दूधनाथ सिंह (जन्म: 17 अक्टूबर, 1936)

October 17, 2017

दूधनाथ सिंह (अंग्रेज़ी:Doodhnath Singh, जन्म: 17 अक्टूबर, 1936) हिन्दी के प्रसिद्ध कहानीकार, उपन्यासकार, नाटककार एवं कवि है। दूधनाथ सिंह ने अपनी कहानियों के माध्यम से साठोत्तरी भारत के पारिवारिक, सामाजिक, आर्थिक, नैतिक एवं मानसिक सभी क्षेत्रों में उत्पन्न विसंगतियों को चुनौती दी।


जीवन परिचय
दूधनाथ सिंह का जन्म उत्तर प्रदेश के बलिया ज़िले के सोबंथा गाँव में 17 अक्टूबर 1936 को हुआ था। इलाहाबाद विश्वविद्यालय से हिंदी साहित्य में एम. ए. करने के पश्चात कुछ दिनों तक कलकत्ता (अब कोलकाता) में अध्यापन करने के पश्चात् इलाहाबाद विश्वविद्यालय के हिंदी विभाग में प्राध्यापन करने लगे। सेवानिवृति के बाद अब पूरी तरह से लेखन के लिए समर्पित हो गये।



उपन्यास
आख़िरी कलाम
निष्कासन
नमो अंधकारम्
कहानी संग्रह
सपाट चेहरे वाला आदमी
सुखांत
प्रेमकथा का अंत न कोई
माई का शोकगीत
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे
तू फू
कथा समग्र
कविता संग्रह
अगली शताब्दी के नाम
एक और भी आदमी है
युवा खुशबू
सुरंग से लौटते हुए (लंबी कविता)
नाटक
यमगाथा
आलोचना
निराला : आत्महंता आस्था
महादेवी
मुक्तिबोध : साहित्य में नई प्रवृत्तियाँ
संस्मरण
लौट आ ओ धार
साक्षात्कार : कहा-सुनी
संपादन
तारापथ (सुमित्रानंदन पंत की कविताओं का चयन)
एक शमशेर भी है
दो शरण (निराला की भक्ति कविताएँ)
भुवनेश्वर समग्र
पक्षधर (पत्रिका - आपात काल के दौरान एक अंक का संपादन
जिसे सरकार द्वारा जब्त कर लिया गया)


सम्मान और पुरस्कार
भारतेंदु सम्मान
शरद जोशी स्मृति सम्मान
कथाक्रम सम्मान
साहित्य भूषण सम्मान


Doodhnath Singh (17 October 1936 – 12 January 2018) was an Indian Hindi language writer, critic and poet. Born in Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, Singh studied Hindi at the University of Allahabad and served as an assistant professor there until 1994. In 2014, the government of Uttar Pradesh honoured him with their Bharat Bharti Samman.


Some of Singh's well known works were Sapaat Chehre Wala Aadmi, Aakhri Kalaam, Nishkaasan, Bhai Ka Shok Geet, Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra and Surang se Lautate Huye. He was also a literary analyst and critic, poet and playwright.


Born on 17 October 1936 in Sobantha village of Ballia district, Uttar Pradesh to Devkinandan Singh, a farmer. Doodhnath Singh was the eldest of three brothers.His was a family of limited means and after completing his primary schooling from a government school in a nearby village, Singh attended the Merchant Inter College in Chitbara Gaon. At an early age, he developed a keen interest in reading and kept books with him while taking his cattle for grazing. When other shepherds teased him, he climbed on the branches of trees to read his books. With the support of his uncle he completed his graduation and on the recommendation of the then district magistrate of Ballia, Singh later shifted to Allahabad and received his Master of Arts degree in Hindi literature from Allahabad University.


Singh was the principal of Rangoota High School, Kolkata before becoming the sub-editor of a Hindi literature magazine. Here he came in contact with Sumitranandan Pant and was appointed an assistant professor of Hindi language in Allahabad University, a post he held till his retirement in 1994.Some of Singh's well known works were Sapaat Chehre Wala Aadmi, Aakhri Kalaam, Nishkaasan, Maai Ka Shok Geet, Dharmakshetra-Kurukshetra and Surang se Lautate Huye. He also authored three collections of poems, Ek Aur Bhi Aadmi Hai, Agli Shatabdi Ke Naam and Yuva Khusboo. He was also a literary critic and published his analysis of the works of Suryakant Tripathi 'Nirala', Mahadevi Varma and Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh.


Singh was a recipient of Bharat Bharti Award (hi) and Maithlisharan Gupta Samman (hi), highest literary honours of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh respectively. He was also the national president of Janwadi Lekhak Sangh. Along with Gyan Ranjan (hi), Kashinath Singh and Ravindra Kalia (hi), he was known as the "Four friends of Hindi".


Singh was married to Nirmala Thakur. In October 2017, while he was admitted at New Delhi's All India Institutes of Medical Sciences, Singh was diagnosed with prostate cancer. On 26 December, he returned to Allahabad. However, after his condition worsened, Singh was admitted to Phoenix hospital where he suffered cardiac arrest and was placed on life support. He died on 12 January 2018.He was survived by two sons and one daughter. As per his wishes his eyes were donated.Singh's death was condoled by the former chief minister, Akhilesh Yadav and he was cremated at Rasulabad Ghat, where as per traditions, his eldest son Animesh Thakur performed his funeral rites.