Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

July 10, 2016

July 10
• 1913 – The temperature in Death Valley, California, hits 134 °F (57 °C), the highest temperature ever to be recorded on Earth.
• 1921 – Belfast's Bloody Sunday: Sixteen people are killed and 161 houses destroyed during rioting and gun battles in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
• 1925 – Meher Baba begins his silence of 44 years. His followers observe Silence Day on this date in commemoration.
• 1925 – Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, the so-called "Monkey Trial" begins of John T. Scopes, a young high school science teacher accused of teachingevolution in violation of the Butler Act.
• 1927 – Kevin O'Higgins TD, Vice-President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State is assassinated by the IRA.
• 1938 – Howard Hughes sets a new record by completing a 91-hour airplane flight around the world.
• 1940 – World War II: The Vichy government is established in France.
• 1941 – Jedwabne pogrom: The massacre of Jewish people living in and near the village of Jedwabne in Poland.
• 1942 – Diplomatic relations between the Netherlands and the Soviet Union are established.
• 1942 – World War II: An American pilot spots a downed, intact Mitsubishi A6M Zero on Akutan Island (the "Akutan Zero") that the US Navy uses to learn the aircraft's flight characteristics.
• 1946 – Hungarian hyperinflation sets a record with inflation of 348.46 percent per day, or prices doubling every eleven hours.
• 1947 – Muhammad Ali Jinnah is recommended as the first Governor-General of Pakistan by the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee.
• 1951 – Korean War: Armistice negotiations begin at Kaesong.
• 1962 – Telstar, the world's first communications satellite, is launched into orbit.
• 1966 – The Chicago Freedom Movement, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., holds a rally at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. As many as 60,000 people come to hear Dr. King as well as Mahalia Jackson, Stevie Wonder, and Peter, Paul and Mary.
• 1967 – Uruguay becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
• 1967 – New Zealand adopts decimal currency.
• 1973 – The Bahamas gain full independence within the Commonwealth of Nations.
• 1973 – National Assembly of Pakistan passes a resolution on the recognition of Bangladesh.
• 1973 – John Paul Getty III, a grandson of the oil magnate J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
• 1976 – The Seveso disaster occurs in Italy.
• 1976 – One American and three British mercenaries are executed in Angola following the Luanda Trial.
• 1978 – ABC World News Tonight premieres on ABC.
• 1978 – President Moktar Ould Daddah of Mauritania is ousted in a bloodless coup d'état.
• 1980 – Alexandra Palace burns down for a second time.
• 1985 – The Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior is bombed and sunk in Auckland harbour by French DGSE agents, killing Fernando Pereira.
• 1985 – An Aeroflot Tupolev Tu-154 stalls and crashes near Uchkuduk, Uzbekistan (then part of the Soviet Union), killing all 200 people on board in the USSR's worst-ever airline disaster.
• 1991 – The South African cricket team is readmitted into the International Cricket Council following the end of Apartheid.
• 1991 – Boris Yeltsin takes office as the first elected President of Russia.
• 1992 – In Miami, former Panamanian leader Manuel Noriega is sentenced to 40 years in prison for drug and racketeering violations.
• 1997 – In London, scientists report the findings of the DNA analysis of a Neanderthal skeleton which supports the "out of Africa theory" of human evolution, placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
• 1997 – Miguel Ángel Blanco, a member of Partido Popular (Spain), is kidnapped in the Basque city of Ermua by ETA members, sparking widespread protests.
• 1998 – Catholic Church sexual abuse cases: The Diocese of Dallas agrees to pay $23.4 million to nine former altar boys who claimed they were sexually abusedby Rudolph Kos, a former priest.
• 2000 – EADS, the world's second-largest aerospace group is formed by the merger of Aérospatiale-Matra, DASA, and CASA.
• 2002 – At a Sotheby's auction, Peter Paul Rubens' painting The Massacre of the Innocents is sold for £49.5 million (US$76.2 million) to Lord Thomson.
• 2005 – Hurricane Dennis slams into the Florida Panhandle, causing billions of dollars in damage.
• 2007 – Erden Eruç begins the first solo human-powered circumnavigation of the world.
• 2008 – Former Macedonian Interior Minister Ljube Boškoski is acquitted of all war-crimes charges by a United Nations Tribunal.
• 2011 – Russian cruise ship Bulgaria sinks in Volga near Syukeyevo, Tatarstan, leading to 122 deaths.