झूलन निशित गोस्वामी (जन्म- 25 नवम्बर, 1982)

November 25, 2017

झूलन निशित गोस्वामी (जन्म- 25 नवम्बर, 1982, नादिया, पश्चिम बंगाल) भारत की प्रसिद्ध महिला क्रिकेटर हैं। उन्हें 'नादिया एक्सप्रेस' के नाम से भी जाना जाता है। अपनी शानदार गेंदबाजी से वे कई बार भारत को जीत दिला चुकी हैं। झूलन गोस्वामी अंतरराष्ट्रीय एक दिवसीय क्रिकेट मैच में सबसे ज़्यादा विकेट लेने वाली महिला क्रिकेटर हैं। उन्होंने ऑस्ट्रेलिया की कैथरीन फिट्जपैट्रिक का एक दशक से चला आ रहा रिकॉर्ड तोड़ कर यह उपलब्धी अपने नाम की है। वे मिताली राज से पहले भारतीय महिला क्रिकेट टीम की कप्तान भी कर चुकी हैं।


परिचय
झूलन गोस्वामी का जन्म 25 नवम्बर, 1982 को नादिया, पश्चिम बंगाल में हुआ था। उनके पिता का नाम निशित गोस्वामी तथा माता का नाम झरना है। अपने कद के कारण झूलन गेंदों को अच्‍छी उछाल देने में सफल होती हैं। उनकी लम्बाई 5 फुट 11 इंच है। सुबह 4.30 बजे उठकर झूलन गोस्वामी नादिया से दक्षिण कोलकाता के विवेकानंद पार्क तक लोकल ट्रेन से जाया करती थीं, जहां कोच उन्हें क्रिकेट का प्रशिक्षण दिया करते थे। एक दिन क्रिकेट खेलकर रात को देर से घर पहुंचने पर उनकी माँ ने उन्हें कई घंटे घर के बाहर खड़े रखा था।


झूलन गोस्वामी के तेज़ गेंदबाजी शुरू करने की कहानी कम दिलचस्‍प नहीं है। बचपन में वे पड़ोस के लड़कों के साथ क्रिकेट खेला करती थीं। उस समय बेहद धीमी गेंदबाजी करने के कारण झूलन का मजाक बनाया जाता था। इससे उन्हें गेंदबाज बनने की प्रेरणा मिली। उन्‍होंने तेज़ गेंदबाजी में हाथ आजमाया और जल्‍द ही अपनी गेंदों की गति से लड़कों को भी चौंकने पर मजबूर करने लगीं। उनकी कद काठी तेज़ गेंदबाजी के लिहाज से आदर्श है। वनडे क्रिकेट में सबसे अधिक विकेट लेने वाली गेंदबाज बनी झूलन गोस्वामी गति के बावजूद गेंदों की लाइन-लेंथ पर नियंत्रण रखती हैं। उनकी छवि बेहद सटीक तेज़ गेंदबाज की है।


34 वर्षीय झूलन गोस्वामी ने 9 मई, 2017 को ऑस्ट्रेलिया की कैथरीन फिट्जपैट्रिक के 180 विकेटों के रिकॉर्ड को पीछे छोड़ दिया। उन्होंने दक्षिण अफ़्रीका में खेले गये चार देशों के टूर्नामेंट में मेजबान टीम के ख़िलाफ़ तीन विकेट लेकर अपने विकेटों की संख्या को 181 तक पहुंचा दिया। उन्होंने 153वें मैच में यह उपलब्धि हासिल की। जबकि 2007 में रिटायर हो चुकीं कैथरीन ने 109 मैचों में 180 विकेट लिये थे।


वर्ष 2007 में आईसीसी की महिला क्रिकेटर ऑफ़ द ईयर से सम्मानित झूलन गोस्वामी एक समय पर दुनिया की सबसे तेज़ महिला गेंदबाज थीं। उन्होंने भारत के लिए 2002 में डेब्यू किया था।


Jhulan Nishit Goswami  (born 25 November 1982 in Nadia, West Bengal, India) is an all round cricketer who plays for the India national women's cricket team, Bengal Women, East Zone Women as well as the Asia Women XI women's cricket. On 1 February 2009, she was appointed to lead the team for the upcoming world cup.


