राजमाता विजयाराजे सिंधिया (जन्म- 12 अक्टूबर, 1919)

October 12, 2017

राजमाता विजयाराजे सिंधिया (अंग्रेज़ी; ; जन्म- 12 अक्टूबर, 1919, सागर, मध्य प्रदेश; मृत्यु- 25 जनवरी, 2001, ग्वालियर) 'भारतीय जनता पार्टी' की प्रसिद्ध नेता थीं। इन्हें "ग्वालियर की राजमाता" के रूप में जाना जाता था।


जीवन परिचय
राजमाता विजयाराजे सिंधिया का जन्म 1919 ई. सागर, मध्य प्रदेश के राणा परिवार में हुआ था। विजया राजे सिंधिया के पिता श्री महेन्द्रसिंह ठाकुर जालौन ज़िला के डिप्टी कलैक्टर थे, और विजयाराजे सिंधिया की माता श्रीमती 'विंदेश्वरी देवी' थीं। विजयाराजे सिंधिया का विवाह के पूर्व का नाम 'लेखा दिव्येश्वरी' था। विजयाराजे सिंधिया का विवाह 21 फ़रवरी, 1941 ई. में ग्वालियर के महाराजा जीवाजी राव सिंधिया से हुआ था। विजयाराजे सिंधिया के पुत्र माधवराव सिंधिया, पुत्री वसुंधरा राजे सिंधिया और यशोधरा राजे सिंधिया हैं। ग्वालियर के राजवंश की राजमाता विजयाराजे सिंधिया ने लोगों के दिलों पर बरसों राज किया। सन् 1998 से राजमाता का स्वास्थ्य ख़राब रहने लगा और 25 जनवरी, 2001 में राजमाता विजयाराजे सिंधिया का निधन हो गया।


ग्वालियर भारत के विशालतम और संपन्नतम राजे - रजवाड़ों में से एक है। विजयाराजे सिंधिया अपने पति जीवाजी राव सिंधिया की मृत्यु के बाद कांग्रेस के टिकट पर संसद सदस्य बनीं थीं। अपने सैध्दांतिक मूल्यों के दिशा निर्देश के कारण विजयाराजे सिंधिया कांग्रेस छोड़कर जनसंघ (भाजपा) में शामिल हो गईं। विजयाराजे सिंधिया का रिश्ता एक राजपरिवार से होते हुए भी वे अपनी ईमानदारी, सादगी और प्रतिबद्धता के कारण पार्टी में सर्वप्रिय बन गईं। और शीघ्र ही वे पार्टी में शक्ति स्तंभ के रूप में सामने आईं।


वर्ष पद
1957 लोकसभा (दूसरी) के लिए निर्वाचित
1962 लोकसभा (तीसरी) के लिए पुन: निर्वाचित
1967 मध्य प्रदेश विधान सभा के लिए निर्वाचित
1971 लोकसभा (पाँचवी) के लिए तीसरी बार निर्वाचित
1978 राज्यसभा के लिए निर्वाचित
1989 लोकसभा (नौंवी) के लिए चौथी बार निर्वाचित
1990 सदस्य, मानव संसाधन विकास मंत्रालय की परामर्शदात्री समिति
1991 लोकसभा (दसवीं) के लिए पाँचवी बार निर्वाचित
1957 में विजयाराजे सिंधिया ने कांग्रेस से चुनाव लड़ा और उन्होंने दो कोणीय मुक़ाबले में 'हिन्दू महासभा' के देशपांडे को 60 हज़ार 57 मतों से पराजित किया। 1967 का चुनाव विजयाराजे सिंधिया ने स्वतंत्र प्रत्याशी के तौर पर लड़ा और कांग्रेस के डी. के. जाधव को एक लाख 86 हज़ार 189 मतों से पराजित किया।


सन 1989 के आम चुनाव में विजयाराजे सिंधिया एक बार फिर गुना से भाजपा प्रत्याशी थीं। इससे पहले 22 साल पूर्व सन् 1967 में राजमाता वहाँ से जीती थीं। उनके मुक़ाबले कांग्रेस ने महेंद्रसिंह कालूखेड़ा को मैदान में उतारा। कालूखेड़ा राजमाता के हाथों 1 लाख 46 हज़ार 290 वोटों से परास्त हो गए।


