इज़ इंसियो लूला दा सिल्वा ()जन्म- 27 अक्टूबर, 1945

October 27, 2017

इज़ इंसियो लूला दा सिल्वा ( जन्म- 27 अक्टूबर, 1945, कैट्स, पेर्नम्बुको, ब्राज़ील) आमतौर से लूला उपनाम से जाने जाते हैं। ब्राज़ील के एक राजनीतिज्ञ हैं जिन्होंने 1 जनवरी, 2003 से 31 दिसंबर, 2010 तक ब्राज़ील के राष्ट्रपति के रूप में कार्य किया। लुइज़ इंसियो लूला दा सिल्वा ब्राज़ील के पैतीसवें राष्ट्रपति हैं।


परिचय
लुइज़ इंसियो लूला दा सिल्वा का जन्म 27 अक्टूबर, 1945 को कैट्स के पेर्नम्बुको, ब्राज़ील में हुआ था। इनकी पत्नि का नाम मारिया डी लर्ड्स दा सिल्वा है।


राजनीतिक सफर
लुइज़ इंसियो लूला दा सिल्वा वर्कर्स पार्टी के संस्थापक सदस्य हैं। राष्ट्रपति पद के उम्मीदवार के रूप में तीन बार असफल होने के बाद 2002 में विजय हासिल की और 1 जनवरी, 2003 को राष्ट्रपति के रूप में पदभार ग्रहण किया। 2006 में पुनः राष्ट्रपति के पद पर चुने गए और 1 जनवरी, 2011 तक इनका कार्यकाल बढ़ गया। वर्ष 2006 में इन्हें जवाहर लाल नेहरू पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया।


Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born October 27, 1945), known simply as Lula, is a Brazilian politician who was President of Brazil from January 1, 2003 to January 1, 2011. He is a founding member of the Workers' Party (PT) and ran for president three times unsuccessfully, first in the 1989 election, then again in 1994 and 1998. Lula achieved victory in the 2002 election, and was inaugurated as president on January 1, 2003. In the 2006 election he was elected for a second term as president, which ended on January 1, 2011. Succeeded by his former Chief of Staff, Dilma Rousseff, he left an enduring mark on Brazilian politics in the form of Lulism.


He has been called one of the most popular politicians in the history of Brazil and while in office was one of the most popular in the world. Social programs like Bolsa Família and Fome Zero are hallmarks of his time in office. Lula played a prominent role in international relations, including the nuclear program of Iran and global warming, and was described as "a man with audacious ambitions to alter the balance of power among nations." He was featured in Time's 2010 The 100 Most Influential People in the World, and Perry Anderson called him "the most successful politician of his time." In October 2011, Lula—who was a smoker for 40 years—was diagnosed with throat cancer and began chemotherapy. Since then he has successfully recovered and resumed his roles.


In early 2016, Lula was appointed Chief of Staff under Rousseff, but Justice Gilmar Mendes of the Supreme Federal Court blocked the appointment due to ongoing federal investigations. In Brazil the presidential chief of staff is a cabinet-level position that requires charges of malfeasance to be tried in a special court. On July 12, 2017, the former president was convicted of money laundering and passive corruption, defined in Brazilian criminal law as the receipt of a bribe by a civil servant or government official. He was sentenced to nine years and six months in prison by judge Sérgio Moro but remains free pending an appeal of the sentence; if the court upholds Moro's decision, Lula would be ineligible to run in the 2018 presidential election as he has said he would.