नुसरत फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ (मृत्यु: 16 अगस्त, 1997)

August 16, 2017

नुसरत फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ (जन्म: 13 अक्टूबर, 1948, लायलपुर [वर्तमान फ़ैसलाबाद], पाकिस्तान; मृत्यु: 16 अगस्त, 1997, लंदन, इंग्लैंड) मुस्लिम सूफ़ी भक्ति संगीत की विधा क़व्वाली के महानतम गायक थे।


कला जगत में प्रवेश
1996 में उन्होंने पाया कि वह अमेरिकी मनोरंजन व्यवसाय के केंद्र में पहुँच चुके हैं। उन्होंने फ़िल्मों के लिए गाने रिकार्ड कराए, एम. टी. वी. पर आए और कई धर्मनिरपेक्ष गाने रिकार्ड किए, जिन्हें विशेष रूप से पश्चिमी श्रोताओं ने सराहा। कुछ को ऐसा लगा कि इस प्रकार का गायन सूफ़ी संगीत को जन्म देने वाली आध्यात्मिक विरासत और उनकी जन्मभूमि के लाखों प्रशंसकों के साथ विश्वासघात है, लेकिन नुसरत का मानना था कि उन्होंने कुछ भी छोड़ा नहीं और वह केवल अपने स्वर की गहराइयों को पाने की कोशिश में थे। वह ज़्यादा श्रोताओं के साथ अपनी प्रतिभा और संगीत विरासत की भागीदारी के इच्छुक रहे, फिर भी वह संभलकर चलने और अपनी आस्था से समझौता न करने के प्रति भी सतर्क रहे।
उनके पिता फ़तेह अली ख़ाँ और उनके दो चाचा शास्त्रीय शैली के प्रसिद्ध क़व्वाल थे। नुसरत ने संगीत की शिक्षा अपने पिता से हासिल की, लेकिन 1964 में अपने पिता की अंत्येष्टि पर गाने के बाद ही क़व्वाली परंपरा के प्रति अपने को समर्पित किया। दो साल बाद उन्होंने अपने चाचाओं के साथ अपनी पहली मंचीय प्रस्तुति दी।


उत्कृष्ट क़व्वाल
1970 के दशक के शुरू में उन्होंने स्वयं को पूरे पाकिस्तान में अपने समय के उत्कृष्ट क़व्वाल के रूप में स्थापित कर दिया। 1985 में इंग्लैंड में विश्व संगीत सम्मेलन में गाने के बाद उनकी प्रतिभा की चर्चा चारों ओर फैलनी शुरू हो गई और शीघ्र ही वह नियमित रूप से यूरोप भर में प्रदर्शन करने लगे। उन्होंने पहली बार 1989 में अमेरिका का भ्रमण किया और 1992 में वाशिंगटन विश्वविद्यालय में अतिथि कलाकार के रूप में एक साल बिताया।


विशेषता
आमतौर पर तबला, हारमोनियम और साथी गायकों की संगत में ख़ां बहुत ऊँचे सुर (पारिवारिक विशेषता) में गाते थे। उनकी आवाज़ बहुत सशक्त और अत्यंत अभिव्यंजक थी। शायद उनकी सबसे बड़ी विशेषता उनका सुरीला सृजन और लगातार गाने की विलक्षण क्षमता था। उन्हें दस घंटे तक लगातार गाने के लिए जाना जाता था। हालांकि 1996 तक मधुमेह और उम्र के कारण उनकी ऊर्जा कुछ कम हो गई थी।


निधन
16 अगस्त 1997 में 49 वर्ष की आयु में हृदय गति रुक जाने से उनका निधन हो गया। उनकी असामयिक मृत्यु के कुछ ही पहले एक भारतीय फ़िल्म के लिए उनकी पहली संगीत रचना प्रदर्शित हुई थी।


Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan ( 13 October 1948 – 16 August 1997), was a Pakistani musician, primarily a singer of Qawwali, the devotional music of the Sufis. He possessed an extraordinary range of vocal abilities and could perform at a high level of intensity for several hours.Extending the 600-year old Qawwali tradition of his family, Khan is widely credited with introducing Qawwali music to international audiences. He is popularly known as "Shahenshah-e-Qawwali", meaning "The King of Qawwali".


Born in Faisalabad, Khan had his first public performance at the age of 16, at his father's chelum. He became the head of the family qawwali party in 1971. He was signed by Oriental Star Agencies, Birmingham, England, in the early 1980s. Khan went on to release movie scores and albums in Europe, India, Japan, Pakistan and the US. He engaged in collaborations and experiments with Western artists, becoming a well-known world music artist. He toured extensively, performing in over 40 countries.


