नुसरत फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ (जन्म: 13 अक्टूबर, 1948)

October 13, 2017

नुसरत फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ (जन्म: 13 अक्टूबर, 1948, लायलपुर {वर्तमान फ़ैसलाबाद}, पाकिस्तान; मृत्यु: 16 अगस्त, 1997, लंदन, इंग्लैंड) मुस्लिम सूफ़ी भक्ति संगीत की विधा क़व्वाली के महानतम गायक थे।


कला जगत में प्रवेश
1996 में उन्होंने पाया कि वह अमेरिकी मनोरंजन व्यवसाय के केंद्र में पहुँच चुके हैं। उन्होंने फ़िल्मों के लिए गाने रिकार्ड कराए, एम. टी. वी. पर आए और कई धर्मनिरपेक्ष गाने रिकार्ड किए, जिन्हें विशेष रूप से पश्चिमी श्रोताओं ने सराहा। कुछ को ऐसा लगा कि इस प्रकार का गायन सूफ़ी संगीत को जन्म देने वाली आध्यात्मिक विरासत और उनकी जन्मभूमि के लाखों प्रशंसकों के साथ विश्वासघात है, लेकिन नुसरत का मानना था कि उन्होंने कुछ भी छोड़ा नहीं और वह केवल अपने स्वर की गहराइयों को पाने की कोशिश में थे। वह ज़्यादा श्रोताओं के साथ अपनी प्रतिभा और संगीत विरासत की भागीदारी के इच्छुक रहे, फिर भी वह संभलकर चलने और अपनी आस्था से समझौता न करने के प्रति भी सतर्क रहे। 16 अगस्त 1997 में 49 वर्ष की आयु में हृदय गति रुक जाने से उनका निधन हो गया। उनकी असामयिक मृत्यु के कुछ ही पहले एक भारतीय फ़िल्म के लिए उनकी पहली संगीत रचना प्रदर्शित हुई थी।


उनके पिता फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ और उनके दो चाचा शास्त्रीय शैली के प्रसिद्ध क़व्वाल थे। नुसरत ने संगीत की शिक्षा अपने पिता से हासिल की, लेकिन 1964 में अपने पिता की अंत्येष्टि पर गाने के बाद ही क़व्वाली परंपरा के प्रति अपने को समर्पित किया। दो साल बाद उन्होंने अपने चाचाओं के साथ अपनी पहली मंचीय प्रस्तुति दी।


1970 के दशक के शुरू में उन्होंने स्वयं को पूरे पाकिस्तान में अपने समय के उत्कृष्ट क़व्वाल के रूप में स्थापित कर दिया। 1985 में इंग्लैंड में विश्व संगीत सम्मेलन में गाने के बाद उनकी प्रतिभा की चर्चा चारों ओर फैलनी शुरू हो गई और शीघ्र ही वह नियमित रूप से यूरोप भर में प्रदर्शन करने लगे। उन्होंने पहली बार 1989 में अमेरिका का भ्रमण किया और 1992 में वाशिंगटन विश्वविद्यालय में अतिथि कलाकार के रूप में एक साल बिताया।


आमतौर पर तबला, हारमोनियम और साथी गायकों की संगत में ख़ां बहुत ऊँचे सुर (पारिवारिक विशेषता) में गाते थे। उनकी आवाज़ बहुत सशक्त और अत्यंत अभिव्यंजक थी। शायद उनकी सबसे बड़ी विशेषता उनका सुरीला सृजन और लगातार गाने की विलक्षण क्षमता था। उन्हें दस घंटे तक लगातार गाने के लिए जाना जाता था। हालांकि 1996 तक मधुमेह और उम्र के कारण उनकी ऊर्जा कुछ कम हो गई थी।


Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan (Urdu/Punjabi: نصرت فتح علی خان‎‎; 13 October 1948 – 16 August 1997) was a Pakistani legendary musician, primarily a singer of Qawwali, the devotional music of the Sufis. Widely considered one of the greatest voices ever recorded, he possessed an extraordinary range of vocal abilities and could perform at a high level of intensity for several hours. Extending the 600-year old Qawwali tradition of his family, Khan is widely credited with introducing Qawwali music to international audiences. He is popularly known as "Shahenshah-e-Qawwali", meaning "The King of Qawwali".


