Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

May 30, 2016

May 30
• 1911 – At the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, the first Indianapolis 500 ends with Ray Harroun in his Marmon Wasp becoming the first winner of the 500-mile auto race.
• 1913 – The Treaty of London is signed, ending the First Balkan War. Albania becomes an independent nation.
• 1914 – The new, and then the largest, Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
• 1917 – Alexander I becomes king of Greece.
• 1922 – The Lincoln Memorial is dedicated in Washington, D.C..
• 1925 – May Thirtieth Movement: Shanghai Municipal Police Force shoot and kill 13 protesting workers.
• 1932 – The National Theatre of Greece is founded.
• 1937 – Memorial Day massacre: Chicago police shoot and kill ten labor demonstrators.
• 1941 – World War II: Manolis Glezos and Apostolos Santas climb the Athenian Acropolis and tear down the German flag.
• 1942 – World War II: One thousand British bombers launch a 90-minute attack on Cologne, Germany.
• 1943 – The Holocaust: Josef Mengele becomes chief medical officer of the Zigeunerfamilienlager (Romani family camp) at Auschwitz concentration camp.
• 1948 – A dike along the flooding Columbia River breaks, obliterating Vanport, Oregon within minutes. Fifteen people die and tens of thousands are left homeless.
• 1958 – Memorial Day: The remains of two unidentified American servicemen, killed in action during World War II and the Korean War respectively, are buried at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Arlington National Cemetery.
• 1959 – The Auckland Harbour Bridge, crossing the Waitemata Harbour in Auckland, New Zealand, is officially opened by Governor-General Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham.
• 1961 – The long-time Dominican dictator Rafael Trujillo is assassinated in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
• 1963 – A protest against pro-Catholic discrimination during the Buddhist crisis is held outside South Vietnam's National Assembly, the first open demonstration during the eight-year rule of Ngo Dinh Diem.
• 1966 – The former Congolese Prime Minister, Évariste Kimba, and several other politicians are publicly executed in Kinshasa on the orders of President Joseph Mobutu.
• 1966 – Launch of Surveyor 1, the first US spacecraft to land on an extraterrestrial body.
• 1967 – The Nigerian Eastern Region declares independence as the Republic of Biafra, sparking a civil war.
• 1968 – Charles de Gaulle reappears publicly after his flight to Baden-Baden, Germany, and dissolves the French National Assembly by a radio appeal. Immediately after, less than one million of his supporters march on the Champs-Élysées in Paris. This is the turning point of May 1968 events in France.
• 1971 – Mariner program: Mariner 9 is launched to map 70% of the surface, and to study temporal changes in the atmosphere and surface, of Mars.
• 1972 – The Angry Brigade goes on trial over a series of 25 bombings throughout the United Kingdom.
• 1972 – In Tel Aviv, Israel, members of the Japanese Red Army carry out the Lod Airport massacre, killing 24 people and injuring 78 others.
• 1974 – The Airbus A300 passenger aircraft first enters service.
• 1975 – European Space Agency is established.
• 1989 – Tiananmen Square protests of 1989: The 33-foot high "Goddess of Democracy" statue is unveiled in Tiananmen Square by student demonstrators.
• 1998 – A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits northern Afghanistan, killing up to 5,000.
• 1998 – Nuclear Testing: Pakistan conducts an underground test in the Kharan Desert. It is reported to be a plutonium device with yield of 20kt TNT equivalent.
• 2003 – Depayin massacre: At least 70 people associated with the National League for Democracy are killed by government-sponsored mob in Burma. Aung San Suu Kyi fled the scene, but is arrested soon afterwards.
• 2005 – American student Natalee Holloway disappears while on a high school graduation trip to Aruba and causes a media sensation in the United States.
• 2008 – Convention on Cluster Munitions is adopted.
• 2012 – Former Liberian president Charles Taylor is sentenced to 50 years in prison for his role in atrocities committed during the Sierra Leone Civil War.
• 2013 – Nigeria passes a law banning same-sex marriage.