Important Events (from1901 to 2015)

September 25, 2015

September 25
• 1906 – In the presence of the king and before a great crowd, Leonardo Torres y Quevedo successfully demonstrates the invention of the Telekino in the port ofBilbao, guiding a boat from the shore, in what is considered the birth of the remote control.
• 1911 – Ground is broken for Fenway Park in Boston
• 1911 – An explosion of badly degraded propellant charges on board the French battleship Liberté detonates the forward ammunition magazines and destroys the ship.
• 1912 – Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York City.
• 1915 – World War I: The Second Battle of Champagne begins.
• 1926 – The international Convention to Suppress the Slave Trade and Slavery is first signed.
• 1929 – Jimmy Doolittle performs the first blind flight from Mitchel Field proving that full instrument flying from take off to landing is possible.
• 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Chinese Eighth Route Army gains a minor, but morale-boosting victory in the Battle of Pingxingguan.
• 1942 – World War II: Swiss Police Instruction: This instruction denied entry into Switzerland to Jewish refugees.
• 1944 – World War II: Surviving elements of the British 1st Airborne Division withdraw from Arnhem in the Netherlands, thus ending the Battle of Arnhem andOperation Market Garden.
• 1955 – The Royal Jordanian Air Force is founded.
• 1956 – TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, is inaugurated.
• 1957 – Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, is integrated by the use of United States Army troops.
• 1959 – Solomon Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka is mortally wounded by a Buddhist monk, Talduwe Somarama, and dies the next day.
• 1962 – The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is formally proclaimed. Ferhat Abbas is elected President of the provisional government.
• 1962 – The North Yemen Civil War begins when Abdullah al-Sallal dethrones the newly crowned Imam al-Badr and declares Yemen a republic under his presidency.
• 1963 – Lord Denning releases the UK government's official report on the Profumo Affair.
• 1964 – The Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal begins.
• 1969 – The charter establishing the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation is signed.
• 1970 – Ceasefire between Jordan and the Fedayeen ends fighting triggered by four hijackings on September 6 and 9.
• 1972 – In a referendum, the people of Norway reject membership of the European Community.
• 1974 – The first ulnar collateral ligament replacement surgery (Tommy John surgery) performed, on baseball player Tommy John.
• 1977 – About 4,200 people take part in the first running of the Chicago Marathon.
• 1978 – PSA Flight 182, a Boeing 727, collides in mid-air with a Cessna 172 and crashes in San Diego, killing 144 people.
• 1981 – Belize joins the United Nations.
• 1983 – Maze Prison escape: Thirty-eight republican prisoners, armed with six handguns, hijack a prison meals lorry and smash their way out of the Maze prison. It is the largest prison escape since World War II and in British history.
• 1992 – NASA launches the Mars Observer, a $511 million probe to Mars, in the first U.S. mission to the planet in 17 years. Eleven months later, the probe would fail.
• 1996 – The last of the Magdalene asylums closes in Ireland.
• 2002 – The Vitim event, a possible bolide impact, occurs in Siberia, Russia.
• 2003 – The 8.3 Mw Hokkaidō earthquake strikes just offshore Hokkaidō, Japan.
• 2008 – China launches the spacecraft Shenzhou 7.