Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

July 14, 2016

July 14
• 1900 – Armies of the Eight-Nation Alliance capture Tientsin during the Boxer Rebellion.
• 1902 – The Campanile in St. Mark's Square, Venice collapses, also demolishing the loggetta.
• 1911 – Harry Atwood, an exhibition pilot for the Wright brothers, lands his airplane at the South Lawn of the White House. He is later awarded a Gold medal from U.S. President William Howard Taft for this feat.
• 1915 – The McMahon–Hussein Correspondence between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca and the British official Henry McMahon concerning the Arab Revoltagainst the Ottoman Empire begins.
• 1916 – Start of the Battle of Delville Wood as an action within the Battle of the Somme, which was to last until 3 September 1916.
• 1928 – New Vietnam Revolutionary Party is founded in Huế amid providing some of the communist party's most important leaders in its early years.
• 1933 – Gleichschaltung: In Germany, all political parties are outlawed except the Nazi Party.
• 1933 – The Nazi eugenics begins with the proclamation of the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring that calls for the compulsory sterilizationof any citizen who suffers from alleged genetic disorders.
• 1943 – In Diamond, Missouri, the George Washington Carver National Monument becomes the first United States National Monument in honor of an African American.
• 1948 – Palmiro Togliatti, leader of the Italian Communist Party, is shot and wounded near the Italian Parliament.
• 1950 – Korean War: North Korean troops initiate the Battle of Taejon.
• 1957 – Rawya Ateya takes her seat in the National Assembly of Egypt, thereby becoming the first female parliamentarian in the Arab world.
• 1958 – Iraqi Revolution: In Iraq the monarchy is overthrown by popular forces led by Abd al-Karim Qasim, who becomes the nation's new leader.
• 1960 – Jane Goodall arrives at the Gombe Stream Reserve in present-day Tanzania to begin her famous study of chimpanzees in the wild.
• 1965 – The Mariner 4 flyby of Mars takes the first close-up photos of another planet.
• 1969 – Football War: After Honduras loses a soccer match against El Salvador, riots break out in Honduras against Salvadoran migrant workers.
• 1969 – The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills are officially withdrawn from circulation.
• 1976 – Capital punishment is abolished in Canada.
• 1987 – Montreal, Canada, is hit by a series of thunderstorms causing the Montreal Flood of 1987.
• 1992 – 386BSD is released by Lynne Jolitz and William Jolitz beginning the Open Source operating system revolution. Linus Torvalds releases his Linux soon afterwards.
• 2000 – A powerful solar flare, later named the Bastille Day event, causes a geomagnetic storm on Earth.
• 2002 – French President Jacques Chirac escapes an assassination attempt unscathed during Bastille Day celebrations.
• 2003 – In an effort to discredit U.S. Ambassador Joseph C. Wilson, who had written an article critical of the 2003 invasion of Iraq, Washington Post columnistRobert Novak reveals that Wilson's wife Valerie Plame is a CIA "operative".
• 2003 – Sandipan Chanda achieves Grandmaster title awarded by the World Chess Federation (FIDE)..
• 2015 – NASA's New Horizons probe performs the first flyby of Pluto, and thus completes the initial survey of the Solar System.
• 2015 – P5+1 and Iran agree on final provisions of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action in regards to the latter's nuclear program.
• 2016 – A vehicular attack in Nice, France, kills at least 84 and injures over 300.