1991 के चुनाव में पुन: विजयाराजे सिंधिया ने कांग्रेस के शशिभूषण वाजपेयी को 55 हज़ार 52 मतों से पराजित किया। विजयाराजे सिंधिया 1996 के चुनाव में फिर उम्मीदवार बनीं और उन्होंने भाजपा के टिकट पर अपनी जीत की हैट्रिक क़ायम करते हुए कांग्रेस के के. पी. सिंह को एक लाख 30 हज़ार 824 मतों से पराजित किया।


1998 के चुनाव में विजयाराजे सिंधिया ने अपनी जीत का सिलसिला चौथी बार भी लगातार जारी रखा। उन्होंने तब कांग्रेस के देवेंद्र सिंह रघुवंशी को एक लाख 29 हज़ार 82 मतों से पराजित कर डाला। 1999 के चुनाव में अस्वस्थ राजमाता ने अपने पुत्र माधवराव सिंधिया को यह आसंदी छोड़ दी और 1999 में माधवराव सिंधिया ने पाँच उम्मीदवारों की मौजूदगी में अपने निकटतम प्रतिद्वंद्वी भाजपा के देशराज सिंह को दो लाख 14 हज़ार 428 मतों से पराजित किया।


राजमाता त्याग एवं समर्पण की प्रति मूर्ति थी। उन्होंने राजसी ठाठ-वाट का मोह त्यागकर जनसेवा को अपनाया तथा सत्ता के शिखर पर पहुँचने के बाद भी उन्होंने जनसेवा से कभी अपना मुख नहीं मोड़ा। इसलिये राजमाता को अपना प्रेरणा स्रोत मानकर हमें उनके पदचिह्नों एवं आदर्शों पर चलना चाहिये।


Vijaya Raje Scindia (12 October 1919 – 25 January 2001) born Lekha Divyeshwari Devi and known popularly as the Rajmata of Gwalior, was a prominent Indian political personality. In the days of the British Raj, as consort of the last ruling Maharaja of Gwalior, Jivajirao Scindia, she ranked among the highest royal figures of the land. In later life, she became a politician of considerable influence and was elected repeatedly to both houses of the Indian parliament. She was also an active member, for many decades, of the Jana Sangh and the Bharatiya Janata Party.


Vijaya Raje Scindia was born in 1919 at Sagar in present-day Madhya Pradesh, the eldest child of Thakur Mahendra Singh, a government officer, by his second wife, Chuda Devashwari Devi. She was named Lekha Divyeshwari Devi at birth. Her father was a deputy collector in the provincial administration. Her mother, who belonged to the influential Rana family of Nepal, died at Vijaya Raje's birth. Her brother's name is Dhyanendra Singh, who is married to Maya Singh.


Lekha's maternal grandfather, Khadga Shumsher Jang Bahadur Rana, had been exiled to India and had taken up residence at Sagar. It was in Sagar that Lekha was born. Her mother's death meant that Lekha never lived with her father: she was raised in the household of her maternal grandparents. The young Lekha was deeply influenced by her grandmother, Rani Dhan Kumari, an exceedingly pious lady of orthodox disposition. The impress of this early influence was to leave a lasting impact on Lekha's personality.


Although her family was aristocratic, their exile status meant that they were not very affluent. To this circumstance may be attributed the fact that Lekha received a relatively normal upbringing and a standard education, suitable to modernizing, upwardly mobile families rather than aristocratic ones. She was educated at home initially, later studying at both the Vasanta College, Benares, and the Isabella Thoburn College, Lucknow. She stayed at a ladies hostel during this period and lived largely as other students did. During this period, the Indian independence movement was at it peak. Already drawn towards austerity by the influence of her grandmother, Lekha gave up the use of foreign goods and fabrics.


