Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

May 15, 2016

May 15
• 1904 – Russo-Japanese War: The Russian minelayer Amur lays a minefield about 15 miles off Port Arthur and sinks Japan's battleships Hatsuse, 15,000 tons, with 496 crew and Yashima.
• 1905 – Las Vegas, is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.
• 1911 – In Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, the United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under theSherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.
• 1911 – More than 300 Chinese immigrants are killed in the Torreón massacre when the forces of the Mexican Revolution led by Francisco I. Madero's brotherEmilio Madero take the city of Torreón from the Federales.
• 1919 – The Winnipeg general strike begins. By 11:00, almost the whole working population of Winnipeg had walked off the job.
• 1919 – Greek occupation of Smyrna. During the occupation, the Greek army kills or wounds 350 Turks. Those responsible are punished by the Greek commander Aristides Stergiades.
• 1925 – Al-Insaniyyah, the first Arabic communist newspaper, is founded.
• 1928 – Walt Disney character Mickey Mouse premieres in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy.
• 1929 – A fire at the Cleveland Clinic in Cleveland, Ohio kills 123.
• 1932 – In an attempted coup d'état, the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is assassinated.
• 1934 – Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
• 1935 – The Moscow Metro is opened to the public.
• 1940 – USS Sailfish is recommissioned. It was originally the USS Squalus.
• 1940 – World War II: After fierce fighting, the poorly trained and equipped Dutch troops surrender to Germany, marking the beginning of five years of occupation.
• 1940 – McDonald's opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.
• 1941 – First flight of the Gloster E.28/39 the first British and Allied jet aircraft.
• 1941 – Joe DiMaggio begins a 56-game hitting streak.
• 1942 – World War II: In the United States, a bill creating the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is signed into law.
• 1943 – Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).
• 1945 – World War II: The Battle of Poljana, the final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia.
• 1948 – Following the expiration of The British Mandate for Palestine, the Kingdom of Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and Saudi Arabia invade Israelthus starting the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.
• 1951 – The Polish cultural attaché in Paris, Czesław Miłosz, asks the French government for political asylum.
• 1953 – The first pinewood derby, in Manhattan Beach, California.
• 1957 – At Malden Island in the Pacific Ocean, Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb in Operation Grapple.
• 1958 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
• 1960 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 4.
• 1963 – Project Mercury: The launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut Gordon Cooper on board. He becomes the first American to spend more than a day in space, and the last American to go into space alone.
• 1966 – After a policy dispute, Prime Minister Nguyễn Cao Kỳ of South Vietnam's ruling junta launches a military attack on the forces of General Tôn Thất Đính, forcing him to abandon his command.
• 1969 – People's Park: California Governor Ronald Reagan has an impromptu student park owned by University of California at Berkeley fenced off from student anti-war protestors, sparking a riot called Bloody Thursday.
• 1970 – President Richard Nixon appoints Anna Mae Hays and Elizabeth P. Hoisington the first female United States Army Generals.
• 1970 – Philip Lafayette Gibbs and James Earl Green are killed at Jackson State University by police during student protests.
• 1972 – Ryukyu Islands, under U.S. military governance since its conquest in 1945, hand over to Japanese control.
• 1972 – In Laurel, Maryland, Arthur Bremer shoots and paralyzes Alabama Governor George Wallace while he is campaigning to become President.
• 1974 – Ma'alot massacre: Members of the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine attack and take hostages at an Israeli school; a total of 31 people are killed, including 22 schoolchildren.
• 1986 – Elio de Angelis, was killed while testing the Brabham BT55 at the Paul Ricard circuit at Le Castellet.
• 1987 – The Soviet Union launches the Polyus prototype orbital weapons platform. It fails to reach orbit.
• 1988 – Soviet war in Afghanistan: After more than eight years of fighting, the Soviet Army begins to withdrawal 115,000 troops from Afghanistan.
• 1991 – Édith Cresson becomes France's first female premier.
• 1997 – The United States government acknowledges the existence of the "Secret War" in Laos and dedicates the Laos Memorial in honor of Hmong and other "Secret War" veterans.
• 2004 – Arsenal F.C. go an entire league campaign unbeaten in the English First Division, joining Preston North End F.C with the right to claim the title The Invincibles
• 2006 – Cloud Gate was formally dedicated in Chicago's Millennium Park.
• 2008 – California becomes the second U.S. state after Massachusetts in 2004 to legalize same-sex marriage after the state's own Supreme Court rules a previous ban unconstitutional.
• 2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person to sail, non-stop and unassisted around the world solo.
• 2011 – The first protest of the Anti-austerity movement in Spain (also known as the Indignádos or 15-May Movement) begins in 58 Spanish cities.
• 2013 – An upsurge in violence in Iraq leaves more than 389 people dead over three days.