के. जी. बालकृष्णन - (जन्म- 12 मई, 1945)

May 12, 2017

कोनकुप्पकतिल गोपिनाथन बालकृष्णन (जन्म- 12 मई, 1945) भारत के भूतपूर्व मुख्य न्यायाधीश हैं। देश के 37वें मुख्य न्यायाधीश बनने वाले वे पहले दलित और मलयाली व्यक्ति हैं। वे 14 जनवरी, 2007 से 12 मई, 2010 तक भारत के मुख्य न्यायाधीश रहे।

-न्यायमूर्ति के. जी. बालकृष्णन का जन्म त्रावणकोर के कस्बे थलायोलपारम्बू में पुलाया जाति से संबंधित एक दलित और दरिद्र परिवार में हुआ था, जो वर्तमान में केरल राज्य का कोट्टयम ज़िला है।
-के. जी. बालकृष्णन के अनुसार - "हालांकि मेरे पिता ने केवल मैट्रिकुलेशन तक और मेरी माँ ने मात्र सातवीं कक्षा तक ही शिक्षा पाई थी। वे अपने बच्चों को सर्वश्रेष्ठ शिक्षा देना चाहते थे।"
-बालकृष्णन के पिता वायकोम मुंशिफ न्यायालय में एक क्लर्क और के. आर. नारायणन के सहपाठी थे।
-अपनी प्राथमिक शिक्षा पूरी करने के बाद के. जी. बालकृष्णन ने सरकारी हाईस्कूल वायकोम से अपनी स्कूली शिक्षा समाप्त की, जिसके लिए वे प्रतिदिन पाँच कि.मी. की दूरी तय करते थे।
-इसके बाद उन्होंने एर्नाकुलम के महाराजा कॉलेज में प्रवेश लिया, जहाँ से अपनी बी.एस.सी. की डिग्री प्राप्त की। उन्होंने एल.एल.बी. की डिग्री गवर्नमेन्ट लॉ कॉलेज, एर्नाकुलम से हासिल की।
-के. जी. बालकृष्णन ने सन 1968 में केरल बार काउंसिल में एक अधिवक्ता के रूप में अपना नामांकन कराया और इसी बीच उन्होंने अपना एल.एल.एम. पूर्ण किया।

Konakuppakatil Gopinathan Balakrishnan  (b. 12 May 1945) was the former Chairperson of the National Human Rights Commission of India. He is a former Chief Justice of India.

He was the first judge from the state of Kerala to become the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. His tenure lasting more than three years has been one of the longest in the Supreme Court of India.
Justice K. G. Balakrishnan was born at Kaduthuruthy, near Vaikom, Kingdom of Travancore. According to Balakrishnan, "Though my father was only a matriculate and my mother had her schooling only up to the seventh standard, they wanted to give their children the best education." His father was a clerk in the Vaikom munsiff court and was a classmate of K. R. Narayanan who hailed from Uzhavoor, a village near Vaikom.

After completing his primary education in Thalayolaparambu, he finished school at the Government High School, Vaikom for which he had to walk 5 km every day. Subsequently, he joined the Maharaja's College, Ernakulam, where he studied for his B.Sc. He took his Bachelor of Laws (L.L.B.) degree from the Government Law College, Ernakulam, and enrolled as an advocate in the Kerala Bar Council in 1968, beginning practice at the Munsiff's court, Vaikom. He then completed his L.L.M. in 1971.

As an advocate he pleaded both criminal and civil cases in the Ernakulam court. He was later appointed as a Munsiff in the Kerala Judicial Services in 1973. He later resigned from the services and resumed practice as an advocate in the Kerala High Court. In 1985, he was appointed as a judge of the Kerala High Court, and was transferred to the Gujarat High Court in 1997. He became the Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court in 1998, and in 1999, he assumed charge as the Chief Justice of the High Court of Judicature at Madras. While being Chief Justice of Gujarat High Court, he also discharged duties of Governor of Gujarat for about two months and also as the Member of the General Council of the Gujarat National Law University.

On 8 June 2000 he was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court. He was sworn in as the Chief Justice of India on 14 January 2007 by then President A. P. J. Abdul Kalam.[6] After his retirement on 12 May 2010, he has been serving since 7 June 2010 as the Chairman of the National Human Rights Commission.
KG Balakrishnan has tried to exempt the Office of the Chief Justice of India from the purview of the Right to Information Act. He ordered the Supreme Court registry to file an appeal before the Supreme Court against the Delhi High Court judgement making the office of the CJI amenable to the RTI act.He has also spoken about the need for amending the RTI act in the interests of the right to privacy.

Justice KG Balakrishnan has said "due regard" must be given to the "personal autonomy" of rape victims to decide on whether they should marry the perpetrator or choose to give birth to a child conceived through forced crime. Lawyers and women's rights activists have expressed some reservations.

Justice KG Balakrishnan has stated that pornography sites and hate speeches should be banned from the internet.He also passed a judgment stating that journaling on the web any thing hateful even against a political party is liable for censorship.

On a visit to Kasaragode as NHRC Chairman initiating suo motu complaint, Balakrishnan felt there had been violations of human rights against the populace by the harmful spraying of the pesticide Endosulfan, and recommended the founding of a super-speciality hospital for the relief of the victims.

Justice K. G. Balakrishnan is married to Nirmala and they have a son and two daughters - Pradeep, Sony and Rani. He has 5 brothers and 2 sisters. His younger brother K. G. Bhaskaran was government pleader in Kerala High Court and another brother K. G. Raju was conferred IAS by Kerala Government and served as District Collector for Wayanad, Kerala.