शम्मी कपूर (मृत्यु: 14 अगस्त, 2011)

August 14, 2017

शम्मी कपूर ( जन्म: 21 अक्टूबर, 1931 - मृत्यु: 14 अगस्त, 2011) हिंदी सिनेमा के 1950-60 के दशक में सदाबहार अभिनेता थे। शम्मी का वास्तविक नाम शमशेर राज कपूर था। अपनी विशिष्ट याहू शैली के कारण बेहद लोकप्रिय रहे हिंदी फ़िल्मों के पहले सिंगिंग-डांसिग स्टार शम्मी कपूर रंगमंच के जाने-माने अदाकार और फ़िल्म अभिनेता पृथ्वीराज कपूर के दूसरे बेटे थे।


परिचय-
शम्मी कपूर का जन्म 21 अक्टूबर 1931 को मुंबई में हुआ था। वह महान फ़िल्म अभिनेता और थिएटर कलाकार पृथ्वीराज कपूर और रामसरनी 'रमा' मेहरा के दूसरे पुत्र थे। पृथ्वीराज कपूर के दो और बेटे शशि कपूर और राजकपूर थे। शम्मी कपूर के परिवार में पत्नी नीला देवी, बेटा आदित्य राज और बेटी कंचन देसाई हैं।


शम्मी कपूर ने वर्ष 1953 में फ़िल्म 'ज्योति जीवन' से अपनी अभिनय पारी की शुरुआत की। वर्ष 1957 में नासिर हुसैन की फ़िल्म 'तुमसा नहीं देखा' में जहां अभिनेत्री अमिता के साथ काम किया वहीं वर्ष 1959 में आई फ़िल्म 'दिल दे के देखो' में आशा पारेख के साथ नजर आए। बॉलीवुड के लिहाज़ से हालांकि वह बहुत सुंदर अभिनेता तो नहीं थे बावजूद इसके शम्मी कपूर अपने अभिनय क्षमता के बल पर सबके चहेते बने। वर्ष 1961 में आई फ़िल्म (जंगली) ने शम्मी कपूर को शोहरत की बुलंदियों पर पहुंचा दिया। इस फ़िल्म के बाद ही वह सभी प्रकार की फ़िल्मों में एक नृत्य कलाकार के रूप में अपनी छवि बनाने में कामयाब रहे। 'जंगली' फ़िल्म का गीत 'याहू' दर्शकों को खूब पसंद आया। उन्होंने चार फ़िल्मों में आशा पारेख के साथ काम किया जिसमें सबसे सफल फ़िल्म वर्ष 1966 में बनी 'तीसरी आंख' रही। वर्ष 1960 के दशक के मध्य तक शम्मी कपूर 'प्रोफेसर', 'चार दिल चार राहें', 'रात के राही', 'चाइना टाउन', 'दिल तेरा दीवाना', 'कश्मीर की कली' और 'ब्लफमास्टर' जैसी सफल फ़िल्मों में दिखाई दिए। फ़िल्म 'ब्रह्मचारी' के लिए उन्हें सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनेता का फ़िल्म फेयर पुरस्कार भी मिला था।


'भारत के एल्विस प्रेसली' कहे जाने वाले शम्मी कपूर रुपहले पर्दे पर तब अपने अभिनय की शुरुआत की, जब उनके बड़े भाई राज कपूर के साथ ही देव आनंद और दिलीप कुमार छाए हुए थे। पारिवारिक पृष्ठभूमि होने के बावजूद शम्मी का फ़िल्म जगत में प्रवेश 'रेल का डिब्बा' में मधुबाला, 'शमा परवाना' में सुरैया और 'हम सब चोर हैं' में नलिनी जयवंत के साथ अभिनय करने के बावजूद शुरुआत में सफल नहीं रहा। उनकी शुरुआती फ़िल्में बॉक्स ऑफिस पर फ्लॉप रहीं। उन्होंने पचास के दशक में 'डक-टेल' शैली में अपने बाल कटवाकर 'तुमसा नहीं देखा' के साथ खुद को नए लुक में पेश किया। उसके बाद उन्हें सफलता मिलती गई। 1961 में फ़िल्म 'जंगली' की सफलता के साथ ही पूरा दशक उनकी फ़िल्मों के नाम रहा। दर्शकों के बीच उनकी अपील 'सुकू सुकू', 'ओ हसीना जुल्फों वाली', 'आज कल तेरे-मेरे प्यार के चर्चे' और 'आ जा आ जा मैं हूं प्यार तेरा' जैसे गानों के चलते थी, जिनमें उन्होंने बड़ी ही मस्तमौला शैली में थिरकते हुए अदायगी दी। हालांकि, 'कश्मीर की कली', 'राजकुमार', 'जानवर' और 'एन इवनिंग इन पेरिस' जैसी कुछ फ़िल्मों में उनकी अभिनय क्षमता पर सवाल उठे लेकिन 'जंगली', 'बदतमीज', 'ब्लफ मास्टर', 'पगला कहीं का', 'तीसरी मंजिल' और 'ब्रह्मचारी' की बेहतरीन सफलता के जरिए शम्मी ने अपने आलोचकों के मुंह बंद कर दिए।