An integral part of the team, Jhulan is noted for both her batting and bowling (right arm medium) capabilities. She has a Test bowling average of less than 20. In the 2006–07 season she guided the Indian team to first test series win in England.


She won the ICC Women's Player of the Year 2007 and the M.A. Chidambaram trophy for Best Women Cricketer in 2011.Recently she is no more the captain of the Indian Women's Cricket team. She is succeeded by Mitali Raj. Jhulan is first in ICC Women's ODI bowling rankings(January 2016). Jhulan is the leading wicket taker (195) in the history of women ODI cricket.Also she was the fastest playing bowler in world women cricket after Cathryn Fitzpatrick retired.Goswami is the highest wicket taker in Women's One Day International cricket.


Jhulan Goswami (Babul/Gozzy-nickname) was born in Nadia district of West Bengal on 25 November 1982. She belongs to a middle class family in Chakdaha, a small town in Nadia, West Bengal. She took up cricket at the age of 15. Before taking up cricket, she was a fan of football.[8] Her first encounter with cricket was on 1992 when she watched 1992 Cricket World Cup on TV and she was charmed by Belinda Clark’s victory lap after Australia vs New Zealand 1997 Women’s World Cup final live at the stadium. But like all other Indian parents, Jhulan’s parents too wanted her to concentrate more on studies rather than cricket.Jhulan did not stop. As she realised that her love for cricket grew, she took it steps further for cricket training. As her hometown didn’t have any cricket facilities at that time, she had to travel to Kolkata.Her education and cricket made her schedule jam packed yet she continued her hard work. She is also a movie-buff and book-worm besides, cricketer.


Since her teens, she worked hard for cricket. She did her cricket training in Kolkata. Soon, she made her entry in the Bengal cricket team.At the age of 19, she made her India debut in 2002 in an one-day International Match against England in Chennai. Her Test International debut was on 14 January 2002 against England in Lucknow and her T20 debut was on 2006 in Derby.


Goswami along with Mithali Raj guided Indian Women’s Cricket team to first Test series win England in 2006–07 season. During the same season, Jhulan helped Indian Women Cricket team to get their first victory against England, making a fifty as nightwatchman in the first Test at Leicestar and taking her career best match figures of 10 for 78–5 for 33 and 5 for 45 – in the second test at Taunton. In 2007 Jhulan was a member of Asian squad in the Afro-Asia tournament in India and also won the ICC Women’s Cricketer of the Year (when no Indian male cricketer bagged an individual award).


Later in 2008, she took over the captaincy from Mithali Raj and held till 2011.In 2008, she also became the fourth woman to reach 100 wickets in ODIs at Asia Cup. She led India in 25 ODIs.In 2010 she was awarded the Arjun Award and in 2012 she became second Indian women cricketer to receive Padma Shri after Diana Edulji.


She has 40 Test wickets in her name in 10 matches. Overall she has 271 international wickets in 223 games and has scored 1593 runs with three 50s. She is the highest wicket taker in WODIs going past Australian Cathryn Fitzpatrick record of 180 wickets.She achieved the feat during the Women’s Quadrangular Series in South Africa and has 181 wickets in 153 matches at an average of 21.76 with two 5 wickets and 4 four wickets hauls. In ODIs she has 919 runs in 153 matches. In 2011 where India failed to win, she took 6 for 31 against New Zealand.[6] She also has 50 wickets in 60 20–20 Internationals.


In May 2017, Goswami became the leading wicket-taker in ODIs when she took her 181st wicket against South Africa at PUK Oval, Potchefstroom, surpassing Australia's Cathryn Fitzpatrick.


Goswami was part of the Indian team to reach the final of the 2017 Women's Cricket World Cup where the team lost to England by nine runs.


Former captain of the Indian women’s cricket team, Jhulan Goswami, revealed on Tuesday, 19th September 2017, that a biopic on her is in the making with the working title ‘Chakdaha Express.’The biopic will be directed by Sushanta Das, it will trace Jhulan's journey from the Vivekananda Park nets in Kolkata to the Lord's cricket ground in London, where India lost the World Cup final against England in July.


Awards, Honors and Title
2007 – ICC Women's Cricketer of the Year
Captain of Indian Women's Cricket Team (2008–2011)
Fastest Bowler
2010 – Arjuna Award
2012 – Padma Shri 
Leading International Wicket Taker