अरुण शौरी (जन्म- 2 नवम्बर, 1941)

November 02, 2017

अरुण शौरी (जन्म- 2 नवम्बर, 1941, पंजाब) भारत के अदम्य निर्भीकता वाले पत्रकार, बुद्धिजीवी, प्रसिद्ध लेखक और राजनेता हैं। 1968 से 1972 और फिर 1975 से 1977 तक एक अर्थशास्त्री के रूप में इन्होंने विश्व बैंक में अपनी महत्त्वपूर्ण सेवाएँ दी हैं। भारत के योजना आयोग में सलाहकार के पद पर भी वे काम कर चुके हैं। प्रसिद्ध अंग्रेज़ी समाचार पत्र 'इंडियन एक्सप्रेस' और 'द टाइम्स ऑफ़ इंडिया' के सम्पादक भी अरुण शौरी रहे हैं। सन 1998-2004 तक भारत सरकार में मंत्री के पद को भी अरुण शौरी सुशोभित किया है।


अरुण शौरी का जन्म 2 नवम्बर, 1941 में जालन्धर (पंजाब) में हुआ था। वह अपने पिता हरिदेव शौरी और माता दयावंती की प्रथम संतान थे। इन्होंने अपनी स्कूली शिक्षा दिल्ली से और 'सेन्ट स्टीफेंस कॉलेज', 'दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय' से अर्थशास्त्र में आनर्स की डिग्री प्राप्त की थी। 1966 में न्यूयार्क, साइराकस यूनिवर्सिटी से डॉक्टरेट की उपाधि प्राप्त की। अरुण शौरी का विवाह अनीता शौरी के साथ हुआ था, जिनसे ये एक पुत्र के पिता भी बने। पत्रकारिता में पूरी तरह से उतरने से पहले एक अर्थशास्त्री के रूप में विश्व बैंक तथा अन्य महत्त्वपूर्ण संस्थानों में कार्य किया।


अरुण शौरी ने हिन्दू धर्म के ग्रन्थों का अध्ययन किया। वह जयप्रकाश नारायण के जन-आंदोलन से सक्रिय रूप से जुड़े और इस दौरान उन्होंने दस महत्त्वपूर्ण लेखों के माध्यम से राजनीतिक शक्तियों के भ्रष्टाचार तथा लोकतंत्र की अवमानना जैसे विषयों पर अपने विचार प्रकट किये, जो सेमिनार, मेन स्ट्रीम तथा इण्डिया टुडे जैसी महत्त्वपूर्ण पत्रिकाओं में प्रकाशित हुए। इन आलेखों का पुस्तक रूप में भी प्रकाशन हुआ, जो 'सिंप्टम्स ऑफ़ फ़ॉसिज्म' तथा 'वाशिंगटन एसेज़' शीर्षक से सामने आईं।


अरुण शौरी को उनकी पत्रकारिता के लिए 1982 का 'मेग्सेसे पुरस्कार' प्रदान किया गया। वह तीन बार राज्य सभा के सदस्य भी रहे। सन 1990 में उन्हें 'जर्नलिस्ट ऑफ़ द ईयर' चुना गया था। इसी वर्ष (1990) में उन्हें साहित्य एवं शिक्षा के क्षेत्र में विशेष योगदान के लिए 'पद्मभूषण' सम्मान भी प्राप्त हुआ। सन 2002 में बिजनेस वीक ने उन्हें "स्टार ऑफ़ इण्डिया' से सम्मानित किया तथा 'द इकॉनोमिक टाइम्स' ने उन्हें 'द बिजनेस लीडर ऑफ द ईयर' चुना। अरुण शौरी को 'दादाभाई नौरोजी पुरस्कार', 'फ़्रीडम टू पब्लिक अवार्ड', 'एस्टर पुरस्कार' और 'इंटरनेशनल एडिटर ऑफ द ईयर अवार्ड' से भी सम्मानित किया जा चुका है।


Arun Shourie (born 2 November 1941) is an Indian economist, journalist, author and politician. He has worked as an economist with the World Bank, a consultant to the Planning Commission of India, editor of the Indian Express and The Times of India and a Minister of Communications and Information Technology in the Vajpayee Ministry (1998–2004). He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982 and the Padma Bhushan in 1990.


Arun Shourie was born in Jalandhar, British India, on 2 November 1941. He studied at Modern School, Barakhamba and did his bachelor's in Economics(H) from St. Stephen's College, Delhi University. He obtained his doctorate in Economics from Syracuse University in 1966.


Shourie is married to Anita, and they have a son.His sister is the journalist Nalini Singh. Arun Shourie speaks about his personal life and reviews his life events as case dairies "My writing is like the case diary of an advocate which is aimed at winning a case" and his opinions on journalism.


