दत्तो वामन पोतदार (मृत्यु: 6 अक्टूबर, 1979)

October 06, 2017

दत्तो वामन पोतदार (अंग्रेज़ी: Datto Vaman Potdar, जन्म: 5 अगस्त, 1890 – मृत्यु: 6 अक्टूबर, 1979) साहित्यकार एवं प्रसिद्ध समाजसेवी थे। हिंदी को महाराष्ट्र की दूसरी सबसे बड़ी भाषा बनाने का श्रेय उनको ही है। इनको महाराष्ट्र का 'साहित्यिक भीष्म' भी कहा जाता है। इस कार्य के लिए उन्होंने आजीवन अविवाहित रहकर सेवा करने का दृढ़ निर्णय लिया। उन्हें साहित्य एवं शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में भारत सरकार द्वारा सन् 1967 में पद्म भूषण से सम्मानित किया गया था।


संक्षिप्त परिचय
दत्तो वामन पोतदार का जन्म 5 अगस्त, 1890 को महाराष्ट्र के बीरबंडी नामक कस्बे में हुआ था।
मराठी इतिहास के प्रकांड विद्वान् पोतदार जी अपने आपमें एक संस्था थे।
ये पूना के ‘भारत इतिहास संशोधन मंडल’ के संस्थापक थे जो कि आज एक महत्वपूर्ण स्थापना के रूप में इतिहास के शोध पर उपलब्धियाँ लेकर एक शीर्ष स्थापना मानी जाती है।
मराठी भाषा में इन्होंने सैंकड़ों लेख, किताबें लिखीं, जिन्हें मान्यता प्राप्त है।
दत्तो वामन पोतदार ने पूना विश्वविद्यालय के कुलपति के नाते भी बड़ी जिम्मेदारी निभाई, पर उनकी सबसे महत्वपूर्ण उपलब्धि हैं- राष्ट्रभाषा हिंदी की सेवा।
पूरे महाराष्ट्र में अनेक शिक्षण संस्थाएँ स्थापित कीं। पूना शहर में आप पुस्तकालय तथा वाचनालयों का जो जाल फैला दिखाई देता है, उसमें प्रत्येक में पोतदार जी को श्रेय जाता है।
महाराष्ट्र के राष्ट्रभाषा-प्रचार कार्य में उनकी बड़ी सहायता रही।
वे उत्तम वक्ता और कुशल संगठनकर्ता थे।
मराठी साहित्य सम्मेलन के वे सभापति रहे।



प्रसिद्ध पुस्तकें
‘मराठे आणि इंग्रेज’
‘मराठी गद्याचा इंग्रेजी अवतार’
सम्मान और पुरस्कार[सम्पादन]
सन् 1967 में पद्म भूषण


Dattatray Vaman Potdar (5 August 1890 – 6 October 1979), better known as Datto Vaman Potdar, was an Indian historian, writer, and orator. He was the Vice-Chancellor of University of Pune during 1961 - 1964.


The Government of India had honored Potdar with the title Mahamahopadhyaya in 1946, and Padmabhushan in 1967. Because of his vast knowledge, he was sometimes called as Dr. Johnson of Maharashtra or a living encyclopedia.


Potdar was a disciple of Itihasacharya Rajwade, and a trustee of Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal (इतिहास संशोधक मंडळ) in Pune. His disciples included Sane Guruji, Swami Swaroopanand, Vasudeo Sitaram Bendrey, Setu Madhavrao Pagadi, and R. C. Dhere.
Born in the Sarpotdar family in the village of Birwadi in Raigad District of Maharashtra, Potdar completed his matriculation in 1906 from Nutan Marathi Vidyalaya in Pune, and four years later received a Bachelor’s degree in History and Marathi from Fergusson College (University of Bombay in those days), also in Pune.


During 1912–1920, he taught at, and later served as the Head Master of Nutan Marathi Vidyalaya. During 1921–1935, he served as a professor at New Poona College (later renamed S. P. College) in Pune.


Potdar had mastered Sanskrit to the extent that he could fluently converse in it. He also was proficient in Persian and this proved to be valuable while conducting Historical Research.


He never got married and preferred to remain a bachelor.
In 1910, Sardar Mehendale, V. K. Rajwade, and Potdar founded Itihas Sanshodhak Mandal. Since then, Potdar maintained passionate interest through his life in the growth of the Mandal.


He traveled all over India, collecting historical documents pertaining especially to Maratha empire and Marathi literature. He ran periodicals, delivered speeches, and organized lecture series, inspiring others to research historical papers. He only once went abroad and that was to what in those times was USSR.


In 1965, the Government of Maharashtra appointed Potdar to write the biography of Shivaji, but before he could finish the assignment, he died on 6 October 1979 in Pune.There was some criticism in this respect as there were many in Maharashtra in those times who felt that the delay on his part for such an important project was inexcusable.


Works
Vasantik Upadesh in IX parts (Marathi) – 1917 to 1929
Apale Pune (Marathi) – 1921
Marathi Gadyacha Ingraji Avtar (Marathi) – 1922
Thorle Madhavrao (Marathi) – 1928
Bodhprad Pustika for students in XII parts (Marathi) – 1935
Marathi Itihas va Itihas Sanshodhan (Marathi) – 1935
Maharashtra Sahitya Parishadecha Itihas (Marathi) – 1943
Jaypur Darshan (Marathi) – 1948
Suman Saptak (Marathi) – 1950
Maharashtra Deshachya Itihasache Sankshipt Varnan (Marathi) – 1951
Samaj Shikshan Mala (Marathi) – 1952
Shrote Ho ! (Marathi) – 1959
Bharatachi Bhashan Samasya (Marathi) – 1960
Me Europat kay pahile ? (Marathi) – 1960
Olakh (Marathi) – 1961
Inside Maharashtra (English) – 1964
Lokmanya Tilakanche Sangati (Marathi) – 1975
Besides the above, Potdar has to his credit over 600 historical articles (Marathi and English).