शम्मी कपूर ने अपनी फ़िल्मों में बग़ावती तेवर और रॉकस्टार वाली छवि से उस दौर के नायकों को कई बंधनों से आज़ाद कर दिया था। हिंदी सिनेमा को ये उनकी बड़ी देन थ। ये बात और है कि उनके जैसे किरदार दूसरा कोई नहीं निभा पाया। शम्मी कपूर बड़े शौकीन मिज़ाज थे। इंटरनेट की दुनिया में आगे रहते थे, तरह-तरह की गाड़ियाँ चलाने का शौक़ वे रखते थे, शाम को गोल्फ़ खेलना, समय के साथ चलना वे बख़ूबी जानते थे। फ़िल्मों में शम्मी कपूर जितने ज़िंदादिल किरदार निभाया करते थे, उतनी ही ज़िंदादिली उनके निजी जीवन में दिखती थी। उनके जीवन में कई मुश्किल दौर भी आए ख़ासकर तब जब 60 के दशक में उनकी पत्नी गीता बाली का निधन हो गया। तब वे अपने करियर के बेहद हसीन मकाम पर थे। शम्मी कपूर के क़दम तब कुछ ठिठके ज़रूर थे पर फ़िल्मी पर्दे के रंगरेज़ शम्मी अपने उसी अंदाज़ में अभिनय से लोगों को मदमस्त करते रहे।


बढ़ते मोटापे के कारण शम्मी कपूर को बाद में फ़िल्मों में मुख्य भूमिकाओं से हटना पड़ा, लेकिन वे चरित्र अभिनेता के रूप में फ़िल्मों में काम करते रहे। उन्होंने 'मनोरंजन' और 'बंडलबाज' नामक दो फ़िल्मों का निर्देशन भी किया, लेकिन ये फ़िल्में नहीं चली। चरित्र अभिनेता के रूप में शम्मी कपूर को 1982 में 'विधाता' फ़िल्म के लिए श्रेष्ठ सहायक अभिनेता का पुरस्कार मिला। शम्मी कपूर एक लोकप्रिय अभिनेता ही नहीं हरदिल अजीज इंसान भी थे।


सम्मान और पुरस्कार
सन 1968 में फ़िल्म 'ब्रह्मचारी' के लिए उन्हें सर्वश्रेष्ठ अभिनेता का फ़िल्म फेयर पुरस्कार भी मिला था।
चरित्र अभिनेता के रूप में शम्मी कपूर को 1982 में 'विधाता' फ़िल्म के लिए श्रेष्ठ सहायक अभिनेता का पुरस्कार मिला।
1995 में फ़िल्म फेयर लाइफ़ टाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड मिला।
1999 में ज़ी सिने लाइफ़ टाइम अचीवमेंट अवार्ड से सम्मानित किये गये।
2001 में स्टार स्क्रीन लाइफ़ टाइम अचीवमेंट पुरस्कार से नवाजे गये।
निधन
अपनी ख़ास ‘याहू’ शैली के कारण बेहद लोकप्रिय रहे शम्मी कपूर ने 14 अगस्त, 2011 को मुंबई के ब्रीज कैंडी अस्पताल में सुबह 5:41 बजे अंतिम सांस ली। बॉलीवुड फ़िल्मों में अपने विशिष्ट नृत्य और रोमांटिक अदाओं से अभिनेत्रियों का दिल जीतने वाले दिग्गज कलाकार शम्मी कपूर अपने पीछे ऐसी शैली छोड़ गये हैं, जिसे उनके प्रशंसक हमेशा याद रखेंगे।


Shammi Kapoor (born Shamsher Raj Kapoor; 21 October 1931[2] – 14 August 2011) was an Indian film actor and director. He was a prominent lead actor in Hindi cinema from the Mid 1950s until the early 1970s and also made a debut in Tamil cinema with the 1992 blockbuster crime drama Amaran. He received the Filmfare Best Actor Award in 1968 for his performance in Brahmachari and Filmfare Award for Best Supporting Actor for Vidhaata in 1982.


