गोदावरीश मिश्र ( जन्म- 26 अक्टूबर, 1886)

October 26, 2017

गोदावरीश मिश्र ( जन्म- 26 अक्टूबर, 1886, पुरी, उड़ीसा; मृत्यु- 25 जुलाई, 1956) उड़ीसा के प्रसिद्ध समाज सुधारक, साहित्यकार और सार्वजनिक कार्यकर्ता थे। इन्होंने कविता, नाटक, उपन्यास, कहानियाँ तथा जीवन चरित्र आदि लिखे हैं। 'भारतीय साहित्य अकादमी' ने इनकी आत्मकथा को पुरस्कृत किया था। गोदावरीश मिश्र जी ने 1941 में उड़ीशा के शिक्षामंत्री और वित्तमंत्री का पद भी सम्भाला था।


जन्म तथा शिक्षा
गोदावरीश मिश्र जी का जन्म 26 अक्टूबर, 1886 ई. में उड़ीसा के पुरी ज़िले में 'बाणपुर' नामक स्थान पर हुआ था। उन्होंने ने कोलकाता (भूतपूर्व कलकत्ता) से एम.ए. और बी.टी. की परीक्षाएं उत्तीर्ण की थीं। उड़ीसा की महान विभूति का निधन 25 जुलाई, 1956 ई. को हुआ।


देश सेवा की और सामाजिक बुराइयों को दूर करने की भावना गोदावरीश मिश्र के अन्दर आरंभ से ही थी। बहुत-सी रूढ़ियों का पालन न करने के कारण सामाजिक बहिष्कार की भी उन्होंने परवाह नहीं की। उनके सामने अध्ययन के लिये इंग्लैण्ड और अमेरिका जाने का अवसर भी आया, परंतु उन्होंने अस्वीकार कर दिया।


भारत की अंग्रेज़ी सरकार उन्हें डिप्टी कलेक्टर की नौकरी भी दे रही थी, लेकिन उन्होंने उसे भी स्वीकार नहीं किया। इसके स्थान पर उन्होंने पं. गोपबन्धु द्वारा स्थापित 'सत्यवादी स्कूल' में 30 रुपये प्रतिमाह वेतन पर अध्यापक बनना स्वीकार किया। इससे यह सिद्ध हो जाता है कि वे एक सच्चे राष्ट्र भक्त थे और देश सेवा की भावना उनके भीतर गहराई तक जमी हुई थी। राष्ट्रीय नव जागरण के क्षेत्र में भी गोदावरीश मिश्र की लेखनी का बड़ा योगदान रहा।


उड़िया भाषा के प्रमुख रचनाकार के रूप में गोदावरीश मिश्र ने कविता, उपन्यास, नाटक, कहानियाँ, जीवन चरित्र आदि सभी विधाओं में लेखन किया। उनकी आत्मकथा को 'भारतीय साहित्य अकादमी' ने उनकी मृत्यु के बाद पुरस्कृत किया था। उनके कुछ कविता संग्रह इस प्रकार हैं


कुसुम - 1919
कलिका - 1921
किसलय - 1922
आलेखिका, कवितायन - 1926
चयनिका - 1932
गीतायन - 1953
गीति गुच्छ - 1960
शिक्षा और वित्तमंत्री
राष्ट्रपिता महात्मा गाँधी के रचनात्मक कार्यों को आगे बढ़ाने के लिये प्रयत्नशील गोदावरीश मिश्र की इतनी मान्यता थी कि 1927 में अपने उड़ीसा के भ्रमण के समय गाँधी जी दो दिन उनके घर पर टिके थे। 'स्वराज्य पार्टी' के टिकट पर वे बिहार-उड़ीसा कौसिल के सदस्य भी रहे। 1941 में उन्होंने उड़ीसा के शिक्षा और वित्तमंत्री का पदभार संभाला। 'उत्कल विश्वविद्यालय' की स्थापना उनके अथक प्रयत्नों से ही सम्भव हुई थी।


Pandit Godabarish Mishra (26 October 1886 - 26 July 1956) was a poet and notable socialist from Odisha, India. He is known for his contribution to Odia literature.Godabarish Mishra was born to Lingaraj Mishra & Apsara Devi in Srinibaspur Sasan, near Banapur, Khordha.He participated in the non-cooperation movement of 1921 and worked as an editor of The Samaja (started by Gopabandhu Das) for 2 years. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi and Pandit Gopabandhu Das, he joined the Congress party and was a member of the Vidhan Sabha (Lower House) of the Orissa Legislative Assembly.Mishra completed his primary education from the village school and then received his higher education from the Puri District School in 1906 and enrolled in Ravenshaw College. He used to take tuition to cover the college fees. He received his B.A. in Philosophy in 1910. He obtained his M.A. in economics in Calcutta in 1912 Mishra completed his primary education from the village school and then received his higher education from the Puri District School in 1906 and enrolled in Ravenshaw College. He used to take tuition to cover the college fees. He received his B.A. in Philosophy in 1910. He obtained his M.A. in economics in Calcutta in 1912.


Work


In teaching
He was a teacher in the Satyabadi School from 1913 to 1919. Then, he became the headmaster of Chakradharpur High School in the Singhbhum district (Now in Jharkhand) from 1919 to 1921. His aim was to preserve the Odia language in the district of Singhbhumi. After taking part in the non-cooperation movement, he returned to his home village in 1922 and was involved in establishing new schools, small-scale industries, farms and social welfare organizations.


The Samaja
In 1928 he became the Editor of The Samaja, an Orissa local newspaper, holding that position for approximately two years, after the founder died.


In Utkal Samilani
He was associated with Utkal Samilani from 1919 to 1955. He was the President of the Utkal Samilani Special Conference held at Berhampur in 1955. He met Pundit Gopabandhu by chance while staying in a hostel. He was one of Gopabandhu's "Pancahsakha" (five friends).


Work with Oriya literature
Although he belonged to a conservative Brahmin family, Mishra was a socialist. He was against caste discrimination. He didn't wear his sacred thread and also wore a moustache, which is against the Brahmin caste system. His work includes many essays, stories, novels, poems, biographies and translations. His poems played a crucial role in creating awareness towards that nation. His dramas Purushottam Deb, Mukunda Deb and Ardha Shatabdi Ra Orissa O Tahin Re Mo Sthana are significant tributes to Oriya literature.[citation needed] He was also a competent editor. He published magazine Lokamukha from Banapur in 1924. He also used to write for the Eastcoast (An English paper) published by Shashi Bhusan Rath. He was awarded a doctorate in literature from Utkal University.
Participation in the Non-cooperation Movement



He was the member of the district board from 1924 to 1933. He was a member of Orissa Vidhan Sabha from 1937 till his death, with the exception of a five-year break. During this time he did not hold a post in the Orissa congress, due to political differences. When the Orissa ministry of congress was created he was not included in the ministry. He became a Vidhan Sabha member in 1952 as an independent candidate. He served in the Vidhan Sabha as an eminent administrator and member of the opposition party. He left Congress in 1939 and joined the Forward Block. He served as finance and education minister in the ministry of the Maharaja of Parlakhemundi from 1941 to 1944. During his stay as minister in 1943 he played an important role in the establishment of Utkal University,Cuttack High court and various colleges in Puri, Baleshwar and Sambalpur.