सिस्टर यूप्रासिआ (जन्म- 17 अक्टूबर, 1877)

October 17, 2017

सिस्टर यूप्रासिआ (जन्म- 17 अक्टूबर, 1877, त्रिशूर, केरल; मृत्यु- 29 अगस्त, 1952) भारतीय ईसाई महिला संत थीं। 23 नवम्बर, 2014 को वेटिकन शहर में पोप फ़्राँसिस ने सेंट पीटर स्क्वायर पर उन्हें मरणोपरान्त 'संत' की उपाधि दी।

सिस्टर यूप्रासिआ का जन्म 17 अक्टूबर, 1877 ई. में केरल के त्रिशूर ज़िले में हुआ था।
वे जीवन भर त्रिशूर के आश्रम में ही रहीं।
'प्रेयरिंग मदर' के नाम से मशहूर सिस्टर यूप्रासिआ अपने पास आने वाले पीडि़तों को सांत्वना और जीवन के संबंध में सलाह देती थीं।
उन्हें संत घोषित करने की प्रक्रिया वर्ष 1987 में शुरू हुई थी।
केरल के सदियों पुराने 'मालाबार कैथोलिक चर्च' के पास अब तीन ऐसे ईसाई संतों के नाम हैं, जिन्हें पोप द्वारा 'संत' घोषित किया गया है। 2008 में सबसे पहले 'सिस्टर अलफोंसा' को यह उपाधि मिली थी। 23 नवम्बर, 2014 को 'कुरिआकोसी इलिआस चावारा' और 'सिस्टर यूप्रासिआ' को यह उपाधि दी गई।

Marth Euphrasia Eluvathingal also called Saint Euphrasia Eluvathingal baptised as Rosa Eluvathingal (17 October 1877 – 29 August 1952) was an Indian Carmelite nun of the Syro-Malabar Church which is an Eastern Catholic Church and a part of the Saint Thomas Christian community in Kerala. She was canonised as a Saint by Pope Francis on 23 November 2014 in Vatican City. Her feast is August 29.

She was born Rosa Eluvathingal on 17 October 1877 in a Syro-Malabar Catholic Nasrani family in Kattoor, Irinjalakuda,Thrissur district, in Kerala. Rosa was the eldest child of wealthy landowner Cherpukaran Antony and his wife Kunjethy. She was baptised on 25 October 1877 in Mother of Carmel Forane Church in Edathuruthyo pray the rosary and to participate in the Qurbana. At the age of nine, Rosa is said to have experienced an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which led her to make a commitment never to marry, and to commit her entire life to God. When she was ten, she entered the boarding school attached to the first indigenous Carmelite community in the Syro-Malabar Church, founded by Saints Kuriakose Elias Chavara and Leopold Beccaro in 1866 at Koonammavu in Ernakulam District.

As she grew older, Rosa wanted to enter the Sisters of the Mother of Carmel, who follow the Rule of the Third Order of the Discalced Carmelites. Her father opposed this, as he wanted to arrange a marriage for her with the son of another prosperous family in the region. Seeing her resolve, her father eventually relented and accompanied her to the convent.

In 1897, Mar John Menachery, the first native Bishop of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Archeparchy of Thrissur, established a Carmelite Convent in Ambazakad (now belonging to the Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Irinjalakuda). On 9 May, he brought all five inmates from Koonammavu who belonged to his diocese. The next day Rosa was received as a postulant, taking the name Sister Euphrasia of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and was admitted to the novitiate of the congregation on 10 January 1898. Her constant poor health, however, threatened her stay in the convent, as the superiors considered dismissing her.

The bed where Euphrasia died in St Mary's convent, Ollur, Thrissur, shown in the museum.
Euphrasia is said to have had a vision of the Holy Family, at which point the illness she had long felt ceased. Euphrasia made her solemn profession on 24 May 1900, during the blessing of the newly founded St. Mary's Convent, Ollur or Chinna Roma. After she took her perpetual vows, she was appointed assistant to the Novice Mistress. Though frail in health, in 1904 Euphrasia was appointed Novice Mistress of the congregation. She held this position for nine years until 1913, when she was made Mother Superior of the convent, where she was to live the rest of her life, serving as Mother Superior until 1916.

She endeavoured to lead a life of constant prayer and of devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, becoming known to many people as the Praying Mother.Euphrasia spent much of her day in the convent chapel before the Blessed Sacrament, to which she had a strong devotion. She also nourished a great love and devotion for the Virgin Mary. Euphrasia died on 29 August 1952 at St. Mary's Convent. Her tomb has become a pilgrimage site as miracles have been reported by some of the faithful.

The first reported miracle was curing a carpenter from bone cancer. Thomas Tharakan from Anchery in Ollur, a furniture polishing worker, was diagnosed with cancer by the Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute in Thrissur. Thomas was admitted to the hospital for one week. Later before the surgery, a scan by the doctor showed no sign of tumour, despite an earlier scan report showing clear evidence of a tumour. Thomas's sister, Rosy, later claimed that cure was the result of her prayer to Euphrasia.

The second reported miracle happened to a seven-year old child named Jewel from Aloor in Thrissur District. The child had a tumour in his neck which made it difficult for him to swallow any food. Doctors at Dhanya Hospital in Potta, Thrissur District, had said that this disease was incurable. As Jewel's family came from a poor background, their only option was to pray for divine intercession. After his grandmother prayed to Euphrasia, doctors noticed that his tumour began to shrink. Dr Sasikumar of Dhanya Hospital examined him once again and found the tumour to have disappeared. Many other doctors examined the boy and stated that there was no medical basis for this event.

On 3 April 2014, Pope Francis authorised the Congregation for the Causes of Saints to promulgate the decrees concerning the miracle attributed to Euphrasia's intercession. This confirmed the Pope's approval of Euphrasia's canonisation. At a special mass held at St Peter's Square at Vatican City on 23 November 2014, Pope Francis canonised Euphrasia as a saint. Mother Sancta, Mother General of Congregation of the Mother of Carmel (CMC), carried the relics of Euphrasia to the altar.