Born in Faisalabad, Khan had his first public performance at the age of 16, at his father's chelum. He became the head of the family qawwali party in 1971. He was signed by Oriental Star Agencies, Birmingham, England in the early 1980s. Khan went on to release movie scores and albums in Europe, India, Japan, Pakistan and the US. He engaged in collaborations and experiments with Western artists, becoming a well-known world music artist. He toured extensively, performing in over 40 countries.


Khan was born in a Punjabi Muslim family in Faisalabad in 1948, shortly after the partition of India in 1947 during which his family had migrated to Pakistan from their native city of Jalandhar in East Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, India).He originates from Basti Sheikh in Jalandhar. His ancestors learnt music and singing there and adopted it as a profession. He was the fifth child and first son of Fateh Ali Khan, a musicologist, vocalist, instrumentalist, and qawwal. Khan's family, which included four older sisters and a younger brother, Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan, grew up in central Faisalabad. The tradition of qawwali in the family had passed down through successive generations for almost 600 years. Initially, his father did not want Khan to follow the family's vocation. He had his heart set on Nusrat choosing a much more respectable career path and becoming a doctor or engineer, because he felt Qawwali artists had low social status. However, Khan showed such an aptitude for and interest in Qawwali, that his father finally relented. He began by learning the tabla before moving on to vocals. In 1964, Khan's father died, leaving his musical education under the supervision of his paternal uncles, Mubarak Ali Khan and Salamat Ali Khan. He is the uncle of singer Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.


In 1971, after the death of his uncle Mubarak Ali Khan, Khan became the official leader of the family Qawwali party and the party became known as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Mujahid Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Khan's first public performance as the leader of the Qawwali party was at a studio recording broadcast as part of an annual music festival organised by Radio Pakistan, known as Jashn-e-Baharan. Khan sang mainly in Urdu and Punjabi and occasionally in Persian, Braj Bhasha and Hindi. His first major hit in Pakistan was the song Haq Ali Ali, which was performed in a traditional style and with traditional instrumentation. The song featured restrained use of Khan's sargam improvisations.


In the summer of 1985, Khan performed at the World of Music, Arts and Dance (WOMAD) festival in London. He performed in Paris in 1985 and 1988. He first visited Japan in 1987, at the invitation of the Japan Foundation. He performed at the 5th Asian Traditional Performing Art Festival in Japan. He also performed at Brooklyn Academy of Music, New York in 1989, earning him admiration from the American audience.


Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, throughout his career, had great understanding with many south Asian singers such as the (late) Alam Lohar, the (late) Noor Jehan, and various other Pakistani and Indian singers.


In the 1992–93 academic year, Khan was a Visiting Artist in the Ethnomusicology department at the University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, United States.


In 1988, Khan teamed with Peter Gabriel on the soundtrack to The Last Temptation of Christ, which led to Khan being signed to Gabriel's Real World label. He would go on to release five albums of traditional Qawwali through Real World, along with the more experimental albums Mustt Mustt (1990), Night Song (1996), and the posthumous remix album Star Rise (1997).


Khan's experimental work for Real World, which featured his collaborations with the Canadian guitarist Michael Brook, spurred on several further collaborations with a number of other Western composers and rock musicians. One of the most noteworthy of these collaborations came in 1995, when Khan grouped with Pearl Jam's lead singer Eddie Vedder on two songs for the soundtrack to Dead Man Walking. Khan also provided vocals for The Prayer Cycle, which was put together by Jonathan Elias, but died before the tracks could be completed. Alanis Morissette was brought in to sing with his unfinished vocals. In 2002, Gabriel included Khan's vocals on the posthumously released track "Signal to Noise" on his album Up.