The era of leading a normal life was however destined to end at quite an early age. In 1941, at the age of 22, Lekha was married to Jivajirao Scindia, Maharaja of Gwalior, one of the largest, richest and highest-ranking 21-gun-salute princely states in India. As per tradition, a new name was chosen for Lekha based upon the matching of the couple's horoscopes, and she assumed the name 'Vijayaraje Scindia'.


Padmavati Raje 'Akkasaheb' Burman (1942–64), who wed Kirit Deb Burman, last ruling Maharaja of Tripura.


Usha Raje Rana (b. 1943), who wed her distant cousin, Pashupati Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, a Nepali politician belonging to the Rana dynasty. They are the parents of Devyani Rana and Urvashi Rana; see Nepalese royal massacre.


Madhavrao Scindia (1945–2001), prominent Indian politician belonging to the Congress Party, and the titular Maharaja of Gwalior. He is the father of Jyotiraditya Scindia.


Vasundhara Raje (b. 1953) prominent BJP politician and presently (2014) Chief Minister of Rajasthan for the second time. She was formerly married to the titular Maharaja of Dholpur.


Yashodhara Raje (b. 1954), an aspiring BJP politician. She was formerly married to Dr. Siddharth Bhansali, a US-based cardiologist.

Vijaya Raje's relationship with her husband and its conformed, by every account, to the Indian ideal of perfect harmony; this is easy enough to believe, as Vijayaraje, the supreme traditionalist, would have deemed it her duty to defer to him, and to family elders, on all matters.


The situation was in every sense reversed where her children were concerned. The demise of Jiyajirao in 1961 left Vijayaraje the only parent for her growing children. True to her character, Vijayaraje proved an exacting and somewhat martinet parent; she expected her children to meet her own idealised standards of lifestyle and behavior. This did not make for particular warmth, and in later life, Vijayaraje's relationship with her adult children wavered between the formally cordial and the antagonistic. In her autobiography, she regretfully recounts how little sympathy she was able to extend to her two younger daughters in their troubled marriages, and wonders whether her husband may not have handled those situations better.


Her relationship with her only son was especially troubled; personal problems were exacerbated by political differences, and she sometimes felt moved to attack his character in public. Indeed, when her will was read shortly after her death, it was found that she had forbidden her son from participating in her funerary obsequies. This is the ultimate castigation an orthodox Hindu can mete out to a son. Her children have occasionally attributed these family differences to the baneful influence of Vijayaraje's advisors, but most observers disagree with this assessment.


Vijayaraje was initiated into electoral politics in 1957 when she contested and won the Guna Lok Sabha seat in Madhya Pradesh on a Congress ticket. Five years later, she won on a Congress ticket from Gwalior. Later, she quit the Congress and won the Guna seat in 1967 on Swatantra Party's ticket. She soon joined Bharatiya Jan Sangh and resigned from Lok Sabha to take part in state politics. She won the Karera assembly seat in Madhya Pradesh as the Jan Sangh candidate in 1967 and plunged headlong into state politics. Jan Sangh defied the Indira-wave in the 1971 Lok Sabha polls to win 3 seats in Gwalior region - Vijaya Raje Scindia from Bhind, Vajpayee from Gwalior and Madhavrao Scindia from Guna, though he later left the party. Vijayaraje Scindia did not contest Lok Sabha elections in 1977 and 1984 and lost to Indira Gandhi in Rae Bareli in 1980. In 1989, she won from Guna as member of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), and retained the seat in 1991, 1996 and 1998. She did not contest the elections in 1999 due to old age. She was jailed by Indira Gandhi during the Emergency, ultimately sharing a cell with fellow Rajmata and MP, Gayatri Devi, in Tihar Jail. In the 1970s, Vijayraje and her son Madhavrao were involved in a public dispute over property. Animosities heightened due to their differing political ideologies.


Vijayaraje came to the forefront of the BJP leadership in 1980 when she was made one of its vice-presidents. She played a key role in propagating the party's Ramjanmabhoomi agenda and was considered a hardliner. She remained a BJP vice-president until 1998 when she stepped down on health grounds and quit electoral politics. She died in January 2001.