Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

June 28, 2016

June 28
• 1902 – The U.S. Congress passes the Spooner Act, authorizing President Theodore Roosevelt to acquire rights from Colombia for the Panama Canal.
• 1904 – The SS Norge runs aground and sinks
• 1914 – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by Bosnia Serb nationalist Gavrilo Princip, the casus belli of World War I.
• 1919 – The Treaty of Versailles is signed, ending the state of war between Germany and the Allies of World War I.
• 1921 – Serbian King Alexander I proclaims the new constitution of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, known thereafter as the Vidovdan Constitution.
• 1922 – The Irish Civil War begins with the shelling of the Four Courts in Dublin by Free State forces.
• 1926 – Mercedes-Benz is formed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz merging their two companies.
• 1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.
• 1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia (current-day Moldova) to the Soviet Union after facing an ultimatum.
• 1942 – World War II: Nazi Germany starts its strategic summer offensive against the Soviet Union, codenamed Case Blue
• 1945 – Poland's Soviet-allied Provisional Government of National Unity is formed over a month after V-E Day.
• 1948 – The Tito–Stalin Split results in the expulsion of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia from the Cominform.
• 1948 – Boxer Dick Turpin beats Vince Hawkins at Villa Park in Birmingham to become the first black British boxing champion in the modern era.
• 1950 – Korean War: Seoul is captured by North Korean troops.
• 1950 – Korean War: Suspected communist sympathizers, argued to be between 100,000 and 200,000 are executed in the Bodo League massacre.
• 1950 – Korean War: Packed with its own refugees fleeing Seoul and leaving their 5th Division stranded, South Korean forces blow up the Hangang Bridge to in attempt to slow North Korea's offensive.
• 1950 – Korean War: North Korean Army conducts Seoul National University Hospital massacre.
• 1956 – in Poznań, workers from HCP factory go to the streets, sparking one of the first major protests against communist government both in Poland and Europe.
• 1964 – Malcolm X forms the Organization of Afro-American Unity.
• 1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City, marking the start of the Gay Rights Movement.
• 1973 – Elections are held for the Northern Ireland Assembly, which will lead to power-sharing between unionists and nationalists in Northern Ireland for the first time.
• 1976 – The Angolan court sentences US and UK mercenaries to death sentences and prison terms in the Luanda Trial.
• 1978 – The United States Supreme Court, in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke bars quota systems in college admissions.
• 1981 – A powerful bomb explodes in Tehran, killing 73 officials of the Islamic Republican Party.
• 1987 – For the first time in military history, a civilian population is targeted for chemical attack when Iraqi warplanes bombed the Iranian town of Sardasht.
• 1989 – On the 600th anniversary of the Battle of Kosovo, Slobodan Milošević delivers the Gazimestan speech at the site of the historic battle.
• 1992 – The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.
• 1994 – Members of the Aum Shinrikyo cult release sarin gas in Matsumoto, Japan; Seven people are killed, 660 injured.
• 1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.
• 1997 – Holyfield–Tyson II: Mike Tyson is disqualified in the third round for biting a piece off Evander Holyfield's ear.
• 2001 – Slobodan Milošević is deported to ICTY to stand trial.
• 2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the U.S.-led rule of that nation.
• 2009 – Honduran president Manuel Zelaya is ousted by a local military coup following a failed request to hold a referendum to rewrite the Honduran Constitution. This was the start of the 2009 Honduran constitutional crisis.
• 2016 – A terrorist attack in Turkey's Istanbul Atatürk Airport kills 42 people and injures more than 230 others.