Khan's album Intoxicated Spirit was nominated for a Grammy award in 1997 for best traditional folk album. That same year, his album Night Song was also nominated for a Grammy Award for Best World Music Album, but lost out to The Chieftains' album Santiago.


Khan contributed songs to, and performed in, several Pakistani films. Shortly before his death, he composed music for three Bollywood films, which includes the film Aur Pyaar Ho Gaya, in which he also sang for "Koi Jaane Koi Na Jaane" onscreen with the lead pair, and "Zindagi Jhoom Kar"; He also composed music for Kartoos, where he sang for "Ishq Da Rutba", and "Bahaa Na Aansoo", alongside Udit Narayan. He died very shortly prior to the movie's release. His final music composition for Bollywood was for the movie, Kachche Dhaage, where he sang in "Iss Shaan-E-Karam Ka Kya Kehna". The movie was released in 1999, two years after his death. It is notable that the two legendary singing sisters of Bollywood, Asha Bhosle and Lata Mangeshkar sang for the songs he composed in his brief stint in Bollywood. He sang "Saya Bhi Saath Jab Chhod Jaye" for Sunny Deol's movie Dillagi. The song was released in 1999, two years after Khan's death. He also sang "Dulhe Ka Sehra" from the Bollywood movie Dhadkan which was released in 2000.


Khan contributed the song "Gurus of Peace" to the album Vande Mataram, composed by A. R. Rahman, and released to celebrate the 50th anniversary of India's independence. As a posthumous tribute, Rahman later released an album titled Gurus of Peace, which featured "Allah Hoo" by Khan. Rahman's 2007 song "Tere Bina" was also composed as a tribute to Khan.


After traveling to London from his native Pakistan for treatment for liver and kidney problems, Khan was rushed from the airport to Cromwell Hospital.


London's Daily Telegraph reported that doctors at the hospital attributed Khan's death to his treatment in Pakistan with infected dialysis equipment, from which they said he contracted hepatitis. The singer, who various reports said weighed over 300 pounds, had been seriously ill for several months, according to a spokesperson at his U.S. label, American Recordings.


He died of a sudden cardiac arrest at Cromwell Hospital, London on 16 August 1997, aged 48. His body was repatriated to Faisalabad, and his funeral was a public affair. He was buried in Kabootran Wala Qabristan also known as Jhang Road Graveyard on Jhang Road, Faisalabad.Map


His wife, Naheed Nusrat, died on 13 September 2013 in Credit Valley Hospital in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Naheed had moved to Canada after the death of her husband. She is survived by their daughter Nida Khan. Khan's musical legacy is now carried forward by his nephew, Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.


Khan is widely considered to be the most important qawwal in history. In 1987, he received the President of Pakistan's Award for Pride of Performance for his contribution to Pakistani music. In 1995, he received the UNESCO Music Prize. In 1996 he was awarded Grand Prix des Amériques at Montreal World Film Festival for exceptional contribution to the art of cinema.In the same year, Khan received the Arts and Culture Prize of the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes. In Japan, he was also remembered as the Budai or "Singing Buddha". In 2005, Khan received the "Legends" award at the UK Asian Music Awards. Time magazine's issue of 6 November 2006, "60 Years of Asian Heroes", lists him as one of the top 12 artists and thinkers in the last 60 years. He also appeared on NPR's 50 great voices list in 2010. In August 2010 he was included in CNN's list of the twenty most iconic musicians from the past fifty years. In 2008, Khan was listed in 14th position in UGO's list of the best singers of all time.


Many honorary titles were bestowed upon Khan during his 25-year music career. He was given the title of Ustad (the master) after performing classical music at a function in Lahore on his father's death anniversary.