Khan was born in a Punjabi Muslim family in Faisalabad in 1948, shortly after the partition of India in 1947 during which his family had migrated to Pakistan from their native city of Jalandhar in East Punjab, British India (now in Punjab, India).He originates from Basti Sheikh in Jalandhar. His ancestors learnt music and singing there and adopted it as a profession. He was the fifth child and first son of Fateh Ali Khan, a musicologist, vocalist, instrumentalist, and qawwal. Khan's family, which included four older sisters and a younger brother, Farrukh Fateh Ali Khan, grew up in central Faisalabad. The tradition of qawwali in the family had passed down through successive generations for almost 600 years.Initially, his father did not want Khan to follow the family's vocation. He had his heart set on Nusrat choosing a much more respectable career path and becoming a doctor or engineer, because he felt Qawwali artists had low social status. However, Khan showed such an aptitude for and interest in Qawwali, that his father finally relented.[10] He began by learning the tabla before moving on to vocals.[citation needed] In 1964, Khan's father died, leaving his musical education under the supervision of his paternal uncles, Mubarak Ali Khan and Salamat Ali Khan.citation needed] He is the uncle of singer Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.


In 1971, after the death of his uncle Mubarak Ali Khan, Khan became the official leader of the family Qawwali party and the party became known as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Mujahid Mubarak Ali Khan & Party. Khan's first public performance as the leader of the Qawwali party was at a studio recording broadcast as part of an annual music festival organised by Radio Pakistan, known as Jashn-e-Baharan. Khan sang mainly in Urdu and Punjabi and occasionally in Persian, Braj Bhasha and Hindi. His first major hit in Pakistan was the song Haq Ali Ali, which was performed in a traditional style and with traditional instrumentation. The song featured restrained use of Khan's sargam improvisations.


Khan is widely considered to be the most important qawwal in history. In 1987, he received the President of Pakistan's Award for Pride of Performance for his contribution to Pakistani music.In 1995, he received the UNESCO Music Prize.In 1996 he was awarded Grand Prix des Amériques at Montreal World Film Festival for exceptional contribution to the art of cinema. In the same year, Khan received the Arts and Culture Prize of the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes. In Japan, he was also remembered as the Budai or "Singing Buddha".In 2005, Khan received the "Legends" award at the UK Asian Music Awards. Time magazine's issue of 6 November 2006, "60 Years of Asian Heroes", lists him as one of the top 12 artists and thinkers in the last 60 years. He also appeared on NPR's 50 great voices list in 2010.In August 2010 he was included in CNN's list of the twenty most iconic musicians from the past fifty years.In 2008, Khan was listed in 14th position in UGO's list of the best singers of all time.


Many honorary titles were bestowed upon Khan during his 25-year music career. He was given the title of [[Ustad] (the master)] after performing classical music at a function in Lahore on his father's death anniversary.
After traveling to London from his native Pakistan for treatment for liver and kidney problems, Khan was rushed from the airport to Cromwell Hospital.


London's Daily Telegraph reported that doctors at the hospital attributed Khan's death to his treatment in Pakistan with infected dialysis equipment, from which they said he contracted hepatitis. The singer, who various reports said weighed over 300 pounds, had been seriously ill for several months, according to a spokesperson at his U.S. label, American Recordings.


He died of a sudden cardiac arrest at Cromwell Hospital, London on 16 August 1997, aged 48.[19] His body was repatriated to Faisalabad, and his funeral was a public affair. He was buried in Kabootran Wala Qabristan also known as Jhang Road Graveyard on Jhang Road, Faisalabad.


His wife, Naheed Nusrat, died on 13 September 2013 in Credit Valley Hospital in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. Naheed had moved to Canada after the death of her husband. She is survived by their daughter Nida Khan. Khan's musical legacy is now carried forward by his nephew, Rahat Fateh Ali Khan.


Khan is widely considered to be the most important qawwal in history. In 1987, he received the President of Pakistan's Award for Pride of Performance for his contribution to Pakistani music.In 1995, he received the UNESCO Music Prize.In 1996 he was awarded Grand Prix des Amériques at Montreal World Film Festival for exceptional contribution to the art of cinema. In the same year, Khan received the Arts and Culture Prize of the Fukuoka Asian Culture Prizes. In Japan, he was also remembered as the Budai or "Singing Buddha".[30] In 2005, Khan received the "Legends" award at the UK Asian Music Awards.Time magazine's issue of 6 November 2006, "60 Years of Asian Heroes", lists him as one of the top 12 artists and thinkers in the last 60 years.He also appeared on NPR's 50 great voices list in 2010.In August 2010 he was included in CNN's list of the twenty most iconic musicians from the past fifty years. In 2008, Khan was listed in 14th position in UGO's list of the best singers of all time.


Many honorary titles were bestowed upon Khan during his 25-year music career. He was given the title of [[Ustad] (the master)] after performing classical music at a function in Lahore on his father's death anniversary