Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

June 12, 2016

June 12
• 1905 – The Servants of India Society was established in Pune, India by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
• 1922 – At Windsor Castle, King George V receives the colours of the six Irish regiments that are to be disbanded: The Royal Irish Regiment, the Connaught Rangers, the South Irish Horse, the Prince of Wales's Leinster Regiment, the Royal Munster Fusiliers and the Royal Dublin Fusiliers.
• 1935 – A ceasefire is negotiated between Bolivia and Paraguay, ending the Chaco War
• 1939 – Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor.
• 1939 – The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York.
• 1940 – World War II: Thirteen thousand British and French troops surrender to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux.
• 1942 – Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
• 1943 – Holocaust: Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Brzeżany, Poland (now Berezhany, Ukraine). Around 1,180 Jews are led to the city's old Jewish graveyard and shot.
• 1944 – American paratroopers of the 101st Airborne Division secure the town of Carentan.
• 1954 – Pope Pius XII canonises Dominic Savio, who was 14 years old at the time of his death, as a saint, making him the youngest unmartyred saint in the Roman Catholic Church.
• 1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in front of his home in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
• 1964 – Anti-apartheid activist and ANC leader Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
• 1967 – The United States Supreme Court in Loving v. Virginia declares all U.S. state laws which prohibit interracial marriage to be unconstitutional.
• 1967 – Venera program: Venera 4 is launched (it will become the first space probe to enter another planet's atmosphere and successfully return data).
• 1972 – The fast food restaurant chain Popeyes is founded in Arabi, Louisiana.
• 1978 – David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for six killings.
• 1979 – Bryan Allen wins the second Kremer prize for a man powered flight across the English Channel in the Gossamer Albatross.
• 1987 – The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
• 1987 – Cold War: At the Brandenburg Gate U.S. President Ronald Reagan publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
• 1990 – Russia Day: The parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
• 1991 – Russians first democratically elected Boris Yeltsin as the President of Russia.
• 1991 – 1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre: The Sri Lankan Army massacres 152 minority Tamil civilians in the village of Kokkadichcholai near the eastern province town of Batticaloa.
• 1993 – An election takes place in Nigeria which and is later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida.
• 1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman are murdered outside her home in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings, but is held liable in wrongful death civil suit.
• 1994 – The Boeing 777, the world's largest twinjet, makes its first flight.
• 1996 – In Philadelphia, a panel of federal judges blocks a law against indecency on the internet.
• 1996 – 2 Australian Army S-70A-9 Colided During A training mission. Killing 18 and injuring 12.
• 1997 – Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.
• 1999 – Kosovo War: Operation Joint Guardian begins when a NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force (KFor) enters the province of Kosovo in Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
• 2009 – A disputed presidential election in Iran leads to wide ranging protests in Iran and around the world.
• 2016 – 49 civilians are killed and 53 others injured in an attack on a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida. The gunman, Omar Mateen, was killed in a gunfight with police.