Shammi Kapoor is hailed as one of the most entertaining lead actors that Hindi cinema has ever produced. He was one of the leading stars of Hindi cinema during the late 1950s, the 1960s and early 1970s. He made his Hindi Film debut in 1953 with the film Jeevan Jyoti, and went on to deliver hits like Tumsa Nahin Dekha, Dil Deke Dekho, Singapore, Junglee, College Girl, Professor, China Town, Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya, Kashmir Ki Kali, Janwar, Teesri Manzil, An Evening in Paris, Bramhachari, Andaz and Sachaai.


He was given the name Shamsher Raj Kapoor at his birth in Bombay (now Mumbai) to film and theatre actor Prithviraj Kapoor and Ramsharni Kapoor (née Mehra).[3] Shammi was the second of the three sons born to Prithviraj (the other two being Raj Kapoor and Shashi Kapoor, both successful Hindi Film actors). He was the first cousin of singer, Juggal Kishore Mehra, whose granddaughter is the actress-singer Salma Agha. Thus, Shammi Kapoor is an uncle of Salma Agha.


Though born in Mumbai, he spent a major portion of his childhood in Peshawar, Pakistan in the Kapoor Haveli and in Calcutta (now Kolkata), where his father was involved with New Theatres Studios, acting in films. It was in Kolkata that he did his Montessori education and Kindergarten. After coming back to Bombay, he first went to St. Joseph's Convent (Wadala) and then, to Don Bosco School. He finished his matric schooling from New Era School at Hughes Road.


Kapoor had a short stint at Ramnarain Ruia College after which he joined his father’s theatrical company Prithvi Theatres. He entered the cinema world in 1948, as a junior artiste, at a salary of Rs. 50 per month, stayed with Prithvi Theatres for the next four years and collected his last pay check of Rs. 300, in 1952. He made his debut in Hindi Films in the year 1953, when the film Jeevan Jyoti was released. It was directed by Mahesh Kaul and Chand Usmani was Kapoor’s first heroine. He was in a relationship with Nadia Gamal, a belly dancer from Cairo[4] and Egyptian actress, from 1953–55 after they met in Sri Lanka on an occasion while he was on a holiday trip,[5] but their relationship ended when she moved back to Cairo.


Kapoor's career started unsuccessfully in the early 1950s with him acting with established actresses playing second fiddle in woman-oriented movies: with Madhubala in films such as Rail Ka Dibba (1953) and Naqab, with Nutan in Laila Majnu, with Shyama in Thokar and with Nalini Jaywant in Hum Sab Chor Hain, Shama Parwana (1954) with Suraiya, comedy flick Mem Sahib (1956) with Meena Kumari, and thrillers like Chor Bazar (1954), as well as in the tragic love story Mirza Sahiban (1957) opposite Shyama.From 1953 to 1957, none of his films made him popular.


With Filmistan's Nasir Hussain directed Tumsa Nahin Dekha (1957) opposite Ameeta and Dil Deke Dekho (1959) with Asha Parekh, he attained the image of a light-hearted, and stylish playboy. With Junglee (1961) his new image was cemented and his subsequent films were all in this genre viz.Romcoms. Mohammed Rafi was frequently chosen as his playback voice in the movies that he did. In the 1960s he was often paired with new actresses such as Asha Parekh, Saira Banu, and Sharmila Tagore, all of whom went on to have very successful careers. Of all his heroines, he said that Sharmila Tagore, Rajshree, and Asha Parekh were easy to work with.


Sharmila Tagore and Saira Banu made their Hindi film debuts with Shammi Kapoor in Kashmir Ki Kali and Junglee respectively[10] He and Asha Parekh were paired in four films, of which the murder mystery Teesri Manzil (1966) and Dil Deke Dekho were successful.


In the first half of the 1960s, Kapoor was seen in successful films like College Girl, Basant, Singapore, Boy Friend, Professor, Dil Tera Diwana, Vallah Kya Baat Hai, Pyar Kiya To Darna Kya, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, Bluff Master, Janwar and Rajkumar.


