अलादी कृष्ण स्वामी अय्यर (मृत्यु: 3 अक्टूबर, 1953)

October 03, 2017

अलादी कृष्ण स्वामी अय्यर (अंग्रेज़ी: Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer, जन्म: 14 मई, 1883, ज़िला नेलोर, मद्रास; मृत्यु: 3 अक्टूबर, 1953, चेन्नई) भारत के क्रांतिकारी नेता थे।


परिचय
अलादी कृष्ण स्वामी अय्यर का जन्म 15 मई, 1883 को मद्रास के नेलोर ज़िले में हुआ था। इन्होंने मद्रास से शिक्षा प्राप्त की तथा निजी शिक्षक के रूप में अपने कैरियर की शुरूआत की। ये सन 1933 में विधि में उच्च अध्ययन के लिए इंग्लैण्ड गये। 1920 में ये मद्रास-बार के एकमात्र स्वीकृत नेता बने। स्वाधीनता प्राप्ति के पश्चात अलादी कृष्ण स्वामी अय्यर भारतीय संविधान की प्रारूप समिति के सदस्य बनाये गये। इन्हें अनेकों उपाधियां प्रदान की गयीं, जिनमें नाइट हुड की उपाधि भी शामिल थी। अलादी कृष्ण स्वामी अय्यर का निधन 3 अक्टूबर, 1953, चेन्नई में हो गया।


Dewan Bahadur Sir Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer (14 May 1883 – 3 October 1953) was an Indian lawyer and member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was responsible for framing the Constitution of India. He also served as the Advocate General of Madras State from 1929 to 1944. Noted neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran is the grandson of Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer.


Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer was born in 1883 in the small village of Pudur in Madras State (present day Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh). His father, Ekamra Sastry, was a priest. Krishnaswamy passed his matriculation examination in 1899 and joined the Madras Christian College to study history. Alladi used his spare time to attend classes in law and passed the B.L. exam and became one of the leading members of the bar. He was made a Dewan Bahadur in 1930 and was knighted in the 1932 New Year Honours List. He was married to Venkalakshmamma.


He was the Advocate General of the Madras Presidency from 1929 to 1944. He played a major role in drafting the Constitution of India. The main architect of Indian Constitution, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, who also chaired the constitution's drafting committee, credited Alladi's contribution: “There were in the drafting committee men bigger, better and more competent than myself such as my friend Sir Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer."  When the Constituent Assembly adopted the principle of universal adult franchise, Shri A.K. Iyer, a member, remarked that this was done, “with an abundant faith in the common man and the ultimate success of democratic rule, and in the full belief that the introduction of democratic government on the basis of adult suffrage will bring enlightenment and promote the well-being, the standard of life, the comfort, and the decent living of the common man


Alladi Memorial Trust was founded in 1983 by Alladi Kuppuswami to commemorate the birth centenary of his father Alladi Krishnaswamy Iyer. It is aimed to help poor litigants, lawyers and students of law and for helping in the administration of justice. Alladi Memorial Lectures are delivered every year on issues relating to the Indian Constitution. The lecturers included V. R. Krishna Iyer, Y. V. Chandrachud, P. C. Rao, Pavani Parameswara Rao, Nandita Haksar, Rama Devi and M. Jagannadha Rao.