Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

May 10, 2016

May 10
• 1904 – The Horch & Cir. Motorwagenwerke AG is founded. It would eventually become the Audi company.
• 1908 – Mother's Day is observed for the first time in the United States, in Grafton, West Virginia.
• 1916 – Sailing in the lifeboat James Caird, Ernest Shackleton arrives at South Georgia after a journey of 800 nautical miles from Elephant Island.
• 1922 – The United States annexes the Kingman Reef.
• 1924 – J. Edgar Hoover is appointed first Director of the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and remains so until his death in 1972.
• 1933 – Censorship: In Germany, the Nazis stage massive public book burnings.
• 1940 – World War II: German fighters accidentally bomb the German city of Freiburg.
• 1940 – World War II: German raids on British shipping convoys and military airfields begin.
• 1940 – World War II: Germany invades Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg.
• 1940 – World War II: Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain.
• 1940 – World War II: Invasion of Iceland by the United Kingdom.
• 1941 – World War II: The House of Commons in London is damaged by the Luftwaffe in an air raid.
• 1941 – World War II: Rudolf Hess parachutes into Scotland to try to negotiate a peace deal between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany.
• 1942 – World War II: The Thai Phayap Army invades the Shan States during the Burma Campaign.
• 1946 – First successful launch of an American V-2 rocket at White Sands Proving Ground.
• 1948 – The Republic of China implements "temporary provisions" granting President Chiang Kai-shek extended powers to deal with the Communist uprising; they will remain in effect until 1991.
• 1954 – Bill Haley & His Comets release "Rock Around the Clock", the first rock and roll record to reach number one on the Billboard charts.
• 1960 – The nuclear submarine USS Triton completes Operation Sandblast, the first underwater circumnavigation of the earth.
• 1962 – Marvel Comics publishes the first issue of The Incredible Hulk.
• 1969 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Ap Bia begins with an assault on Hill 937. It will ultimately become known as Hamburger Hill.
• 1970 – Bobby Orr scores "The Goal" to win the 1970 Stanley Cup Finals, for the Boston Bruins' fourth NHL championship in their history.
• 1972 – First flight of the Fairchild Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II (a.k.a. "Warthog").
• 1975 – Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder in Japan.
• 1979 – The Federated States of Micronesia become self-governing.
• 1981 – François Mitterrand wins the presidential election and becomes the first Socialist President of France in the French Fifth Republic.
• 1993 – In Thailand, a fire at the Kader Toy Factory kills 156 workers.
• 1994 – Nelson Mandela is inaugurated as South Africa's first black president.
• 1997 – A 7.3 Mw earthquake strikes Iran's Khorasan Province, killing 1,567, injuring over 2,300, leaving 50,000 homeless, and damaging or destroying over 15,000 homes.
• 1997 – The Maeslantkering, a storm surge barrier in the Netherlands that is one of the world's largest moving structures, is opened by Queen Beatrix.
• 2002 – FBI agent Robert Hanssen is sentenced to life imprisonment without the possibility of parole for selling United States secrets to Russia for $1.4 million in cash and diamonds.
• 2005 – A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutyunian lands about 65 feet (20 meters) from U.S. President George W. Bush while he is giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.
• 2008 – An EF4 tornado strikes the Oklahoma–Kansas state line, killing 21 people and injuring over 100.
• 2012 – The Damascus bombings are carried out using a pair of car bombs detonated by suicide bombers outside of a military intelligence complex in Damascus,Syria, killing 55 people and injuring 400 others
• 2013 – One World Trade Center becomes the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere.