के साथ भी विवाह किया था।
वे प्रारम्भ में पेशवा बाजीराव प्रथम (1720-1740 ई.) की सेवा में रहे थे।
पेशवा बाजीराव प्रथम की मल्हाराव ने काफ़ी दिनों तक सेवा की तथा कई विजय अभियानों में भी भाग लिया था।
बाजीराव प्रथम ने उनकी स्वामी भक्ति के फलस्वरूप मध्य भारत में एक बड़ा क्षेत्र उसके शासन में कर दिया गया। मल्हारराव होल्कर के उत्तराधिकारी इस क्षेत्र का शासन बड़े दिनों तक करते रहे।
1948 ई. में उसके राज्य का भारतीय गणराज्य में विलयन कर लिया गया।
मल्हारराव होल्कर का निधन 20 मई 1766 ई. को हुआ।


Malhar Rao Holkar (16 March 1693 – 20 May 1766) was a noble of the Maratha Empire, in present-day India. Malhar Rao is particularly known for being the first Maratha Subhedar of Malwa in Central India. He was the first prince from the Holkar family which ruled the Indore State. He was one of the early officers to help spread the Maratha rule to northern states and was given the state of Indore to rule by the Peshwas.


Malhar Rao Holkar was from the Dhangar community, a pastoral group that is not technically a part of the Maratha caste. He was born on 16 March 1693 in the village of Hol, near Jejuri, Pune District to Khanduji Holkar of Vir. Malhar Rao grew up in Taloda (Nandurbar District. Khandesh) at house of his maternal uncle, Bhojirajrao Bargal.


He married Gautama Bai (d. 29 September 1761), his uncle's daughter, in 1717. He also married Bana Bai Sahib Holkar, Dwarka Bai Sahib Holkar, Harku Bai Sahib Holkar, a Khanda Rani. This Khanda Rani status stems from the fact that she was a Rajput princess, he had sent his sword (khaaNdaa in Marathi) to represent him at the wedding, to maintain appearances.
Holkar lived at a time when it was possible for ambitious people to improve their standing substantially. and in 1715 he was serving in forces under the control of Kadam Bande in Khandesh. Adopting the mercenary approach to service that was common at the time, Holkar was a part of the expedition to Delhi organised by Balaji Vishwanath in 1719, fought against the Nizam in the Battle of Balapur of 1720 and served with the Raja of Barwani.


In 1721, having become disllusioned with Bande, Holkar became a soldier in the service of the Peshwa, Bajirao. became close to him and was soon able to move up the ranks. Participation in the Peshwa's campaign of 1723-24 was followed by a diplomatic role, settling a dispute with the state of Bhopal. Holkar was commanding a force of 500 men in 1725 and in 1727 he received a grant so that he could maintain troops in various areas of Malwa. Successful work during the Battle of Palkhed of 1728, during which he disrupted the supplies and communications of the Mughal armies, further increased his status. The Peshwa improved that as a counter to a perceived threat from less loyal supporters and by 1732, when the Peshwa gave him a large portion of western Malwa, Holkar had command of a cavalry force comprising several thousand men.


He died at Alampur, 20 May 1766. His only son Khanderao Holkar had already died in 1754 during the seize of Kumher against the Jat maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur State. After his son Kanderao's death in 1754, Malhar Rao prevented his wife Ahilya Bai Holkar from committing sati.[8] Malhar Rao's grandson and Khanderao's young son Male Rao Holkar became the ruler of Indore in 1766, under the regentship of Ahilyabai, but he too died within few months in 1767. Ahilyabai became the ruler of Indore after the death of her only son with Khanderao. He is considered as one of the architects of Maratha control over India.


His daughter-in-law Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar built his samadhi Chhatri, at the spot of his cremation, at Alampur of Lahar in Bhind district of Madhya Pradesh state.