Shortly after receiving PhD in economics from Syracuse University Shourie joined World Bank as an economist in 1967 where he worked for more than 10 years. Simultaneously, between 1972–74, he was a consultant to the Indian Planning Commission and it was around this time that he began writing articles as a journalist, criticising economic policy.


In 1975, during The Emergency imposed by then prime minister, Indira Gandhi, Shourie began writing for the Indian Express in opposition to what he saw as an attack on civil liberties. The newspaper, owned by Ramnath Goenka, was a focal point for the government's efforts at censorship. He became a fellow of the Indian Council of Social Science Research in 1976. In January 1979, Goenka appointed Shourie as executive editor of the newspaper, giving him a carte blanche to do with it as he saw fit. He developed a reputation as an intelligent, fearless writer and editor who campaigned for freedom of the press, exposed corruption and defended civil liberties such that, in the words of Martha Nussbaum, "his dedication to the truth has won admiration throughout the political spectrum".


Shourie has been called a "veteran journalist". Shourie was a winner of the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982, in the Journalism, Literature and Creative Communication Arts category as "a concerned citizen employing his pen as an effective adversary of corruption, inequality and injustice." In 2000, he was named as one of the International Press Institute's World Press Freedom Heroes. He has also been named International Editor of the Year Award and was awarded The Freedom to Publish Award.


He was nominated from the state of Uttar Pradesh as a BJP representative for two successive tenures in the Rajya Sabha, thus being a Member of Parliament for 1998–2004 and 2004–2010. He held the office of the Minister of Disinvestment, Communication and Information Technology in the government of India under Vajpayee's prime ministership.As Disinvestment Minister, he led the sale of Maruti, VSNL, Hindustan Zinc among others.


Shourie was among many who objected to The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act 1986, which the government headed by Rajiv Gandhi proposed to alleviate communal violence and retain Muslim votes. Claimed by the government to be a reinforcement of India's constitutional secularism, it was widely criticised by both Muslims and Hindus. The liberals among them, says Ainslie Embree, saw it as "a capitulation to the forces of Islamic obscurantism, a return ... to the thirteenth century"; the Hindu revivalist critics thought it was "weakening Indian unity". Shourie wrote articles that tried to show that the treatment of women as required by the Quran would in fact offer them protection, although the application of Islamic law in practice was oppressing them. He was in turn criticised for what was perceived as a thinly-veiled attack on Islam itself, with Rafiq Zakaria, the Muslim scholar, saying that Shourie's concern for reform of Islam was in fact demonstrative of Hindu contempt that used the plight of Muslim women as an example of the backwardness of the community. Vir Sanghvi termed it "Hindu chauvinism with a liberal face".


After the defeat of the BJP in 2009 general elections, Shourie asked for introspection and accountability within the party. He deplored factionalism within the party and those who brief journalists to aid their own agenda.


Shourie has been described by Christophe Jaffrelot, a political scientist, as "a writer sympathetic to militant Hindu themes" and has publicly voiced support for the aims of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), a nationalist Hindutva organisation. This has caused unease among some of those who admire his journalism. He has said that, although he sees a danger from perceived Muslim violence such as the Godhra train burning incident of 2002, people have tended to redefine the "Hindutva" term. He says that prominent members of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), of which he is a member and which has ties to the RSS — specifically, L. K. Advani and Atal Bihari Vajpayee — have shown their opposition to sectarian hatred and in their attempts to make the BJP inclusive have tried to marginalise those on both the Muslim and Hindu extremes who promote such hatred.


Arun Shourie has written numerous books that he is a great writer, according to Nussbaum, are


recognisably the creation of a smart, determined, muckraking journalist, They are polemical, ad hominem, often extremely shrill in tone. ... But despite their style, the books are obviously the work of a brilliant man, with a wide if idiosyncratic learning, a passion for the freedoms of speech and press, and a desire to get beneath current events to address underlying issues.


His writings have gained him a considerable following. They were initially on a diverse range of subjects related to his journalistic interests, including corruption and polemics against B. R. Ambedkar and left-wing historians. He subsequently concentrated his polemicism mostly on issues relating to the detrimental effects of religion on society, producing critiques of Christianity, Hinduism and Islam. With the exception of Gandhi, he has little time for any religious thinker and, says Nussbaum, his books "nowhere ... seek to provide balance; nowhere is there a sense of complexity. All have the same mocking, superior tone."


Historian D.N. Jha criticized Shourie's book Eminent Historians, which concerned the NCERT controversy, that it contains "slander" and "has nothing to do with history.


In 2000, Shourie pledged the entire amount (Rs. 120 million) of discretionary spending available to him under Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme (MPLADS) to setting up of Bio-Sciences & Bio-engineering Department at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. In 2005, he again pledged Rs. 110 million for developing a separate building for Environmental Sciences and Environmental Engineering at the institute.