In 1968, he received the first Filmfare Best Actor Award of his career for Bramhachari. He made a unique place for himself in the industry as he was the only dancing hero in Hindi films from the late 1950s till the early 1970s. He used to compose dancing steps in the songs starring him and reportedly never needed a choreographer. This earned him the name of Elvis Presley of India.


His pairing opposite Southern heroines tended to be commercially successful. He played opposite B. Saroja Devi in Pyaar Kiya To Darna Kya and Preet Na Jane Reet, with Padmini in Singapore, and opposite Vyjayanthimala in College Girl and Prince.[14] In the late 1960s, his successful films included Budtameez and Sachaai with Sadhana, Latt Saheb with Nutan and Tumse Achha Kaun Hai with Babita.


In the 1970s, Kapoor’s weight problem proved an obstacle when playing the romantic hero, and the last such film he played in was Andaz (1971). He turned into a successful supporting actor in the 1970s, playing Saira Banu's father in Zameer (1974), when he had been her leading man a decade earlier in Junglee (1961) and Bluff Master (1963) and playing Amitabh Bachchan's foster father in Parvarish. He also directed Manoranjan (1974), a movie inspired from Irma La Douce and Bundal Baaz (1976). Neither were successful commercially though they got critical acclaim and were hailed as classics and ahead of their time.


In the 1980s and 1990s, he continued to play many supporting roles and won a Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for his performance in Vidhaata (1982) where big giants as Dilip Kumar and Sanjeev Kumar played major roles. He did a social melodrama serial called Chattan aired on Zee TV for more than a year in the 1990s. He eventually cut down on film appearances by the late 1990s and early 2000s with appearances in the 1999 Salman Khan and Urmila Matondkar starrer Jaanam Samjha Karo, 2002 release Waah! Tera Kya Kehna and the delayed 2006 release Sandwich.


Shortly before his death, he made his last film appearance in Imtiaz Ali's 2011 directorial venture Rockstar co-starring his grand-nephew Ranbir Kapoor, the grandson of his brother Raj Kapoor.


Director Shakti Samanta directed Shammi Kapoor in six films — Singapore, China Town, Kashmir Ki Kali, An Evening In Paris, Pagla Kahin Ka and Jaane Anjane (the last two were unsuccessful) — and said in an interview “I found Shammi to be a thoroughly good man. Even in his heyday, he was humble.


Kapoor was admitted to Breach Candy Hospital, Mumbai on 7 August 2011 suffering from chronic renal failure. His condition remained serious for next few days and he was kept on ventilator support.He died on 14 August 2011, 05:15 am IST, of chronic renal failure, aged 79. Funeral was held on Monday, 15 August at Banganga cremation ground, Malabar Hill, Mumbai. His son, Aditya, performed the last rites at the cremation. The entire Kapoor family were present to pay their last respects, including his younger brother Shashi Kapoor, sister-in-law Krishna Kapoor, grand nephew Ranbir Kapoor, nephews Rishi, Randhir and Rajiv, Randhir's wife Babita and grand nieces Karishma Kapoor and Kareena Kapoor.Bollywood personalities Vinod Khanna, Shatrughan Sinha, Subhash Ghai, Amitabh Bachchan, Ramesh Sippy, Danny Denzongpa, Prem Chopra, Anil Kapoor, Saif Ali Khan, Govinda, Aamir Khan, Rani Mukherjee, Shahrukh Khan, Kabir Bedi and Priyanka Chopra were among those who attended the funeral.


To honour Kapoor, a brass statue of his was unveiled at Walk of the Stars at Bandra Bandstand in Mumbai.



Awards


Kapoor on a 2013 stamp of India


Filmfare Awards
1968 – Filmfare Best Actor Award, Brahmachari
1982 – Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award, Vidhata
1995 – Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award


IIFA Awards
2002 – Invaluable Contribution To Indian Cinema at the IIFA.


Bollywood Movie Awards
2005 – Lifetime Achievement Award


Zee Cine Awards
1999 – Zee Cine Award for Lifetime Achievement


Star Screen Awards
2001 – Star Screen Lifetime Achievement Award


Other Awards
1998 – Kalakar Awards – Special Award for "contribution in Indian Cinema"
2001 – Anandalok Awards Lifetime Achievement Award
Living Legend Award by the Federation of Indian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (FICCI)
2008 – Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Indian cinema at the Pune International Film Festival (PIFF).
Rashtriya Gaurav Award